Medical

How do wisdom teeth erupt and when can they be extracted?

Wisdom teeth extraction is common today, but what is the cause of this problem and what are the consequences of not removing wisdom teeth?

Wisdom teeth are the last set of mill teeth. These are the widest teeth that grind food. Our jaws have also changed over time due to changes in diet, according to some.

Intelligence has nothing to do with wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth are called that because they usually grow old. They are located at the back of the mouth behind other teeth. As an adult, you will have two teeth on top and two on bottom as part of a complete set of 32 teeth.

Wisdom teeth can sometimes be valuable assets for the mouth if intact and in line with other teeth, but they are not always in the right position and must be removed.

Wisdom teeth can also be impacted. The partial growth of wisdom teeth provides a perfect breeding ground for bacteria to surround the tooth and cause infection. Due to their improper position, semi-impacted teeth are more prone to tooth decay and gum disease.

When do wisdom teeth come in?

They appear at different ages. Third mills typically appear between the ages of 17 and 21, during late adolescence or early adulthood. Some people’s wisdom teeth come out sooner and some later.

When wisdom teeth need to be extracted, it is easier to do so at an early age. Although you may not be able to do this later, when you are younger, the bones around your gums become softer and the nerve roots inside your mouth are not fully developed. This makes it easier to extract your teeth. If you wait longer, it will be harder and more painful to remove them.

 

Do we all have wisdom teeth?

Wisdom teeth typically appear between late adolescence and early adulthood. However, some people lack wisdom teeth.

Why do some people lack wisdom teeth?

The x-ray of a tooth can reveal if you have the teeth of the third largest mill. It may seem strange to not have wisdom teeth, and you may think your oral health is an issue. However, the absence of these teeth does not pose a problem.

Genetics may play a role in the absence of these teeth, but no cause has been identified. Thus, if one of your parents does not have a wisdom tooth, you might not have one either. The environment, diet, and chewing function can also affect wisdom tooth deficiency.

However, just because you cannot see your wisdom teeth does not mean they do not exist. Wisdom teeth can also become stuck in the gums. As a result, they don’t fully emerge.

Why do we need wisdom teeth?

Wisdom teeth are often extracted because the mouth can only accommodate 28 teeth. Overcrowding can occur if all four of your wisdom teeth enter and lead to 32 teeth. What is the purpose of wisdom teeth, since the mouth can only hold 28 teeth?

Some people believe that wisdom teeth served as a substitute for our ancestors. We eat foods that are softer today, and most people keep good oral hygiene. This reduces the risk of tooth loss.

They may have gum and tooth problems like tooth decay or tooth loss because they ate a variety of foods (which were not as soft as our food) and did not take care of their teeth. It is likely that the wisdom tooth serves as an extra tooth to aid in chewing. Today, wisdom teeth are rarely used and often cause more harm than good.

Should you brush your wisdom teeth?

Nowadays, almost all young people undergo oral surgery to remove wisdom teeth. However, this is not always necessary.

You are not required to brush a growing wisdom tooth, especially if it is in your mouth. Nevertheless, some people choose to pull their wisdom teeth even when they do not cause any problems. Some people wait until they are in pain before they seek removal.

Although you may not feel pain in your wisdom teeth, that does not mean there is no problem. The teeth may be trapped or impacted. These teeth cannot leave the jaw and enter the mouth. Perhaps your mouth is too small and there is no room for them or they will grow towards other teeth. This can damage neighboring teeth.

Some dentists remove common sense teeth to prevent further problems. The bones in your mouth become stronger as you age. It becomes harder to pull teeth as you age. You may experience problems after surgery, such as heavy bleeding and broken teeth, severe anesthesia, and a slight loss of jaw movement if you wait. However, these problems may only last for a few days or may last for the rest of your life.

The longer you wait to remove these teeth, the more likely you are to require surgery. Wisdom teeth usually cause problems if they are left in the mouth for a long period of time.

