Cause of heart attack and methods to prevent heart attack

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A heart attack occurs when blood flow to an area of ​​the heart is cut off for various reasons.

Cause of heart attack and methods to prevent it

A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked. Obstruction often causes fat, cholesterol, and other substances that block plaque in the arteries that feed the heart (coronary arteries). As the clot forms, blood flow to the heart can be damaged or destroyed.

A heart attack, called a myocardial infarction, can be fatal, but its treatment has improved dramatically over the years. If you think you have had a heart attack, call 115 or get emergency help.

Signs and symptoms of a heart attack include:

  • Pressure
  • Shortness of breath
  • the pain
  • Or a feeling of pressure in your chest or arms that may reach your neck, jaw, or back.
  • Nausea
  • Indigestion
  • Heartburn or abdominal pain
  • Cold sweat
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness or sudden dizziness

The symptoms of a heart attack are different, and not all people with a heart attack have the same symptoms or the same severity of symptoms. Some people have less pain; others have more severe pain.

Some people have no symptoms, but for others, the first sign may be a sudden heart attack. The more signs and symptoms, the more likely you are to have a heart attack.

Some heart attacks occur suddenly, but many people have warning signs and symptoms hours, days, or weeks in advance;

The first warning may be chest pain or pressure (angina) caused by stress and decreases with rest. Angina is caused by a temporary reduction in blood flow to the heart.

When to see a doctor:

Take immediate action as soon as you notice symptoms; some wait a long time because they do not recognize vital signs and symptoms. Follow these steps:

Ask for emergency help; If you suspect you have a heart attack, do not hesitate. Call 115 or your local emergency number immediately. If you do not have access to emergency services, someone will take you to the nearest hospital.

Only guide yourself if there are no other options as your situation could worsen, putting yourself and others at risk.

Take aspirin for a heart attack if your doctor tells you to:

Taking aspirin during a heart attack can reduce heart damage by preventing blood clots. Aspirin can interact with other medications, so do not take aspirin unless your doctor or emergency room staff recommends it.

What should you do if you see someone who may have had a heart attack?

If you see someone who is unconscious and you think they have a heart attack, call the emergency room first for help, then check if the person is breathing. If the person is not breathing or does not have a pulse, you need to start artificial respiration to maintain blood flow.

Intense and rapid pressure in a relatively fast rhythm Press on a person’s chest about 100 to 120 pressure per minute If you are trained in artificial respiration, doctors recommend only do chest pressure can open the way to artificial respiration And save breathing.

A heart attack occurs when one or more of your coronary arteries become blocked. Over time, a coronary artery can limit the accumulation of various substances, including cholesterol (atherosclerosis). This condition is known as coronary artery disease. , Causes more heart attacks.

During a heart attack, one of these plaques can release cholesterol and other substances into the bloodstream, causing a blood clot to form at the site of the rupture. If large enough, the clot can block the coronary arteries, the heart muscle.

You may have a complete or partial blockage. Complete obstruction means that you have an enlarged myocardial infarction. A minor blockage means you have a myocardial infarction without an increase. Diagnosis and treatment may vary depending on what you have.

Another cause of a heart attack is the coronary arteries’ contraction, which blocks blood flow to a part of the heart muscle. Tobacco use and illicit drugs, such as cocaine, can cause life-threatening spasms.

Some factors inadvertently cause fatty deposits (atherosclerosis) that narrow the arteries throughout your body; You can improve or eliminate many of these risk factors to reduce your chances of having a heart attack.

Risk factors for heart attack include:

Age:

Men over 45 and older and women 55 or older are more likely to have a this disease than young men and women.

Tobacco:

This includes smoking and long-term exposure to smoke.

High blood pressure:

Over time, high blood pressure can damage the arteries that feed your heart. High blood pressure, which occurs with other conditions such as obesity, high cholesterol, or diabetes, further increases your risk.

High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels:

High levels of LDL (LDL) cholesterol (“bad” cholesterol) are likely to be restricted to the arteries. High levels of triglycerides, a type of blood fat linked to your diet, also increase the risk of a heart attack. Give. However, high levels of HDL (good cholesterol) lipoprotein reduce the risk of a heart attack.

Obesity:

Obesity is associated with high cholesterol, high triglycerides, high blood pressure, and diabetes; losing only 10% of your body weight can reduce this risk.

Diabetes:

Adequate production of the hormone secreted by your pancreas (insulin) or failure to respond appropriately to insulin raises your blood sugar levels, increasing your risk of a heart attack.

Metabolic syndrome:

This happens when you are obese, have high blood pressure and high blood sugar. Having metabolic syndrome doubles your risk of heart disease if you do not have it.

Family history of a heart attack:

If your siblings, parents, or grandparents have early this disease (age 55 for male relatives and 65 for female relatives), you may be at increased risk.

Lack of physical activity:

Inactivity raises blood cholesterol levels and obesity. People who exercise regularly reduce cardiovascular fitness, including high blood pressure.

Pressure:

You may respond to ways that increase the risk of a heart attack.

Drug use:

Taking stimulant drugs such as cocaine or amphetamines can cause your coronary arteries to constrict, causing a heart attack.

History of preeclampsia:

This condition causes high blood pressure during pregnancy and increases the risk of heart disease.

A safety status:

Having a disease such as arthritis or arthritis can increase the risk of a heart attack.

Complications of damage to your heart during an attack can include:

Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias):

Electrical “short circuits” can develop and cause abnormal heart rhythms, some of which can be serious and even fatal.

Heart failure :

The attack may damage the heart tissue so that the remaining heart muscle cannot pump enough blood out of your heart. Heart failure can be temporary or a chronic condition caused by permanent damage to your heart.

Sudden cardiac arrest:

Without warning, your heart stops due to electrical disturbances that cause irregularities. Heart attacks increase the risk of sudden cardiac arrest, which can be fatal without immediate treatment.

It’s never too late to prevent a heart attack – even if you have had one before, there are ways to prevent a this disease in this area of ​​moist health.

medicines:

Taking medications can reduce the risk of further heart attack and help improve the affected heart’s function; Continue what your doctor prescribes and ask your doctor how long you should be monitored.

Factors that change your lifestyle:

  • Maintain a healthy weight with a healthy diet
  • Not smoking
  • Regular exercise
  • Manage stress and control conditions that can lead to heart attacks, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes.

Are Vitamins a Way to Prevent a Heart Attack?

Do Vitamins Help Prevent Heart Disease or Heart Attack?

It is not known whether taking vitamins reduces the risk of heart disease or stroke, but what is certain is that if you do not control other risk factors, such as low diet, smoking, high cholesterol, and diabetes Do not control, no vitamin can prevent the growth of heart disease.

Previous studies have shown that some vitamins, such as vitamins C and E, may reduce heart disease risk, but large clinical trials have shown that their sources have been proven. However, a recent study showed Vitamin E, when taken alone, may help prevent this disease.

There is also evidence that low levels of vitamin D are associated with heart disease, but more research is needed. If you are concerned about your vitamin D levels, talk to your doctor.

Most people who are generally healthy and get the nutrients they need from their diet do not need to take vitamins daily. Even a daily multivitamin does not seem to prevent heart disease.

If you are worried about your nutrition, talk to your doctor about taking the daily vitamin that may be right for you, or it is best to eat nutrient-rich foods such as vegetables and fruits, vegetable or seed oils, whole grains, and at least twice. Add fish to your diet weekly to protect your heart.

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