Abnormal bleeding, even without a small clot, indicates a disorder in the body. Low platelets or thrombocytopenia! Yes, this condition prevents blood from clotting after bleeding and is sometimes very dangerous and can lead to cancer. Follow this article to know more about this.
What are blood platelets?
In order to answer the question of what blood platelets are, we must say they are an essential component of blood. They can repair tissue damage and play a crucial role in blood clotting, preventing bleeding and wound healing. Clots are also known as homeostasis.
Platelets cannot be seen with the naked eye. They are produced by the bone marrow and circulate in the bloodstream for 10 days before being destroyed.
Decreased blood platelet count:
Thrombocytopenia is an abnormally low platelet count. The platelets in the blood help clot and stop bleeding.
Is Low Platelet Dangerous?
Blood platelets are not always a serious problem. Unfortunately, the disease affects blood clotting, causing wounds to bleed profusely and result in serious complications.
Is low blood platelets a sign of cancer?!
Most people wonder if a low platelet count is a sign of cancer. The answer is no! A cardiologist attempts to identify the cause of the low platelet count and treat it. diagnosis is an essential step in treatment, and remember that this is not the person’s responsibility!
Low platelet risks:
Platelets prevent blood from clotting and bleeding abnormally. Your doctor will often try to identify the cause of your platelet drop and treat it.
There is no diagnostic test to determine the cause of low platelets, so your doctor may need to check you several times to determine if thrombocytopenia is benign or indicates underlying problems.
Cause of decreased blood platelets
Would you like to know what reduces platelets? The normal platelet count per microliter of blood is between 150,000 and 400,000. A platelet count of less than 150,000 is called thrombocytopenia, and a platelet count of less than 10,000 is severe thrombocytopenia.
Significantly low platelet counts can lead to dangerous internal bleeding. There are several causes of thrombocytopenia, including inherited diseases, medications, and other conditions.
As platelet production occurs in the bone marrow, bone marrow problems are often associated with decreased platelet production.
Cause of low blood platelets:
- Decreased platelet production
- Platelet degradation increases
- Platelet blockage in the spleen increases
- Leukemia or lymphoma
- Some types of anemia (anemia)
- Chemotherapy drugs
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Viral infections (chickenpox, hepatitis C, AIDS virus, etc.)
Some of the symptoms of low platelet count include:
- Bloody vomiting
- Unreasonable bruising
- Red urine
- Bleeding from the nose or gums
- Increased body weakness
- Severe headaches
Blood platelet degradation:
Certain diseases and medications can cause platelets to be destroyed or consumed faster than they are produced, leading to a lack of platelets in the blood.
Blood type for platelet transfer
These blood groups can donate platelets:
AB + AB- O + A + B +
Normal blood platelet count:
Blood platelets average 150 to 400 thousand per cubic millimeter of blood.
Low blood platelets in pregnancy:
Pregnancy-induced platelet depletion is usually mild and goes away shortly after delivery. You doctor will probably monitor your platelet level to see if it drops further or stays the same. Taking blood platelet pills with a prescription during pregnancy is one way to increase platelets.
There can be a decrease in platelets in the body due to autoimmune diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
The body forms tiny blood clots due to this rare blood disorder. Platelets are consumed during the formation of these clots.
Uremic hemolytic syndrome
The disease affects blood vessels, destroys platelets and red blood cells, and leads to kidney failure.
Reduction of blood platelets and removal of the spleen:
The spleen is a purple, wrist-sized organ located on the left side of the abdomen and below the chest. Spleens vary in size and shape, but are usually 10 cm long. The spleen filters blood and is skilled at it.
Treatment of anemia platelets:
Even a slight, asymptomatic decrease in platelet count may not require treatment. In cases of physical complications, the doctor treats low blood platelets directly.
What foods increase platelet count?
Fish, chicken, and turkey are high in protein, zinc, and vitamin B12 and increase platelet counts. Also, beans, spinach, asparagus, and oranges contain vitamin B9 or folate, which helps increase platelet counts.
Heparin, quinine, and antiepileptic drugs can lower platelet counts. Some drugs confuse the immune system and damage platelets.
Immunosuppressive drugs and pills can be used to treat ITP. The blood platelet pills contain a corticosteroid called prednisolone.
A blood transfusion may be necessary in severe cases. If the platelet count does not increase after one year, the surgeon may remove the spleen. Platelets can be given to people with severe or immediate symptoms of platelet deficiency.