What are the main symptoms of arthritis?

Arthritis is a common disease that causes joint pain and inflammation. Symptoms of arthritis include joint pain and stiffness that get worse over time.

What is arthritis?

The term arthritis is used to describe pain, swelling, and stiffness in a joint or joints. Arthritis is not a single disease and has several different types.

Evidence shows that about 10 million people in some countries have arthritis, and it can occur at any age and affect the joints. Some types of arthritis are more common in the elderly.

Suppose you have severe joint pain, and this pain does not go away after a few days. In that case, you should see a doctor immediately, and identifying the cause of your joint pain is very important to offer different treatment options.

Although there is no cure for arthritis, treatments have advanced dramatically in recent years. There are apparent benefits to treating the disease’s early stages for many arthritis types, especially inflammatory arthritis.

What are the main symptoms of arthritis?

It is difficult to pinpoint the cause of arthritis. Several factors increase a person’s risk of developing arthritis, some of which are genetic and inherited traits.

Arthritis makes life difficult by causing pain; arthritis symptoms vary from week to week and even today. Many types of this disease have long-term symptoms, but you can control this disease’s symptoms with the right treatment and approach.

Whatever your situation, being physically active can significantly improve your overall health.

What is a joint, and how does it work?

A joint is an area where two or more bones, such as fingers, knees, and shoulders, intersect, holding the bones in place and allowing them to move freely in their area.

Most joints in our body are surrounded by a vital capsule full of a thick liquid that helps lubricate the joint. These capsules hold our bones in place, and they do this with the help of ligaments.

The bones inside the joint are covered with cartilage, which is a smooth but hard layer that causes the bones to rotate as they move.

If we want to move a bone, our brain sends a signal to the muscle, and then the bone rotates with the help of the tendon, so the muscles play an essential role in supporting the joint.

Causes of joint swelling

What are the main symptoms of arthritis?

Causes of increased intra-articular fluid:


Bone fractures, ligament ruptures, menisci, synovial tissue, and a brief blow to a hemophiliac’s joint can cause bleeding inside the joint. Hemarthrosis is caused by bleeding inside the joint.

Stretching and damage to the synovial tissue

Stretching and damage to the synovial tissue due to the knee’s meniscus’ rupture causes more joint fluid secretion.

Synovial tissue tumors

Synovial tissue tumors and inflammation of the synovial tissue are the causes of joint fluid secretion.


If the joint develops arthritis for any reason, the synovial tissue becomes inflamed and secretes a lot of fluid. Arthritis causes inflammation of the joint in the synovial tissue. Inflammation of the synovial tissue causes the secretion of joint fluid. The amount of secretion and joint fluid production may remain regular, but the joint fluid change’s properties and sex.

The most critical causes of arthritis in the joints:

What are the main symptoms of arthritis?

Arthritis or osteoarthritis is one of the causes of arthritis in the joints.

Rheumatism such as rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic fever, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus are also the most important causes of joint arthritis.

One of the most important causes of arthritis in the joints is metabolic diseases such as gout.

Joint infections such as purulent infections, tuberculosis infections, and viral infections can also cause arthritis in the joints.

Synovial tissue growth in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis infection, or synovial tumors is also a cause of arthritis.

Enlargement of the joint bone in arthritis is one of the causes of arthritis in the joints.

In some cases, the joint itself has no problem, and the arthritis is due to inflammation of the surrounding tissues, such as:

  • Swelling of the bursae around the joint and bursitis
  • Swelling of the skin around the joint such as allergies and sensitivities
  • Tumors around the joint, such as ganglia in the wrist
  • Tenosynovitis, like Deckron’s disease of the wrist
  • Arthritis or arthritis of the shoulders

Causes of Arthritis

What are the main symptoms of arthritis?

family history:

Some types of arthritis are inherited and genetic, and if a person’s family has the disease, they are more likely to get the disease.


The risk of developing arthritis such as arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout increases with age.


Women are more likely than men to develop rheumatoid arthritis.

