What is intestinal obstruction, and how is it treated?

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Intestinal obstruction can be treated with home remedies and traditional medicines, which most people prefer to use home remedies and traditional medicines.

Your intestines are about eight and a half meters long, which means that the food you eat must pass through the intestines before being digested. Muscle contractions cause food to be pushed forward, and if a person has a neurological or muscular problem, their movements become weak or blocked, resulting in poor bowel function.

Bowel obstruction is due to small bowel movements, or obstruction is a medical term. This disease prevents the passage of any food, drink through the intestine, and this problem may occur after surgery, and you should know that there are various reasons for this disease’s occurrence. Intestinal obstruction is a primary concern because after this problem occurs, people do not know they have an intestinal obstruction and, as a result, continue to eat, which safely causes food to accumulate.

The bowel may contract to the point of rupture due to this organ’s contents, which has many bacteria that can reach other parts of the body. In the case of intestinal obstruction, it should be treated immediately.

Symptoms of intestinal obstruction:

  • Muscle cramps
  • Loss of appetite
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Constipation
  • Swelling of the abdomen
  • nausea

In such cases, the person’s abdomen fills with gas that can not come out of the anus, and as a result, your abdomen becomes stiff and swollen.

If you experience such symptoms after surgery, be sure to see your doctor.

What are the causes of intestinal obstruction?

Bowel obstruction after surgery is a common occurrence, often prescribed to calm bowel movements, in which case your bowel may not be blocked entirely, but its movement is not correct and complete, resulting in digestive movements and movement in the bowel. I do not have. Examples of these drugs that cause this problem are:

  • Hydromorphone
  • Morphine
  • Oxy Sudan
  • Tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline and imipramine

Other causes of intestinal obstruction include:

  • Colon cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Diuretics
  • Parkinson’s disease, which affects the muscles and nerves of the gut
  • These symptoms are prevalent in adults and intestinal absorption problems in children.

Risk factors for intestinal obstruction

Bowel obstruction is expected in the first 30 days after surgery, especially if your surgery involves the abdomen. Gastrointestinal surgery involves the upper part of the intestine, which determines its movements and damages a person’s intestines.

 Medications that can aggravate this condition, including:

  • Electrolyte imbalances, such as those involving potassium and calcium
  • History of intestinal injury
  • History of intestinal disorders
  • Infectious poisoning
  • Arterial diseases
  • Rapid weight loss
  • With age, bowel movements naturally slow down, and the chance of bowel obstruction increases.

How is intestinal obstruction diagnosed?

Your doctor will first examine your signs and symptoms and then ask about your medical history and prescribe surgery or medication.

He or she will then examine you and look at the bulges and stiffness of your abdomen, as well as listen to bowel movements through a stethoscope.

X-rays, CT scans, and ultrasounds are also used to diagnose the problem, inject barium sulfate into the anus, and use x-rays to control bowel movements.

What are the problems after intestinal obstruction?

Intestinal obstruction can be a great danger to a person’s life and should be treated as soon as possible.

Two of the most severe problems after bowel obstruction are:

The tissue of death

This problem is known as cell death or tissue death, which stops blood flow to the intestines, and if oxygen does not reach the intestines, oxygen is not transferred, and the intestines die. Dead tissue blocks the intestinal wall and increases the chance of rupture of the intestine and leakage of its contents, and this problem can cause the perforation of this organ.

Inflammation of the peritoneum

The intestinal perforation mentioned above can cause peritoneal inflammation, a severe inflammation caused by bacteria and fungi. This organ contains a bacterium called E. coli, which can cause organ failure if there is a problem with intestinal obstruction.

Can intestinal obstruction be prevented?

Most intestinal obstruction problems, such as chronic illness and injury, are not preventable, but knowing the treatments or symptoms of intestinal obstruction can prevent it from worsening.

Home treatment of intestinal obstruction

Treatment of this disease depends on its cause because the most common cause of this disease is due to surgery.

Treatment options include the following:

medicines :

Opioids that cause constipation, and therefore, laxatives should be included in this substance.

