A runny nose means a lot of discharge from the nose, which is also called rhinorrhea and causes swelling and tenderness in the nasal tissue and can have various causes.
The discharge may be a clear, thin liquid or thick mucus that comes out of the nose, down the throat, or both. Excess mucus may also block the nasal passages and cause nasal congestion.
A complete investigation of the causes of runny nose
The entry of pathogens such as viruses and bacteria or other foreign components into the nasal passages can be a factor in stimulating mucus overproduction as a natural response.
In this case, the body can not stop the process of excess mucus, and as a result, these fluids accumulate and come out of the nose like secretions.
If you think a sinus infection has caused your nose to swell, you should see a specialist.
Symptoms of sinusitis include the following:
- Yellow and green nasal discharge
- Cape of the nose
- Pain or burning around the nose and eyes
- Bad breath
Allergies are a common cause of runny nose. When an allergy shows its symptoms on the nose, it is called rhinitis allergy. In this case, the immune system overreacts to a non-harmful substance such as airborne dust, animal hair, etc.
As a result, inflammation occurs in the nasal passages, and mucus production increases. Allergic secretions are often thin, watery, and clear and persist as long as the allergen is present in the environment.
- Cape of the nose
- Itchy eyes, nose
- Redness and watery eyes
- Swelling or puffiness of the eyelids
- Mood swings, especially in children
Non-allergic rhinitis or runny nose
The non-allergic runny nose includes sneezing and runny nose for no apparent reason. The symptoms of non-allergic rhinitis are similar to the symptoms of allergic rhinitis but show no signs of allergic symptoms. This condition is believed to occur when blood flow to the nose increases, resulting in swelling and increased mucus in the nose.
Runny nose or gestational rhinitis
Some pregnant women may experience a runny nose without any previous history of allergy infection or nasal problems. As we explained in the section on pregnancy and complete wet baby, other symptoms such as nasal congestion and sneezing also occur.
Hormonal changes, estrogen, and progesterone during this period can exacerbate runny nose and cause inflammation and increased mucus production.
These symptoms are usually more common in the third trimester of pregnancy but usually improve after a short time after delivery.
Viral infections such as colds and flu attack the tissues of the nose and throat. The nose also produces more mucus to respond to these conditions to wash and trap viral components.
As a result, a runny nose continues in the form of a clean, transparent liquid. In addition to runny nose, there are common symptoms caused by viral infections, such as:
- Sore throat
- body pain
The symptoms often recur, and how long they last depend on the virus that caused the infection but usually has a runny nose in most viral infections.
A runny nose due to a cold can last between 10 and 14 days, but most symptoms usually last an average of 3 to 7 days. Of course, fatigue and coughing may last for more than two weeks.
Other symptoms of nasal polyps include:
- Nasal congestion
- Decreased sense of smell, taste
- Pain and pressure in the face
- It’s a headache.
Sometimes your doctor will prescribe regular medication to help you heal, but surgery may be needed if the medication is not helpful.
Foreign body in the nose
A foreign object in the nose is more common, especially among children, and occurs when an object is stuck in the nose when it should not be inside the nose. The presence of objects such as cleansing patches inside the nose sensitizes the nasal tissue. It causes inflammation, resulting in a runny nose, which is usually more on one side of the nose where the body is.
A runny nose has a pure color but is sometimes accompanied by blood or other discharge and often has a foul odor.
The child then feels that his or her nasal passages are blocked and may also have headaches.
Cerebrospinal fluid leakage
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a clear fluid present in the brain and spinal cord and promotes health and protection of the body in these areas, providing nutrients and flushing out waste products. In some cases, cerebrospinal fluid may leak out of the brain, usually due to injury, trauma, or surgery.
Leakage of this fluid can also be a severe condition that you should see a doctor. In this case, clear water usually comes out of the nose and ears.
Other symptoms of cerebrospinal fluid leakage include:
- Headache when changing head position
- Sight, hearing problems
- The feeling of salinity in the mouth
- Stiffening of the neck.
- Runny nose and headache
Other causes of the runny nose include the following:
- Sinus infection
- Common cold
- Consume spicy foods
- Exposure to hot or cold weather
- Use over-the-counter medications such as nasal sprays or pills for more than three days
- Hormonal changes
- Lymph node enlargement
- Acute or chronic sinus disease
- Environmental or seasonal allergies
- Respiratory infection
- Dry weather
- Nasal septal deviation disease
A runny nose with fever and sinus pain is usually a sign of infection. If you have a bacterial sinus infection, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics.
When a runny nose is more than a cold and does not improve in a week or two and does not change with medication or stops for a while and then comes back, you probably have an infection or a blockage along the way. You have encountered nasal congestion.
The leading cause of runny nose
Factors that provoke runny nose also include the following:
It would help if you were careful about what foods runny nose increase right after eating. If this happens, you may have eaten spicy food or a scorching meal.