Common wisdom tooth complications include:

An erupted wisdom tooth is commonly accompanied by pain in the back of the mouth. The pain is often mild and intermittent. The gums behind the mouth may ache for a few days before subsiding. The pain can, however, gradually increase to a point where it becomes difficult to chew or talk. The pain is often caused by the pressure that the tooth exerts on the nerves in the mouth.

Along with pain, signs of wisdom tooth growth include redness or swelling around the third millimeter teeth.

Tooth impaction Sometimes the jawbone and other teeth prevent wisdom teeth from coming out, and these teeth get stuck below the gum line. This causes severe pain in the mouth. Other symptoms of impacted wisdom teeth include pain around the teeth of the large mill, but no sign of the tooth erupting. A cyst may also form on the back of your mouth.

As wisdom teeth grow, bacteria can get trapped in the gums and cause an oral infection. The symptoms of such an infection include pain, redness, swelling, jaw sensitivity, bad breath, and bad taste.

Food can also get stuck in the gums around the teeth of the third millennium. As a result, cavities may form on the growing tooth. Wisdom teeth may also decay because there is not enough space for brushing or flossing.

If there is not enough room in the mouth for wisdom teeth, other teeth may move. Misaligned teeth or crooked teeth can result from this.

What should be done when wisdom teeth are extracted?

When wisdom teeth cause problems or radiographs indicate that they will cause problems in the future, they should be removed.

When there are obvious signs of disease or problems, wisdom teeth should usually be extracted. Reasons include:

  • Infection or decay
  • abnormal tissue
  • Damage to adjacent teeth
  • Loss of bone around the roots
  • Makes it difficult to brush and floss around the teeth

Among the other reasons to remove them are:

This extra set of large mill teeth can put pressure on other teeth and cause mouth pain and biting problems (which cause teeth not to overlap).

Cysts can form around new teeth after a jaw injury. Untreated, these cysts can damage nerves and empty the jaw.

Wisdom tooth problems can cause sinus pain, pressure, and clogged sinuses.

For a diagnosis, your dentist examines the shape of your mouth and the position of your teeth. Your age is also important.

In some cases, dentists recommend removing these teeth as a precaution, as they may cause problems in the future.

Researchers and public health professionals, however, do not agree that wisdom tooth extraction is a good idea. You can ask another specialist if your dentist recommends it and you are not sure about it.

You can ask your dentist to explain what you see about your teeth if you’re not ready to part with your large mill teeth yet. Often, you can wait a few months before making a decision to see if things have changed.

How are wisdom teeth removed?

The relative ease of removing wisdom teeth depends on their position and stage of development. Your dentist can inform you of their condition and what to expect.

Wisdom teeth can be easily extracted from other teeth if they have been completely removed from the gums. The wisdom tooth, located under the gums and inside the jawbone, requires an incision in the gums and the removal of the bone that surrounds it. To minimize the amount of bone needed to remove a tooth in this state, the tooth is often broken into small pieces instead of being pulled all at once.

What happens when wisdom teeth are extracted?

In order to extract wisdom teeth, the teeth and surrounding tissue are anesthetized locally with anesthetic (the same type used to anesthetize teeth before fillings).

You may also need sedatives to control any anxiety, in addition to local anesthesia to relieve pain. Selective sedatives may include nitrous oxide or oral sedatives (such as valium) or intravenous sedatives.

Extraction of wisdom teeth can be simple.
The way a dentist removes a tooth depends on its distance from the gums. A dentist can remove a tooth completely if it has come out of the gums. Your gums may be anesthetized and then a stronger anesthetic may be placed in that area with a needle. Using tweezers that look like pliers, they loosen the tooth with an alveolar and then extract it. The dentist will then clean the area and apply a bandage to stop the bleeding.

Wisdom tooth extraction by surgery
If your tooth is still below the gum line, you will probably need to have it surgically removed. During the operation, you may be given sleeping pills so you won’t feel pain and won’t remember much. After cleaving the gums, the surgeon removes the tooth bone to reach the root. It may be necessary to cut the tooth to make the cavity as small as possible.

