Things you need to know to Grow Vegetables At Home:
Do not worry about enough space, because even on your balcony you can have a vegetable garden, let us show you this is easy.
Choose the right seed.
If you are new to gardening, it is best to choose seeds that are easy to grow. Some of the best choices are lettuce, tomatoes, peas, beans, radishes, marjoram, basil, thyme, etc., but we recommend starting with a small amount.
Plant as much as you need and think about what your family eats. Also, keep in mind that some vegetables can be grown all year round, while others only grow once.
Use space to grow vegetables at home
Now is the time to determine the space you need, and of course, choose a suitable place for the vegetable garden, which should have enough sunlight and be located near the water source, and be protected from wind and cold.
Once you have chosen the right place, you have to decide how to use more space. You can grow the seeds in your balcony pots. There is not much space. The more you take care of the garden, the more load you get.
A large garden needs more time to maintain. If you are an experienced gardener and have enough time to take care of a large garden, we encourage you to do so, but if you do not have enough time or a beginner, you start with less space.
There are two ways to design your garden. This is the first traditional row planting, which is the most common vegetable garden design. You place the plants in a row. Although row cultivation seems logical and easy, it is only suitable for large vegetable gardens, and there is a different method due to the less space we have.
We recommend using a three-year rotation system, which means planting the same crop in the same place every three years. It provides enough nutrients to vegetables and also repels pests. Helps with insects or diseases that may occur in the soil after harvest.
To run this system, you need a paper map that shows the location of all the plants in each growing season to know what you have grown and
Prepare the ground for growing vegetables at home
If your garden has not been planted before, vegetables will be great in the first year. However, you must prepare the soil for good results. Add good natural ingredients to the soil. It is always best to use a soil test kit to determine soil pH before planting.
Acidic soils or soils with low pH can be sweetened by adding lime, while alkaline soils with high pH require sulfur and rich garden pollutants and must be mulched with acidic substances pine needles. Do not forget to check the drainage soil for improvement and add compost or organic matter if necessary.
Start sowing seeds
Grow your seedlings indoors in late winter to keep warm. They are needed for vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants that need a warm growing season to produce a crop.
You can also make cold seasonal products such as broccoli and kale indoors to prepare in early spring or fall. Start by pouring soil into 4-inch containers. Moisten it and let it dry, then soak the seeds according to the packaging instructions, gently moisten the soil, and don’t forget to put a label with the plant’s name.
After the seeds germinate, place the pot in a well-lit area between 60 degrees Fahrenheit and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. When the plant leaves, change its location and use fertilizer to strengthen the plant and soil.
Planting warm-season plants
Products such as potatoes, beans, corn, cucumbers, melons, peppers, tomatoes should be used in late spring. If you have already planted them, make sure you protect them well.
As the name implies, these vegetables need warm soil and high temperatures because the winter cold destroys them. Plants usually bear fruit in the warm season and can be stored for the winter. Other hot season products include eggplant, okra, squash, watermelon, etc.
Planting winter crops
Cold winter crops or winter vegetables prefer cold climates and grow at an average temperature of 15 degrees colder than the required season. They usually have edible roots and leaves.
These vegetables should be ripened in cold weather. You can plant them in early spring or late summer. Cold vegetables include beets, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, lettuce, onions, peas, potatoes, radishes, spinach, and many more, most of which are cold tolerant for a short time.
Caring for a vegetable garden
After the actual work is done, garden care is the most important part of maintaining a vegetable garden, but if it rains enough, give them about an inch less water each week.
Pruning is another important aspect. Prune the weeds so that they do not impede the growth of vegetables, and as mentioned earlier, you should add fertilizer for a rich harvest.
Use high-quality compost or packaged green manure. Do not do this too much because too much fertilizer can negatively affect your crop.
You will feel good if you plan and do all the steps correctly. Harvesting is done in several stages according to the type of vegetables.
Timely harvesting increases vegetable production. Some vegetables are best harvested while still small, such as blueberries – which are longer than 7 inches and harder to harvest. As we said, plan, read everything about the vegetable garden, and follow the instructions. Timely harvesting prevents diseases or pests.
Training to grow some high-consumption vegetables at home:
Grow mushrooms and plant mushroom stems in compost soil, use coffee powder and leave it overnight in a cool, humid environment. A few days later, you will see the stems sprout and sprout.
You can put the end of the carrot that you usually throw away in a bowl of water to have carrot leaves. Place this container in a sunny spot to grow. Carrot leaves can be used as a garnish or salad.
Put some basil in a glass of water and put it in the sun. When the plant grows, plant it in a pot to have fresh basil.
Instead of throwing garlic away after germination, put the sprouts in a glass of water and plant the garlic sprouts. Garlic sprouts tasteless garlic and is a good seasoning for salads and pasta.
Put the end of the untouched lettuce in a bowl of water and place it in a well-ventilated place. Two weeks later, new leaves grow, and within 3 to 4 weeks, the leaves grow fully.
Put the coriander stalk in a bowl of water like basil. After a little growth, plant the plant in a pot full of soil to germinate new leaves.
Put the onion root with some stems in a bowl of water; you can have a fresh onion in less than five days.