Taking some medications can cause a non-allergic runny nose. For example, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, ibuprofen, aspirin, beta-blockers, antidepressants, and overuse of nasal sprays.
Also, cigarette smoke, pollution, dust, chemical odors, climate change (e.g., changes in humidity), hormonal fluctuations due to pregnancy, menstruation, hyperthyroidism, and stress increase stress levels can cause a non-allergic runny nose. Create.
Drug treatment of runny nose
A typical runny nose has no specific treatment and medication, and the person must take care of himself. If these symptoms and problems persist and cause headaches and earaches, coughs, and other difficulties, you must see a doctor. The medication prescribed for a runny nose is usually dependent on the cause.
Some over-the-counter medications, such as nasal sprays, can be used to improve the runny nose, but you should never use these sprays for children under six years of age without your doctor’s permission.
Problems and difficulties associated with a runny nose
If the runny nose is persistent, it will cause difficulties for the person. As a result, this sensitivity and nasal congestion affect the quality of life.
Respiratory problems, especially in infants.
Severe or acute infections that, if left untreated, can worsen the runny nose.
Problems such as earache or even hearing loss.
Persistent runny nose
When to see a doctor?
If you have the following conditions, be sure to see a specialist.
- Symptoms lasting 10 days or more
- Runny nose that is accompanied by fever
- Yellow or green mucus with fever and sinus pain are signs of a bacterial infection.
- The presence of blood in nasal secretions
- Head injury due to persistent discharge
- Respiratory problems due to nasal congestion
Avoid taking antihistamines in the first days of a cold
Sneezing is a reaction to stimuli and a way for germs to come out of the nose. Sometimes we sneeze after sneezing, which has various causes.
Many of us try to stop our runny nose at this time, so we use antihistamines. But stopping runny nose with antihistamines has side effects that we have discussed in this section.
Why shouldn’t we stop a runny nose?
In the first two or three days of a cold, we should not use antihistamines to stop runny nose. We should allow the body to expel germs through a runny nose and its secretions, thus preventing the colonization of viruses in the device’s mucosa. Breathing is also prevented.
Taking antihistamines thickens the secretions of the respiratory tract and causes these secretions to stick. Concentrated and sticky secretions then block the sinuses from the nasal passages to the nose, causing the virus to grow further and colonize the bed.
If the nasal discharge was thick, do not use antihistamines at all. Still, if the discharge is thin, you should make this discharge a thicker consistency by consuming semi-concentrated barley soup with lentils and mung beans, coriander leaves and seeds, plums and barberry, and a little turnip. Avoid access to the middle ear or lower ducts and air sacs of the lungs.
Side effects of taking antihistamines:
- Taking antihistamines can cause drowsiness.
- Excessive use of antihistamines will cause dizziness.
- In some people, taking antihistamines can cause abdominal pain, nausea, and indigestion.
- Excessive and arbitrary use of antihistamines can cause seizures and increase seizures.
- Overdose and high doses of antihistamines cause visual and auditory hallucinations.
- Other antihistamines symptoms include redness of the face, shortness of breath, sleep disturbances, and restlessness.
- People who take antihistamines regularly have difficulty thinking and making decisions.
- Long-term use of antihistamines increases appetite and obesity.
- Other side effects of overuse of antihistamines include increased and thickening of the mucous membranes and a feeling of congestion and headache.
- Arbitrary use of antihistamines can cause eye problems.
- Other side effects of antihistamines include dry mouth, nose, and throat.
- Arbitrary use of antihistamines leads to increased skin sensitivity to sunlight, high and rapid heart rate, and hoarseness.
Drug interaction of antihistamines:
Antihistamines interact with sleeping pills, sedatives, and muscle relaxants, so you should consult your doctor before taking them.
People who should not take antihistamines:
People with conditions such as urinary incontinence, asthma, emphysema or chronic bronchitis, thyroid disease, heart disease, kidney or liver disease, and high blood pressure should not take antihistamines.
The best ways to deal with a runny nose
- The best way to deal with a runny nose is to remove the material inside the nose by taking the nose and removing the mucus or the same materials and contents inside the nose. This prevents viruses and bacteria from entering the sinuses. Then wipe your nose regularly with a clean, soft cloth.
- When you have a runny nose, drink hot drinks to expel the accumulated material inside the nose. Consumption of thyme infusion with a teaspoon of honey and water of half a lemon helps treat runny nose because thyme is rich in phenols and has strong antiviral properties. You can also incense thyme and clean your nose thoroughly.
- Nasal sprays and cleansing serums are two useful substances that clean and open the nasal passages. Then spray on each of the nostrils and empty your nose immediately.
Or pour a little salt in half to a cup of lukewarm water and dissolve. Using a dropper, pour this household serum into your nostrils and repeat this six times to clear your nostrils of secretions and impurities.
- Strengthen your immune system by paying attention to your nutrition. Take vitamin C pills because they contain antioxidants and strengthen the immune system.
- If you have a runny nose by breathing in cold weather, cover your nose, mouth, and throat before leaving the house.