Are you aware that cruciate ligament ruptures can be treated without surgery?
Knees are the largest and most complex joints in the human body. Knees are essential to movement in the human body. Femur and calf bones are connected by knee ligaments. An exercise-induced knee ligament rupture or strain is a common occurrence. This type of ligament injury is more likely to occur in direct impact sports such as soccer. They are also more likely to have cruciate ligament tears in the knee.
The knee joint is formed by the femur, tibia, and patella. The patella is positioned in front of the knee in this position to protect the joint. Bones are connected by ligaments. The knee joint has four main ligaments. They act as a tight rope connecting the bones. Furthermore, they stabilize the position of the knee joint.
The ligaments are located inside the knee joint. These ligaments cross each other at the front and back, creating a transverse appearance. A knee joint’s back and forth movement is controlled by the cruciate ligaments.
Around the knee joint are these ligaments. The internal ligament (MCL) connects the femur and tibia under these conditions. On the other hand, the external lateral ligament (LCL) connects the femur to the smaller bone in the lower leg (fibula). Side ligaments control the lateral movement of the knee joint and prevent abnormal movement.
Cause of rupture of the knee meniscus
Because the stability of the knee joint depends only on the muscles and ligaments around it, this joint is easily damaged. In this case, a direct blow to the knee or excessive muscle contraction (such as when changing direction suddenly when running) can damage the knee joint.
Rotation and rupture of the cruciate ligament of the knee are classified according to severity as follows:
- Ligament type 1 injury: In this condition, the ligament is slightly damaged. Although it stretches the ligament a bit, it can still hold the knee in place.
- A type 2 injury occurs when the damaged ligament becomes weak due to the severity of the injury. A partial ligament rupture often results from this type of injury.
- An injury of this type often refers to a complete rupture of the ligament. Consequently, the ligament is divided into two perfectly allowed parts, and because of these conditions, the knee joint becomes unstable.
The internal lateral ligaments (MCLs) are more damaged than the external lateral ligaments (LCLs).
Signs and symptoms
If one or more knee ligaments are damaged, the signs of a cruciate ligament rupture will appear regardless of which ligament is injured. The severity of the symptoms of cruciate ligament rupture depends on the degree of ligament damage. A completely torn ligament can result in more severe symptoms than a partially torn ligament.
Symptoms of ligament injury are as follows:
Hear the sound from the joint:
The affected joint usually makes a sound when a ligament ruptures.
Some bleeding inside the knee joint may occur when a ligament is injured. This can result in swelling of the joint. The amount of swelling depends on the severity of the injury. A mild ligament injury can cause limited swelling, while a complete rupture can cause extensive swelling in the knee joint.
The amount of pain experienced depends on the severity of the knee injury.
When you touch the knee joint, you feel discomfort:
The pain associated with these conditions can range from mild discomfort in mild cases to severe discomfort in cases of ligament ruptures.
Inability to move or use the knee normally:
If the ligament is completely torn, its mobility is greatly reduced. Despite a mild injury, the person can still move their knees relatively well.
Instability or holiness of the knee when standing on your feet:
Lameness can result from this condition. In these conditions, the severity of the ligament injury determines the symptoms. Even if a person is slightly injured, he will still be able to stand.
If you feel that your knee ligament is torn or stretched, you should see your doctor. A doctor usually starts diagnosing your problem by asking specific questions about the injury, the cause of the damage, and where the pain is located. The doctor may then examine your knee joint for signs of swelling. Furthermore, your doctor will attempt to move your foot in different positions in order to check the condition of your knee ligaments. Your doctor can tell you what type of injury you have by doing these tests. In the event your doctor suspects a severe knee ligament injury, you may be referred for more advanced tests, such as an MRI scan. MRI scans can detect any tears in the knee ligaments.
Ways and methods of treatment
Surgical repair of cruciate ligament ruptures and strains is rare. Several simple remedies can be used in conjunction with a rehabilitation program to return the patient to normal before the injury occurred. The main goals of rehabilitation in these cases are to reduce pain and swelling, improve mobility, improve strength and stability, and return to a normal level of activity. Here are some methods for treating cruciate ligament ruptures.
A patient care program should include pain control. Patients whose joints have been damaged or whose joints have been damaged can benefit from painkillers. Also, anti-inflammatory drugs may be used to reduce swelling and pain. It can also be used for a short period of time after severe injury to the patient.
Physiotherapy can be helpful in treating some knee ligament injuries. Physiotherapy can improve the range of motion of an injured knee joint. Exercises that strengthen the muscles that support the joint may also be used in this situation. In addition, if you have been offered surgery to repair and treat a torn cruciate ligament in your knee, you may be advised to undergo physical therapy first.
Your doctor may recommend using a knee brace until the wound has healed, depending on the cause of the knee ligament rupture. A knee brace usually has a hinge-like mechanism that allows the knee joint to bend and expand. This mechanism, however, does not allow the knee joint to move from side to side. Knee braces and orthoses cannot be used for all knee ligament injuries. Similarly, you may want to talk to your doctor about using these tools.
Platelet Enriched Plasma (PRP) Injection
Plasma enriched with platelets is plasma from the patient’s own body. Plasma of this type contains many growth factors necessary for joints, which can accelerate joint repair.
Platelet-rich plasma can help the natural process of repairing damaged structures by injecting it into the joint. Plasma injection is used to reduce the symptoms of the disease and consider the actual treatment in this process. Platelet-rich plasma injections can sometimes eliminate the need for surgery or even medication.
Platlet-enriched plasma can be used to treat knee joint damage, ruptured knee tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and osteoarthritis. A certain amount of blood must be taken from the patient. Platelets are then injected into or around the affected joint.
In this stage, plasma-enriched plasma has three to five times the normal growth factor, so this plasma can help repair the damage.
To improve the patient’s condition, the doctor may use one or more ampules depending on the type of injury and the patient’s initial response to the treatment. A doctor may also use ultrasound and x-rays to determine the exact location of the injections. As platelet-enriched plasma is derived from the patient’s blood, this treatment is completely safe. There is no risk of it causing a reaction.
When knee ligaments are injured, surgery may be needed.
Here are some conditions that may require surgery:
During extensive exercise or as a result of extreme activity, the patient has suffered an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. When a knee ligament is injured, other parts of the knee joint are also injured. This person has ruptured the external lateral ligament (LCL). An anterior cruciate ligament injury usually requires surgery. However, there is still much debate about the best way to repair anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Many times, physiotherapy and other conservative treatments can be all that is needed for the patient’s treatment, and these methods may be able to eliminate the need for surgery.
It is important to consider the following factors when deciding whether or not to undergo surgery:
- Specific characteristics of each person
- The activities and sports that the person does
- The general level of activity of the individual in daily life
- Underlying conditions related to the individual’s health
- Other possible knee injuries.
Talk to your doctor about the pros and cons of surgery before deciding if it is necessary.