Eye discoloration is a rare phenomenon that is considered as a warning to people. The eyes are one of the essential parts of the face. Many people may want to change the color of their eyes throughout their lives through the use of contact lenses, but when this happens suddenly without your intervention, you should look for pathology. In some cases, the cause may not be dangerous, but this is not always the case. However, it is essential to see an ophthalmologist.
Eye discoloration can have negative consequences, such as cataracts or glaucoma, depending on the underlying cause. In this section, we will introduce you to important information about eye color change.
Worrying causes of eye discoloration:
Diseases that can cause discoloration of the eyes
When we are born, our eye color is usually blue to gray, but that does not mean that everyone can maintain this eye color for the rest of their lives. Most people change the color of their eyes after birth. These changes in eye color are expected during the first few months of a baby’s life. That’s why when you get a little older, your eyes show their final color.
When changes in eye color occur in youth, it can indicate symptoms in the body. In most cases, the symptom is an underlying injury to the body.
Change in eye color due to facial freckles.
Before we talk about eye discoloration, it is important to know what is melanin. Melanin is a pigment found in the body which exists in both the skin and the eyes and determines the skin tonnage. This substance is produced by cells called melanocytes. These cells are present in both the skin and the eyes and cause freckles and moles. They also appear in the eyes. These freckles are similar to freckles on the skin of the face and contain cells that produce melanin.
Eye color change
When such a thing appears, it can be a factor in changing the color of the eyes. This can happen at any time in life. These conditions are not particularly dangerous, but they can be dangerous over time and can lead to melanoma, a malignant tumor that affects vision. Studies show that these freckles and moles on the eyes are rare but affect about 2,000 people almost every year.
Hamartomas are small benign masses between 1 and 2 mm in size and appear in the eye’s iris. They usually do not affect vision. According to studies, hamartoma is the most common eye discoloration problem in humans and is a genetic disease that forms nerve tissue tumors. Of course, it can be found anywhere on the body and affects other parts.
Most of them are benign, but sometimes in rare cases, they can be dangerous. Diagnosis of this disease usually occurs in childhood. In severe cases, it may damage vision and cause discoloration of the eyes.
Corneal dystrophy is a rare disease and may affect one to nine out of a million people. It affects young people and changes the color of the eyes. As a result, one eye becomes brighter than the other. The cause is unknown.
The problem is that this injury usually has different symptoms. They are small spots that form on the eyes and maybe the cause of glaucoma or cataracts.
This syndrome causes inflammation of the cornea, glaucoma, and iris changes, causing eye discoloration. Specific cells enter the iris from the cornea and cause a deformity in both the iris and the pupil. The transfer of these cells disrupts the natural flow of fluid inside the eye and increases the risk of developing glaucoma. The most common symptoms are blurred vision, eye color changes, and even pain.
Pigment scattering syndrome
The pigment that colors the iris is located behind the cornea. Some people have different iris colors and may have other colors around. As a result, pigments are gradually released and enter other areas that should not be, and when this happens, the pigments block blood flow in some areas. Therefore, glaucoma may occur, and changes in eye color may be observed.
Changes in eye color due to injury
Injury or trauma is another common cause of eye discoloration and can be caused by an injury. Hot steam on the face or any damage can damage blood vessels. These injuries usually affect vision and cause diplopia and reduced vision quality. Sensitivity to light is also common.
The importance of consulting a doctor
Eye discoloration should be monitored by an ophthalmologist and symptoms monitored by a physician as they may damage vision. So if you have any doubts about any of the above, be sure to see a specialist and be monitored.