Abnormal bleeding, even without a small clot, indicates a disorder in the body. Low platelets or thrombocytopenia! Yes, this condition prevents blood from clotting after bleeding and is sometimes very dangerous and can lead to cancer. Follow this article to know more about this.
What are blood platelets?
In answer to what blood platelets are, we must say that platelets are an essential part of blood composition. They can repair tissue damage and play a crucial role in the blood clotting system, preventing bleeding and wound healing. Blood clots are also known as homeostasis.
Platelets are not visible to the naked eye. The bone marrow produces them, and they move in the bloodstream for an average of 10 days before destruction.
Decreased blood platelet count:
An abnormal platelet count is called thrombocytopenia. Platelets are the part of the blood that helps blood clot and stop bleeding.
Is Low Platelet Dangerous?
Decreased platelets in the blood are not always a serious problem. However, the disease affects blood’s ability to clot, in which case the wounds bleed profusely and can have serious consequences.
Is low blood platelets a sign of cancer?!
The question most people ask is, is low platelet count a sign of cancer? No, low platelets are not necessarily a sign of cancer! A cardiologist tries to find the cause of the low platelet count and treat it. Never prejudge yourself! Diagnosis is one of the essential steps in treatment, and remembers that this diagnosis is not the person himself’s responsibility!
Low platelet risks:
Blood platelets prevent blood from clotting and bleeding abnormally. In many cases, your doctor will try to identify and treat the cause of your platelet drop.
Unfortunately, there is no diagnostic test to determine the cause of low platelets, so you may need to be checked several times so your doctor can determine if thrombocytopenia is benign or a sign of underlying problems.
Cause of decreased blood platelets
You may be wondering what reduces platelets? Normal platelet counts range from 150,000 to 400,000 per microliter of blood. A platelet count of less than 150,000 is called thrombocytopenia and can affect the ability to donate platelets, and a platelet count below 10,000 is severe thrombocytopenia.
If the platelet count is significantly reduced, dangerous internal bleeding can occur. Thrombocytopenia can be inherited or caused by medication or other diseases.
Because platelet production occurs in the bone marrow, decreased platelet production is often associated with bone marrow problems.
Cause of low blood platelets:
- Decreased platelet production
- Platelet degradation increases
- Platelet blockage in the spleen increases
- Leukemia or lymphoma
- Some types of anemia (anemia)
- Chemotherapy drugs
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Viral infections (chickenpox, hepatitis C, AIDS virus, etc.)
Some of the symptoms of low platelet count include:
- Bloody vomiting
- Unreasonable bruising
- Red urine
- Bleeding from the nose or gums
- Increased body weakness
- Severe headaches
Blood platelet degradation:
Some diseases and medications can increase the rate at which platelets are destroyed or consumed faster than produced, leading to a lack of platelet in the bloodstream.
Blood type for platelet transfer
These blood groups can donate platelets:
AB + AB- O + A + B +
Normal blood platelet count:
The average number of blood platelets is 150 to 400 thousand per cubic millimeter of blood.
Low blood platelets in pregnancy:
Platelet depletion during pregnancy is often mild and usually improves shortly after delivery. Your doctor will probably monitor your platelet level to see if it continues to drop or stay the same. One way to increase platelets in pregnancy is to take blood platelet pills in pregnancy with a doctor’s prescription.
Autoimmune diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis can cause a decrease in platelets in the body.
This rare blood disorder causes tiny blood clots to form in the body. The formation of these clots leads to the consumption of platelets.
Uremic hemolytic syndrome
The disease affects the blood and blood vessels, destroys platelet and red blood cells, and causes kidney failure.
Reduction of blood platelets and removal of the spleen:
The spleen is a purple, wrist-sized organ located on the abdomen’s left side and below the chest. The spleen varies in size and shape but is usually 10 cm long. The spleen acts as a filter for blood and is skilled in it.
Treatment of anemia platelets:
A slight, asymptomatic decrease in platelet count may not require treatment. In cases that lead to physical complications, the doctor directly treats low blood platelets.
What foods increase platelet count?
Lean meats such as fish, chicken, and turkey are high in protein, zinc, and vitamin B12 and help increase platelet counts. Beans, spinach, asparagus, and oranges also contain vitamin B9 or folate, which helps increase platelet counts.
Medications such as heparin, quinine, and antiepileptic drugs can lower platelet counts. Sometimes drugs confuse the immune system and cause platelet damage.
Treatment for ITP may include the use of immunosuppressive drugs and pills. One of the blood platelet pills is a corticosteroid called prednisolone.
In severe cases, a blood transfusion may be needed. If the platelet count does not increase after one year, the surgeon removes the spleen, a spleen removal process. People who have severe or immediate symptoms of platelet deficiency can be treated with platelets.