Medical

Weak immune system; Symptoms, reasons, methods of care

Weak immune systems make us vulnerable to a variety of infections and diseases. The best example is Corona, which we are all somewhat familiar with and puts a weakened immune system at risk. This article will talk about the symptoms of a weakened immune system and provide tips that can help a person’s health. Stay with us.

Symptoms of the weakened immune system

  1. You always feel tired.

Do you sometimes try to be healthy but still be tired and lacking energy? This could be a sign of a weakened immune system. When the immune system fights infection, it uses all its energy sources to function optimally. So when a chronic illness or inflammation enters your body, the immune system takes more energy from you and makes you tired. Sometimes an overactive immune system in the absence of any infection can waste energy in the body. This immunity is too much in chronic inflammation and primarily due to chronic illness or improper diet.

  1. You catch a cold quickly.

If you have a cold, cough, runny nose, or flu more than twice a year, you may need to strengthen your immune system. Different types of viruses and bacteria cause colds. The body can not meet the constant need to produce white blood cells in a weak immune system, leading to annoying respiratory symptoms.

 

  1. You have constant abdominal pain and diarrhea.

Intestinal microorganisms play an essential role in regulating the overall balance of your immune system. These healthy microorganisms help protect the gut against infection by sending signals to the immune system, especially white blood cells. When these beneficial germs are killed, the harmful germs accumulate and irritate the gut, causing abdominal pain and diarrhea. In this case, the necessary signals to fight these infections are lost, and the immune system is weakened.

 

  1. You have stress most of the time.

The more stress you have in your life, the more likely you have a weak immune system. Chronic, long-term secretion of the stress hormone, or cortisol, reduces the T lymphocyte response. These lymphocytes (white blood cells) are the main barrier against various infections.

  1. Your wounds heal slowly.

The immune system plays a crucial role in healing skin wounds. The wound healing process has four successive stages that rely on different immune cells. Any interruption in this process delays wound healing.

 

  1. You get recurrent infections.

If you often feel sick and need to see a doctor often, it means that your body cannot fight off the invading microorganisms enough, which is a clear sign of a weakened immune system. In this case, you should seek to strengthen your immune system.

 

  1. You will have sudden and severe fevers.

Most of the time, this is a sign of infection. You need to pay more attention to your immune system, no matter what may cause a sudden rise in body temperature.

Fever triggers a set of activities that help the immune system fight infections, but many people quickly turn to antipyretic drugs to reduce fever. It does feel good to have a fever, but it does mean you stop doing essential natural activities that help keep your immune system functioning. Maybe it’s better to control the rage, drink more fluids and let it flow.

 

  1. Your muscles and joints ache constantly.

Chronic muscle pain is closely related to the immune system. When the immune system fights infections, it produces large amounts of inflammatory chemicals and white blood cells. In the early stages, monocytes (another type of white blood cell) increase. But as the immune system weakens and inflammation continues, these monocytes become depleted. Over time, this condition manifests itself in the form of muscle aches.

 

  1. You always have skin problems like eczema.

Our skin tissue contains fatty compounds called lipids. These lipids create a barrier that prevents water from escaping from the skin and prevents irritants and unwanted organisms from entering it. Lipids cannot function effectively due to a permanent infection when the immune system works. This reduces the skin’s moisture, cracks the skin, and allows bacteria and fungi to enter the skin, causing acne and eczema.

 

  1. You always take medicine.

If you take antibiotics or malaria medications more than twice a year, you need to boost your immune system. Remember that your immune system must help you fight germs without outside help, such as taking medicine, and when this does not happen, and you need to take medication, you have a weak immune system.

 

Factors that exacerbate the weakness of the immune system

Many disorders can weaken the immune system and cause a person to have an immune deficiency. These disorders range from mild to severe. Some of them are present from birth, and environmental factors cause others.

Some examples of these disorders are:

AIDS;

Certain types of cancer;

Malnutrition;

Viral hepatitis;

 

How to stay healthy despite a weak immune system?

People with weakened immune systems can take several steps to maximize their health and prevent infection, some of which are described below.

 

  1. Health

Frequent hand washing is one way to prevent infection

One of the easiest ways to boost health in a person with a weakened immune system is following good hygiene, including frequent hand washing. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends hand washing at these times:

Before, during, and after preparing meals and snacks;

Before eating;

After sneezing or coughing;

Before and after treatment of cuts or open wounds;

After contacting a person who is ill;

After bathing the baby;

After changing diapers;

After handling an animal, animal feed, or animal waste;

After handling the garbage

Proper handwashing significantly reduces the risk of disease. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, hand washing reduces the incidence of infectious diarrhea by up to 58% in people with weakened immune systems. According to the center, washing hands with soap and water can help protect children and minimize deaths from pneumonia and diarrhea in people under five.

 

  1. Stay away from sick people.

People with weakened immune systems should avoid approaching people who have a cold or other infection. Other viruses and infectious diseases can be transmitted from person to person through close contact. If you have a weak immune system and someone is sick, do not approach them, and if you have to stay with them, wear a mask and wash your hands regularly.

 

  1. Quarantine during the Corona epidemic

People with weakened immune systems are more likely to develop severe virus symptoms after exposure to the coronavirus.

Recommended for people with weakened immune systems:

Leave home alone to do the necessary work.

Wash their hands regularly;

Maintain a safe distance from others;

Constantly clean and disinfect surfaces.

See your doctor if you have symptoms.

 

  1. Stress management

Stress can further weaken the immune system and make a person more susceptible to disease. Research shows that a constantly exposed to stress is more prone to illness. People with weakened immune systems need to take steps to manage their stress. Measures that may reduce stress include:

yoga;

Meditation;

Massage;

Entertainments;

 

  1. Enough sleep

According to research, sleep deprivation has a similar stress effect on the immune system. Lack of sleep disrupts the average production of white blood cells, which is a vital component of the immune system. According to the CDC, adults need at least 7 hours of sleep a day, and infants and children need 8 to 17 hours of sleep, depending on their age.

 

  1. Healthy diet

A person with a weak immune system should have a healthy diet. Doctors generally recommend a diet rich in vegetables and fruits for weakened immune systems.

For example, if a person with cancer becomes very weak during treatment, their doctor may advise them to take more steps to prevent foodborne illness. These actions include the following:

Wash all fruits and vegetables before peeling.

Avoid eating meat, fish, and undercooked eggs.

Refrigerate food;

Excerpts from pasteurized juices and dairy products.

 

  1. Regular exercise

Regular exercise keeps the body healthy. Exercise strengthens the body and stimulates the release of endorphins in the body, which reduces stress levels. Of course, those with a weak immune system should be careful not to put too much pressure on them because this will further weaken the immune system.

People with weakened immune systems should avoid sports with the following characteristics:

Very intense exercise;

Long non-stop exercise for rest.

 

  1. Taking supplements

Some vitamins and minerals affect the immune system. For example, a deficient person in vitamin C may also have poor immunity. Other vitamins and minerals that can affect the functioning of the immune system include:

Vitamin A;

Vitamin D;

folic acid;

Vitamin E;

If possible, get nutrients from food sources. If your doctor determines that you are not getting enough nutrients from food sources, they will make up for the deficiencies by prescribing supplements.

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