Nail psoriasis disease or psoriasis is a disease of the immune system that occurs on the nails or anywhere on the body. However, there are effective home remedies for a nail.
Everything about a nail psoriasis disease or psoriasis
nail psoriasis is a chronic disease of the immune system that varies from mild to severe. This condition causes your body to produce a lot of skin cells. Psoriasis can also occur anywhere on the body, including the nails. People who suffer from this autoimmune disease are at risk for psoriasis, which can cause changes in nails and toes’ appearance.
Nail psoriasis affects up to 50% of people with psoriasis and up to 80% of people with psoriatic arthritis. However, a person who does not have a history of psoriasis may also develop this type of nail disease.
Early and Important Signs of Nail psoriasis
One of the first signs of nail psoriasis is a change in color to green, yellow, or brown.
Other symptoms include small red or white spots under the nails, bumps or narrow grooves on the nails, holes in the nail surface, itching, deformed nails, accumulation of white gypsum under the nails, thickening, breaking, or separating. The nail is onycholysis.
People with the oyster disease may develop a fungal infection (onychomycosis) simultaneously, associated with severe pain and brittle nails.
In more severe cases, the patient will not move the fingers and have difficulty performing daily tasks or lifting objects.
Nail psoriasis is not always painless, but it is unpleasant in appearance and causes embarrassment. If you have this disease, as you will read in the rest of this section, there are many home remedies that you can use to cure them.
Nail psoriasis disease treatments
Treating this nail disease can be difficult because psoriasis affects the nail as it grows. Other treatment options include:
1- Topical medicine
Topical corticosteroids are a standard treatment for nail disease. They are available as ointments, creams, emulsions, and nail polishes and should usually be used 1-2 times a day.
– Corticosteroid injection can be useful for treating symptoms such as thickening the nail and separation from the nail bed.
Calcipotriol (Calcitrim), Calcipotrin (Dionex), and Calcitriol are versions of Vitamin D that help reduces inflammation and speed up extra skin cells’ production. These drugs can reduce the thickness of the nail by reducing the accumulation of cells under the nail.
Tazarotene is a topical retinoid made from vitamin A.
Anthralin is an anti-inflammatory ointment that slows down the production of extra skin cells. Once applied to the nail bed daily, it improves symptoms such as thickening and onycholysis.
2- Topical medicine
Systemic drugs such as cyclosporine, methotrexate, apremilast, and retinoids are available in liquid, tablet, or injectable form.
Biologic drugs such as adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab reduce the overactive immune response that causes psoriasis.
Phototherapy affects areas of the skin affected by psoriasis as follows:
Exposure to ultraviolet light
For nail psoriasis, it is called PUVA treatment. First, you wet your hands or apply for a psoralen medicine, and then you are exposed to ultraviolet rays. This treatment can be useful for detachment and discoloration of the nails.
Laser treatment may be helpful for nail psoriasis. The type of laser used in this disease is called pulsed color laser. This action reduces the severity of nail psoriasis by targeting blood vessels under the skin with a light beam.
Top Home Remedies For Nail Psoriasis
1- Good nail care
To prevent the progression of nail psoriasis and its great pain, you should do good nail care. It is the best and most effective way to treat nail disease. For good nail care, follow the tips in the following section of the moisturizer:
Keep your nails tidy because short and tidy nails are less at risk of infection.
– After trimming the nails, use a razor to smooth the edges of the nails.
Use gloves when washing dishes and other household chores so that your nails are not exposed to chemicals.
Use cotton gloves under vinyl gloves when cleaning, cooking, or washing dishes. The use of latex gloves is not recommended.
Wear comfortable shoes with enough space for the toes.
Before wearing gloves or socks, make sure the space between your fingers is dry.
– Do not use nail polish regularly and leave your nails in their natural shape from time to time.
2- Coconut oil
If you have nail psoriasis, it is essential to keep your nails and cuticles moist, especially after their contact with water. The natural moisturizer is coconut oil because it contains medium-chain fatty acids that act as a natural fungicide to prevent nail infections.
Apply a little coconut oil to the base of your nails to moisturize the cuticle and dead skin. Do this several times a day.
Alternatively, mix 3-4 drops of oregano oil in a tablespoon of coconut oil and massage some of it on your diseased nails and wait for 10 minutes, then wash your nails with lukewarm water and dry thoroughly. Do this twice a day for several weeks.
Glycerin is one of the best ingredients to help keep damaged nails moist and around them. Glycerin can retain moisture in skin tissues for several hours.
1- Mix an equal amount of glycerin with water.
2- Apply it on all nails and surrounding skin.
