Cholesterol is more dangerous to the heart and brain than triglycerides, but what causes high blood cholesterol and triglycerides? How can high cholesterol and triglycerides be prevented?
Blood lipids can be divided into two types: triglycerides and cholesterol. Cholesterol is more dangerous to the heart, brain, and arteries than triglycerides.
What is a fat disorder?
If your doctor tells you that you have a fat disorder, it means that you have high levels of high blood cholesterol (LDL) lipoproteins or fats called triglycerides, or both. High levels of these substances increase the risk of heart disease.
To understand the meaning of fat disorders, you need to know about cholesterol. There are generally two cholesterol levels in our body: low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
LDL sometimes referred to as “bad cholesterol,” is made by the body and absorbed by cholesterol-rich foods such as red meat and dairy products. LDL can combine with other fats and substances in the blood to clog arteries.
Clogged arteries can reduce your blood flow and cause problems such as heart disease, heart attack, or stroke.
Doctors recommend lower levels of LDL because of its potential effects.
And HDL, sometimes known as “good cholesterol,” has a protective effect on your heart. HDL kills harmful cholesterol in the arteries. Doctors usually recommend that you have higher levels of HDL cholesterol.
Triglycerides are a type of fat obtained mostly from food and is produced when your body converts excess calories into fat. Some triglycerides are essential for some cellular functions, but they are very unhealthy.
What causes high blood cholesterol and triglycerides?
Two types of fats are known to increase cholesterol levels.
Saturated fat raises blood cholesterol:
Saturated fats can increase LDL levels. Some plant foods, such as palm oil and coconut oil, contain saturated fats. However, saturated fats are often found in animal foods, such as:
Some trans fats are found naturally in animal products. Others are found in foods called hydrogenation, such as margarine and potato chips.
The effect of medical problems on cholesterol levels:
Some medical problems can affect your cholesterol levels. High blood cholesterol levels can be as follows:
- Metabolic syndrome
- Cushing’s syndrome
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
- kidney disease
lack of exercise:
Lack of adequate exercise increases LDL levels. Exercise can increase HDL levels.
Smoking raises cholesterol:
Smoking can raise bad cholesterol and cause plaque in the arteries.
Increasing cholesterol levels with medications:
Some medications, such as diuretics, can increase your cholesterol levels.
Symptoms of high blood cholesterol and triglycerides:
- High cholesterol usually does not cause symptoms.
- Symptoms may appear only after an increase in cholesterol.
- For example, symptoms may include heart diseases such as chest pain or nausea, and fatigue. A heart attack or stroke may be caused by uncontrolled cholesterol.
How is a fat disorder diagnosed?
To check your cholesterol level, your doctor will order a blood test called a lipid profile. This test measures your total cholesterol (both LDL and HDL) and triglycerides.
Fats have many uses, including cell production, energy storage, and energy consumption. Let’s start by examining the similarities between triglycerides and cholesterol. As mentioned earlier, they circulate in the blood and are driven by lipoproteins distributed in different blood vessels and can be eaten or produced in vivo. The human body produces cholesterol and triglycerides, and the amount of cholesterol produced by the body is usually sufficient. If the body needs more triglycerides, it receives that amount through food.
Triglycerides and cholesterol play different roles depending on the body’s function, as cholesterol acts as a cell-building element and is an essential component of sex hormones such as progesterone and estrogen in women and testosterone men.
The most important function of cholesterol in the body is the formation of bile, and you should know that this substance is found in the liver and has a unique role in the digestion of fats and the absorption of vitamins A, E, and D.
The body uses triglycerides to produce energy, and this process is similar to when coal is fed to the engine steam furnace to run faster.
Triglycerides are first stored in the liver and then distributed throughout the body to be stored in the muscles. When the body is low in energy, triglycerides begin a process that breaks down fatty acids, leading to glucose production. Decomposed fatty acids and glucose penetrate the mitochondria into the muscles and give them the energy they need. The fatty acids used in absorbing energy are transferred from the bloodstream to the liver, converted back to triglycerides.
The unique role of triglycerides and cholesterol allows the body to maintain its condition, especially when you are under a lot of stress. Triglycerides and cholesterol are both classified as fat in the body.
Triglycerides play a role in energy production, while cholesterol is a significant factor in cell production and development. Becomes.
How can the risk of cardiovascular disease be minimized?
To control the risk of CVD, it is essential to know your blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglycerides, and your average triglyceride level is less than 1.7 mmol / L.
If triglyceride levels are high, lifestyle changes can return to normal:
Limit your total fat intake to 02-53% of daily calories, incredibly saturated and trans fats, and avoid overeating. Also, do not consume too many calories.
Profile of cholesterol in milligrams (milligrams per deciliter). Your total cholesterol level should not exceed 002 mg / dL.
What are the treatment options for fat disorder?
A combination of medications and lifestyle changes is a standard treatment plan for cholesterol and triglyceride correction. Your doctor may also suggest certain supplements.
Medications for the treatment of fat disorders:
Different types of medications are used to treat fat disorders.
These drugs produce a substance that causes cholesterol to be produced in the liver. The liver removes cholesterol from the blood, and you should know that statins can absorb cholesterol from your arteries.
The most common statins are:
- Atorvastatin (Lipitor)
- Fluvastatin (Lescol)
- Rosuvastatin (Crestor)
- Simvastatin (Zocor)
Cholesterol uptake inhibitors:
These drugs lower cholesterol levels by limiting the absorption of cholesterol in the diet, and they are often used in combination with statins.
Fibrate help in triglycerides:
These drugs help lower triglyceride levels in the blood.
The omega-3 fatty acids in supplements are commonly used for lower triglyceride and LDL levels. Omega-3 fatty acids are unsaturated fatty acids found naturally in fatty fish such as salmon, and vegetable oils such as canola and olive oil contain omega-3 fatty acids.
Lower your cholesterol by changing your lifestyle:
Having a healthy diet and getting enough exercise will help you lower your cholesterol. These steps can help prevent fat disorders.
How can I prevent high cholesterol and triglycerides?
According to the American Heart Association (AHA), you should try not to get more than 90% of your daily calories from saturated fat. It would help if you also avoid trans fats whenever possible. Eating lots of grains, fruits, and vegetables can lower high cholesterol.
Other methods that can help you maintain cholesterol and triglycerides include:
- Eat lean chicken
- Use low-fat, non-fat dairy products.
- Exercise for at least 10 minutes a day
- Avoid unhealthy foods and prepared meats.
- Eat grilled and grilled foods instead of fried foods.
Differences between triglycerides and cholesterol:
Triglycerides and cholesterol are two words that health advocates fear because they are harmful to the human body, and having large amounts of them can lead to coronary heart disease.
Today, the foods you buy in the supermarket are known to have high cholesterol.
The exciting thing is that these foods are delicious, especially meat that tastes good, but you should know that they all contain a lot of cholesterol. Many people can hardly talk about cholesterol.