As a result of the medication, you may be confused after surgery. Depending on whether part of the bone was removed, you may be able to manage your pain with over-the-counter medications or your surgeon may prescribe stronger painkillers.

Recovery after wisdom tooth extraction
Your recovery time after a wisdom tooth extraction depends on the difficulty of removing the tooth (simple extraction of a tooth that has come out completely versus a tooth that is embedded in the jawbone).

In the first 24 hours

after the tooth is extracted, there may be bleeding. Place a clean, damp piece of gauze over the tooth cavity and bite and squeeze it firmly to control it. You can also use a damp tea bag. Tea contains tannic acid, which helps blood clot. Repeat this procedure if bleeding persists. If bleeding persists, consult your doctor.

Up to 24 hours after tooth extraction, do not rinse or spit. Avoid activities such as sucking (do not drink or smoke) and hot liquids (such as coffee or soup). In this way, the clots peel off and form a dry cavity.

Typically, the face swells where the tooth is extracted. To minimize swelling, wrap a piece of ice in a cloth and place it on the affected area for ten minutes, then remove it and repeat for 20 minutes. Repeat this procedure during the first 24 hours after tooth extraction.

Mild pain can be treated with painkillers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Your dentist may prescribe stronger painkillers if necessary.

The antibiotics prescribed before tooth extraction (to treat an infection around the wisdom tooth to be removed) should be taken until the end of the prescription.

Until all anesthesia is gone, the diet should be restricted to liquids. Have soft foods for a few days. Do not drink alcohol if you are taking painkillers.

Continue brushing but do not brush for the first 24 hours. After the second day, gently brush your teeth again. Commercial mouthwashes may irritate the extracted tooth area, so avoid them.

 

After 24 hours

After 24 hours of ice treatment, swelling of the face in the area of tooth extraction should be treated with heat. Apply a warm, damp towel alternately to your face for 20 minutes and then remove it for 20 minutes. If necessary, do this. Swelling usually peaks 2 to 3 days after surgery.

Before meals and before going to bed, rinse your mouth with warm salt water (half a teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water). Do not use commercial mouthwashes unless your dentist recommends them.

If stitches are used and they are not soluble, they should be removed by a doctor within about a week. Ask what kind of stitches you received if you need them.

Check your mouth for signs of dryness. It should be treated by a doctor.

Recovery from tooth extraction can take several weeks to several months. It usually improves in the first week or two, so that the extraction area in the mouth is easy to use.

Among the most common complications after wisdom tooth removal are:

Extraction of the upper teeth may damage the sinuses, the air cavities under the eyes, during surgery. If the blood clot disappears too soon and the nerves and bones are empty, a painful condition called a dry cavity can develop. This can occur during both simple tooth extractions and surgical procedures.

It is a common complication that occurs when a blood clot does not form in the extracted tooth cavity or if the clot separates. The healing process is delayed in the absence of clot formation. Dry cavities usually form within three or four days after tooth extraction and are accompanied by pain (from mild to moderate pain) and bad breath. These complications are treated by placing medicine in the cavity.

The surgeon may damage some nerves in rare cases when pulling the lower teeth. Wisdom teeth trapped in the jawbone are usually near the nerves. The nerves may be damaged during extraction. This results in numbness of the tongue, lips, and chin, which can last for days, weeks, or even months.

When to call a doctor

If:

  • You are having trouble breathing or swallowing
  • The bleeding does not stop in a day or two or the pain persists for a week or more
  • You have a swollen face or jaw for more than a few days
  • while you are feverish
  • and feel dirty or smell bad

Result:

Not everyone has wisdom teeth. Thus, if you don’t have a third millimeter tooth, you can avoid pulling these teeth. But if you have wisdom teeth but they do not cause problems, see your dentist regularly to check their condition and recommend extraction if necessary.

If you have a toothache or wisdom tooth, see a dentist. In case of pain or other problems, your dentist will recommend removing them.

Wisdom tooth extraction is more difficult as we age. So get rid of those annoying teeth sooner if you have a problem.

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