3- Wait as long as you can
4- Then wash your nails with lukewarm water.
- Do this 2-3 times a day.
4- Aloe vera
Nail psoriasis often leads to dry and brittle nails, which can be treated with aloe vera. Aloe vera gel helps you return moisture to your nails and prevent them from cracking and redness. Also, it is an anti-inflammatory compound and strengthens the immune system.
1- Extract the gel of an aloe vera leaf.
2- Apply it on the nail surface and scrub.
3- Wait a while until the skin completely absorbs it.
4- Repeat this 3-4 times a day.
5- Tea tree oil
Fungal infections are a common side effect of nail psoriasis. There is nothing better than tea tree oil to reduce the risk of such infections. In tea tree oil properties, you read that tea tree oil, due to its fungicidal, bactericidal, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory properties help fight microorganisms and fungi that cause nail infections.
Pour 5-6 drops of tea tree oil in a small bowl full of lukewarm water, put your nails in the solution for 15 minutes and then dry thoroughly. Do this twice a day.
Alternatively, mix a tablespoon of coconut oil with five drops of tea tree oil. Soak a cotton ball in this mixture, apply it on your nails, and wait for 10 minutes, and then rinse with lukewarm water. Dry your nails and apply some moisturizing lotion on them and repeat this 2-3 times a day.
6- Neem Tree
Neem tree can be used to treat a variety of nail problems, including psoriasis. This substance has antifungal and antiseptic properties that can cure and prevent the spread of fungal infections.
Chop a few neem leaves and mix with a little water to make a paste, and then add a half teaspoon of turmeric powder. Apply the paste on your nails, wait for an hour, rinse with lukewarm water, and thoroughly dry around the nails. Use this method once a day.
Alternatively, apply neem oil to your nails with a cotton ball and wait overnight until morning and wash it off with lukewarm water the next morning. Repeat this daily.
7- Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is a good home remedy for nail psoriasis because it helps balance the skin’s natural pH and prevents fungal infections. Also, it will prevent the spread of the existing infection and will eliminate the symptoms.
Mix a teaspoon of organic apple cider vinegar in a glass of water and drink it twice a day.
– You can also mix one part apple cider vinegar with three parts lukewarm water and soak your nails in the solution for 10-15 minutes, and after finishing the work, dry your nails entirely and do this once a day. Could you do it for a few weeks?
Shea butter acts as an excellent moisturizer for dry and brittle nails. It contains vitamins A and E and essential fatty acids that help keep nails and surrounding skin moist. It also prevents the production of gypsum under the nails.
- Apply a small amount of butter to your nails.
- Wait until night until morning.
- Wash your nails the next morning.
Repeat this daily or whenever necessary.
9- Exposure to sunlight
Exposure of the nails to the sun also helps treat psoriasis and oyster disease. According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, short-term exposure to ultraviolet light helps slow down skin cells’ growth and shedding.
Sun exposure also helps the body produce vitamin D, which helps build immunity to prevent further infection.
Expose your nails to the morning sun for 10-15 minutes daily because it is also suitable for your overall health. However, remember to avoid sun exposure during peak sunlight hours to prevent sunburn and reduce skin cancer risk.
Never forget the importance of your diet because a healthy and balanced diet reduces the risk of autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis. It can also help reduce the risk of nail infection, a common complication of nail psoriasis.
Remember that the health of your skin and nails is directly related to your diet.
- Eat foods rich in fatty acids because it prevents the growth of nail fungus. They also help with an overactive immune system. Include salmon, sardines or mackerel, and walnuts and flaxseed in your diet.
- Eat foods containing zinc. Some good sources of zinc include pumpkin seeds and liver.
- Compared to refined and processed foods, eat more whole-grain bread, pasta, brown rice, whole grains, and oatmeal.
When should you consult a doctor?
- The National Psoriasis Foundation recommends that all patients with the disease see a dermatologist for diagnosis and treatment. If you have previously been diagnosed with the disease, you can:
- Your symptoms get worse or bother you.
- You are doing the treatment, but it has not been effective.
- And you want to try alternative therapies.
See your doctor.
- You can take antifungal medications to help treat fungal infections caused by nail psoriasis.
- Beauty treatments such as implants and varnishes can improve the appearance of your damaged nails.
- Avoid cleaning your nails with a nail brush or sharp object, as it will cause the nails to separate.
- Protect your nails from impact because it will irritate or aggravate psoriasis.
- Avoid plucking nails or cutting the cuticle, and if a piece of it hangs, gently remove it.
- If you are not satisfied with the type of your nails, try nail polish or artificial nails. Just remember to rest your nails from time to time.
- Dry air can aggravate the symptoms.