Wednesday , January 19 2022

Pain management; Know everything you need to know

Pain is an emotion we all experience, but managing pain is not as easy as thinking. Although this feeling is one of the most common symptoms of this disease, it is often not adequately understood and treated. This is because each person’s experience is different. This article will look at the most common types of pain and suggest ways to manage them. Stay with us.

 

What is meant by pain management?

Pain management means controlling, reducing, or relieving pain, which can be simple or complex depending on the cause of the pain. A wide range of skills and techniques are used to treat patient’s pain, e.g.

 

Therapeutic interventions;

Drug use;

Physiotherapy;

Psychological counseling;

Acupuncture;

Referrals to other specialists

Types of pain

Pain management by knowing the kind of pain

 

Pain is a general term that can describe any unpleasant or annoying feeling in the body. There are different types and causes of pain, but in terms of pain management, it can be divided into eight general groups:

 

  1. Acute pain

This type of pain starts suddenly and lasts for a short time, for example, a few minutes, a few hours, a few days, and sometimes 1 or 2 months. These are usually the causes of acute pain:

 

Bone fracture;

car accident;

Fall;

Burns or cuts;

Dental procedures;

giving birth;

surgery.

2. Chronic pain

Chronic pain bothers the patient for more than six months and is felt most days during this period. This pain may start as acute pain but persists long after the initial injury or complication has healed. Chronic pain can be mild or severe and is usually caused by:

 

Osteoarthritis;

backache;

Cancer;

Vascular problems;

Diabetes;

Muscle tissue pain;

Headache.

 

Chronic pain can significantly impact a person’s quality of life and prevent them from working and doing physical activity. In some people, this can lead to depression or social isolation.

 

  1. Sudden pain

Sudden pain occurs in people who take painkillers to reduce chronic pain from osteoarthritis or cancer but experience a sudden and slight increase in pain. This type of pain is also known as wave pain and can be caused by exercise or physical activity, cough, illness, stress, or between doses of painkillers. This pain is usually very severe, and the site of pain is no different from the initial site of chronic pain.

 

  1. Bone pain

This pain is an allergy or discomfort in one or more bones during activity or rest. Bone pain is usually caused by a disease or complication that affects the structure or function of the bone, such as:

 

Cancer;

Failure, fracture;

Infection;

Leukemia;

Mineral deficiency;

Sickle cell anemia;

Osteoporosis.

Many pregnant women may also experience pelvic bone pain.

 

  1. Nervous pain

Nerve pain is caused by damage or inflammation of the nerves. This pain is usually described as penetrating pain such as burning or cutting pain. Some people consider this pain an electric shock, and it is generally felt more at night.

 

Nerve pain can severely disrupt a person’s life and affect sleep, work, and physical activity. This type of pain is usually sensitive to cold and is exacerbated by the slightest contact.

 

Common causes of nerve pain include:

 

Alcoholism;

Damage to the brain, nerves, or spinal cord;

Cancer;

Vascular problems;

Diabetes;

Amputation;

Stroke;

Vitamin B12 deficiency

 

  1. Imaginary pain

Imaginary pain is joint in people who have lost part of their bodies. In this type of pain, the person feels pain from an organ that no longer exists. Doctors believed that this pain had psychological roots in the past, but now they have realized that it has roots in the spinal cord and brain. This pain usually goes away over time, but imaginary pain is difficult for many people to manage.

 

  1. Soft tissue pain

This pain or burning is caused by damage or inflammation to muscles, tissues, or tendons. Soft tissue pain is usually accompanied by swelling or bruising and is often caused by:

 

Back or neck pain;

Inflammation of the joint sacs;

Muscle tissue pain;

Injury to shoulder joints;

Chair pain;

Sports injuries such as sprains or strains.

 

  1. Referral pain

This pain is felt in a specific area but is caused by damage or inflammation to another location or organ. For example:

During a heart attack, reference pain is felt in the neck, left shoulder, and right lower arm.

 

Injury or inflammation of the pancreas is usually felt as persistent pain in the upper abdomen and extends to the back.

 

Pain in the spleen is felt behind the shoulder.

The referred pain is that a network of peripheral nerves travels to different tissues. Injuries to one area of ​​the network can be misinterpreted by the brain and seen from another site.

 

Identify the type of pain.

Sometimes it can be challenging to diagnose the type of pain accurately. Using a list, you can identify the kind of pain and other details.

 

Drug-free pain control methods

There are many non-pharmacological ways to manage pain. Usually, a combination of these treatments is more effective. Below are some examples of non-pharmacological methods.

 

Cold or heat: Apply a cold compress immediately after the injury to reduce inflammation. Warm compresses are better for lowering joint muscle pain.

 

Exercise therapy: Walking, exercise, aerobics, and strength training can help reduce pain and boost mood. It is better to go slowly and do not overdo it.

 

Massage: This treatment is suitable for soft tissue injuries and should not be done for joint pain. There is evidence that massage is an excellent way to control pain, but it should not be used for long.

 

Stress management and relaxation techniques: Meditation and yoga fall into this category.

 

Cognitive-behavioral therapy: This type of psychological therapy can help you change the way you think, feel, and behave in the face of pain. This method is essential for managing chronic pain.

 

 

Acupuncture: This method is derived from traditional Chinese medicine, and the purpose of acupuncture is to insert thin needles into specific areas of the skin. The goal is to balance the body and increase its healing power by creating natural painkillers (endorphins).

 

Acupuncture reduces the severity of pain in some people and allows them to perform the necessary activities. However, research on the effect of this method on pain management has not reached a specific conclusion.

 

Shock therapy: This method causes a relaxing response of the body by passing weak currents of electricity through the skin. Not enough research has been done to prove the effectiveness of shock therapy, but some people who suffer from chronic pain have reduced the bother with this method.

Always consult your doctor to choose the best treatment.

 

Many people use painkillers to reduce their pain. Types of housing include:

 

Paracetamol: This drug is the first suggested option for short-term pain management.

Aspirin: Aspirin relieves mild to moderate pain (such as menstrual cramps or headaches) and reduces fever.

 

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): Used to reduce pain and inflammation, such as ibuprofen.

Drugs such as codeine, morphine, and oxycodone control pain and severe pain in cancer patients.

 

Topical anesthetics (drops, sprays, creams, or injections): Used when nerves are easily accessible.

 

Some antidepressants and anticonvulsants are used for certain types of pain, such as nerve pain.

 

Important points about the use of housing

To control pain, take even over-the-counter medications with caution, and always try to consult your doctor before taking any medication. In general, we suggest that you consider the following:

 

Do not take painkillers during pregnancy without consulting your doctor. Some of these drugs are passed through the placenta to the fetus and are dangerous to the fetus.

Older people need to be more careful, as they may have more side effects. For example, taking aspirin for chronic pain, such as osteoarthritis, can cause severe bleeding from a stomach ulcer.

 

When buying over-the-counter painkillers, talk to your pharmacist about your other medications and choose a drug that does not interfere with other medications and does not pose a risk to you.

 

Do not take more than one prescription drug without consulting your doctor or pharmacist. This can cause drug poisoning. For example, many cold and flu medications contain paracetamol, and you should be careful not to take other medicines that contain paracetamol.

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