Pipe:

These narrow tubes pass through the nose and into the abdomen. They release trapped fluids and gases inside the abdomen and reduce pressure and relieve pain and nausea.

surgery:

The surgeon can remove the damaged and blocked parts of the bowel or slightly dilate the bowel with incisions and stitches.

Fluid Therapy:

Your doctor or nurse will inject medicines into your intestines to relieve constipation.

Treatment of partial mechanical intestinal obstruction

If the intestine’s mechanical obstruction is minor and food and fluids pass through it to some extent, the patient does not need any treatment other than hospitalization. The doctor prescribes a low-fiber diet for these patients to facilitate digestion and intestinal absorption.

Treatment of complete mechanical intestinal obstruction

Surgery can be helpful if no food passes through the bowel, and the bowel is completely blocked. During surgery, the protruding part of the intestine or any part of it that is dead or damaged is removed. The doctor uses an extensive metal stent inserted into the large intestine through an endoscope through the mouth or colon and opens the colon with it. These metal stents are used in people with colon cancer and so on.

Treatment of crippling intestinal obstruction

If your disease’s cause is crippling ileus, the problem will get better on its own, but if the crippling ileus does not heal within a few days, your doctor will prescribe medication to ease the food the intestinal muscles.

Medications that relieve stomach and intestinal upset include the following:

  • Anti-nausea drugs
  • Painkillers for pain relief
  • Antibiotics to fight infection
  • Change your diet and lifestyle.

Dietary changes include the following:

  • Eat less food
  • Chew food more and more
  • Avoid high-fiber foods such as whole grains.
  • Decreased caffeine that affects the intestines
  • Avoid sticky foods such as dried meat or celery.
  • Peel fruits and vegetables for easier digestion
  • Focus on moisturizing foods such as sauces

Lifestyle changes also include:

  • Practice more
  • Keep the body moist
  • Reducing stress
  • Quit smoking
  • Do not drink alcohol.

People after bowel obstruction surgery may experience the following problems, including:

  • Intestinal adhesions
  • Intestinal paralysis
  • Nerve damage
  • Short bowel syndrome in which part of the bowel is missing or not working properly
  • Disability of one of the limbs or death in the most severe cases

Home treatment of intestinal obstruction

Chamomile:

Chamomile properties include treating swelling, helping digestion, treating irritable bowel syndrome, treating bloating and bloating, and more.

Therefore, this plant’s use of red sugar is one of the home remedies for this disease.

Also, topical application of chamomile oil on the abdomen (intestines and stomach) can be useful, which can be done once a day and every 3 hours.

Figs:

To treat digestive problems, you can boil 14 figs and then drink its juice.

Red flower:

 Drink 3 cups of rose and mustard tea daily. This tea is vibrant, so talk to your doctor before consuming it.

Bitter almond oil:

Another way to treat this disease is to eat a combination of bitter almond oil (about a tablespoon) and boiling water.

Spinach:

Use spinach to treat constipation because it is a laxative and helps treat the small intestine’s inflammation and cure colon cancer.

Flaxseed and olive oil:

Use flaxseed and olive oil to cure this disease.

Treatment of intestinal obstruction in traditional medicine:

  • Drink chamomile tea
  • Rub chamomile oil from the stomach to the navel
  • Consumption of senna tea
  • Eat dried figs
  • Rub the groin with a mixture of chamomile and ostrich oil
  • walking
  • Sit in a pool of hot water
  • Consumption of castor oil

Intestinal obstruction in children:

It can affect people of any age, from infancy to old age, but the cause of intestinal obstruction in children is congenital abnormalities in the intestines’ structure. In these babies, the intestinal tract is sticky or narrow, or closed so that the baby will experience vomiting and bloating in the first days of life. Physician treatment is the problem of intestinal adhesions and clogging in surgical children.

Also Read:

All Symptoms Of Kidney Stones And Treatment Methods

Causes Of Pancreatitis And Its Home Treatment

Symptoms Of Intestinal Adhesions And Their Treatment

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