Many parents give their children various supplements to help their child grow and strengthen his mind. Children, like adults, need vitamins and minerals. If you follow the principles of proper nutrition and use a variety of fresh foods, you no longer need to use supplements. Supplements are not food, but if you are deficient in vitamins, you should use them for your baby to grow better. But what supplements should we give the child if needed? Is there a specific way to take supplements? Should a doctor monitor a child taking supplements?
Do children need vitamin supplements as well?
Children over one year old do not need supplements if they have a healthy and balanced diet. Still, infants sometimes need accessories such as vitamin D. Your baby’s diet should include plenty of fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, and protein.
Reason for taking supplements in children:
If your baby’s diets do not provide all the vitamins and minerals your baby needs, your baby will need supplements. Children under the age of five may have iodine deficiency, iron deficiency, and vitamin A and D deficiency, so it is essential to give your child supplements that provide these nutrients for better growth.
Which children need supplements:
- Children who follow a vegetarian diet and do not eat meat or dairy
- In children with intestinal problems, cancer, bladder infections, these diseases affect the absorption of minerals from food and increase the child’s need for minerals.
- Children with a history of surgery
- Food-sensitive and malnourished children who do not consume certain foods
Supplements your baby needs to grow:
As we have said, some supplements are essential for the better and more complete development of children, so your child specialist will prescribe them. Supplements include:
Vitamin AD supplement
Children from the age of 15 days should take vitamin AD supplements in drops. If you do not accept this supplement, children will suffer from malnutrition and subsequent problems.
Vitamin A effectively strengthens eyesight, creates white and red blood cells, increases the immune system’s efficiency against diseases, and facilitates the transfer of iron from storage sources to red blood cells. This vitamin has a strengthening effect on the mucosa and is effective for the growth of children. The amount of vitamin A from the day of birth should be given 25 drops per day at the same time as the drops of vitamins A and D. From 6 months onwards, this vitamin should be taken as a multivitamin drop and a maximum of 25 slides.
Iron is prescribed to prevent anemia and vulnerability to infections and improve learning and memory disorders, especially in children with anemia, increasing energy and ability, improving weakness, dryness, and muscle cramps.
A typical baby weighs 75 milligrams of iron per kilogram at birth, two-thirds of which are stored in red blood cells and the rest as ferritin in the liver, bone marrow, and spinal cord is no need to receive iron during this period.
From the end of six months with the start of feeding until the end of 24 months, normal-weight infants should consume 12.5 mg of primary iron daily. Babies weighing less than 2,500 grams need 12.5 mg of iron a day if they reach 5 kg by the end of 24 months. Iron drops should not be taken with milk or tea. It should be consumed from one year onwards with various fruit juices, especially orange juice and sweet lemon juice, to better absorb iron.
Manganese is another micronutrient needed by the body in the composition of some supplements. This element, which is effective in the child’s growth, is effective in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates and the formation of connective tissue of bone and cartilage.
One of the elements of the immune system function in wound healing, strengthening the sense of smell, sight, taste, normal cell division, growth during pregnancy, childhood, and puberty, skin health, nail formation, and its strength and strengthening it and preventing colds, Diarrhea, vomiting, and asthma are involved. This element is prescribed as zinc sulfate or gluconate, which should be used 5 ml a day after meals.
B vitamins effectively metabolism, increase the body’s energy, relieve fatigue, form red blood cells, and strengthen the nervous system and memory. Their deficiency causes weakness of nerves and skin disorders, reducing the number of red blood cells and anemia.
Vitamin C is one of the body’s essential vitamins that makes the body resistant to diseases and safe. 50 to 200 mg of this vitamin is present in multivitamin syrups, and excess vitamin C is excreted in the urine. Children’s bodies cannot store this vitamin, so they should take supplements of this vitamin.
Multivitamins increase growth and development, increase energy and appetite in children, strengthen and grow long bones, combat osteoporosis, healthy gums, and baby teeth, strengthen the immune system, increase resistance to infections, and strengthen the system’s skin health, hair, and nails.
Drops and supplements available in the market:
In addition to what we have introduced in most supplements, there are some common medicines for strengthening children that are used according to the needs of the child and the doctor’s diagnosis, supplements such as:
Sulfate on size
This syrup has a good smell and taste that the child can consume because the smell and taste of zinc metal in this product is controlled. This drop contains 5 mg of zinc per 5 ml or one serving. Give your child one serving (5 mg) of this supplement daily. If your child is deficient in copper, this supplement should not be taken as it can cause or reduce copper problems.
These chewable pills contain daily vitamins and minerals for children 4 to 12 years old and strengthen the child’s immune system and mental and physical development. This multivitamin is beneficial for hyperactive children. Children 4 to 12 years old should chew one chewable tablet daily with food.
Excessive consumption of iron-containing products can cause severe poisoning in children under six years of age. Children under four years of age should not use this pill.
These multivitamins, which contain vitamins E, 12B, C, folic acid, L-lysine, zinc, iron, magnesium, and selenium, help strengthen the respiratory system and reduce the severity of symptoms caused by diseases and infections of the respiratory system. This multivitamin should not be taken too much. Children one to four years old should take a full teaspoon twice a day.
This multivitamin contains large amounts of iron, zinc, calcium, lysine, folic acid, panthenol, niacinamide, vitamin C, vitamin B complex, manganese, and copper. It contains 100% natural orange extract with a pleasant taste and smell. Children and infants can take 2.5 ml of this multivitamin daily. Avoid taking too much of this vitamin.
These drops contain vitamins C, E, 3B, 2B, 1B, 6B, A, folic acid, and 3D, which increase the strength of the immune system, improve nervous system function, strengthen the nervous system and blood circulation, and strengthen vision and cells. Children under one year of age should take 1 ml of this vitamin daily after meals, and children over one year of age should take 2 ml of this vitamin daily after meals.
This multivitamin contains fish oil, omega-3 essential fatty acids, vitamins D and E, which help with cardiovascular health, joints and bones, memory and brain function, and strengthen the immune system. Children 5 to 12 years old can eat daily. Consume 5 ml (one teaspoon) of this syrup. This vitamin is contraindicated in people who are allergic to seafood.
This syrup is good for brain health, concentration and memory, bone and tooth strength because it contains omega three and vitamins 6B, C, E, D, and A. This syrup in children 5 to 15 years old is two tablespoons of jam per day.
This syrup contains nine vitamins and calcium and can be used for three months without a doctor’s prescription. Children from one to five years old are recommended to use 5 ml twice a day. Children 6 years and older should also use 10 ml twice a day. This syrup is harmful to diabetic children.
Zinc plus juice
This syrup contains vitamins 2B, 6B, C, 1B, 21B, folic acid, biotin, niacin, and pantothenic acid, maintaining the skin, hair, nails and strengthening the mental and physical development of the child. Children from one to 7 years old can use this spoon of jam (5 ml) daily, and children from 7 to 13 years old can use this spoon of jam twice a day.
Do not supplement your child arbitrarily:
Many mothers arbitrarily give syrups or vitamin pills to strengthen their baby. Still, booster pills or syrups for each child should be prescribed according to age, conditions, and recommendations to determine the appropriate dietary supplement for each child. It is necessary to consult a doctor.