Joint damage

People whose joints have been damaged by exercise are more likely than others to develop arthritis.


Arthritis increases in obese and overweight people because in obese people, the pressure on the joints in the area, knees, pelvis, and spine increases.

The main types of arthritis

What are the main symptoms of arthritis?

Because there are different types of arthritis, it is essential to know which type you have. Different types of arthritis have some similarities and fundamental differences.


The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis, and it is estimated that about 8.75 million people have this type of arthritis.

The disease begins with hardening of the cartilage, and in such a situation, the body will begin to repair problematic tissues, which include the following processes in the body:

  1. A small piece of extra bone called an osteophyte can grow at the bone’s end inside the joint and increase the joint amount of thick fluid.
  2. This allowed the joint capsule to stretch and the joint to lose its shape.
  3. Occasionally, the early stages of arthritis may be painless, but in this condition, damage may occur inside the joint, causing it to become painful and stiff.
  4. Osteoarthritis is more common in women and usually occurs in people over the age of 45. The body parts most exposed to this type of arthritis are the knees, arms, buttocks, and back.
  5. Being physically active will help you maintain a healthy weight, which will reduce the pressure on your joints, and if the muscles around the joint are strong, repairing and strengthening the damaged joint will be faster.
  6. Being overweight increases the risk of osteoarthritis and exacerbates it.
  7. Taking painkillers such as paracetamol and steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen can help reduce your symptoms and allow you to be more active. Being active also reduces pain, stiffness, and swelling.
  8. You can also use NSAID creams to reduce pain in your affected areas.
  9. A range of pain relief options is available. If your arthritis pain is not severe, your doctor or physiotherapist can give you specific advice to help you control your pain.
  10. If osteoarthritis gets worse, especially in the knees and hips, your doctor may talk to you about the possibility of surgery. Surgery is usually considered after testing other options.

Gout and calcium crystal diseases

What are the main symptoms of arthritis?

Gout is inflammatory arthritis that can cause painful swelling in the joints. The disease usually affects the toes but may also affect other joints in the body.

Joints affected by gout may become red and hot, and the skin may look shiny and peeling.

This condition is caused by too much urine and uric acid in the body, and we all usually have a certain amount of urine in our bodies.

However, being overweight or overeating certain foods and sugary drinks can make some people urinate more. Hereditary genes may also increase the risk of gout.

If the amount of uric acid in the body is high, urea may form in crystals and accumulate around the joints, settling around the joints for a long time without causing any problems.

Hitting a part of the body or having a fever can cause crystals to fall on the soft part of the joint. This causes pain and swelling.

Some medications can reduce the amount of urine in the body and prevent gout attacks. Allopurinol and phaboxostat are examples of these drugs. Steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as paracetamol, can be useful drugs for this purpose.

The risk of developing the disease is higher in men in their mid-20s and postmenopausal women. Some conditions cause calcium crystals to form in and around the joints, and we all need calcium to strengthen our bones and teeth. However, some people still have a lot of calcium in their bodies, which may cause crystal crystals to form around their joints, which can eventually lead to painful swelling in the joints.

Calcium crystal diseases usually go away on their own. Taking painkillers and using an ice pack wrapped in a towel can help relieve pain and swelling.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is inflammatory arthritis that is known as an autoimmune disease in the body.

The immune system is the body’s natural self-defense system that protects us from infections and diseases. When a person has an immune system disease, the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissues in the body, such as the joints, causing It becomes inflamed.

Inflammation is usually an essential tool in the immune system and occurs when the body sends extra blood and fluids to the target area to fight infections, and this is what happens when a finger is cut. And the skin in that area becomes swollen and red.

But in rheumatoid arthritis, inflammation and excess fluid in the joints can cause the following problems:

  • Joint movement becomes difficult and painful.
  • Chemicals in body fluids can damage bones and joints.
  • Excess fluid can lengthen the joint capsule, and once the joint capsule is pulled, it will not return to its original position.
  • The chemicals in the fluids irritate nerve endings, which is very painful.
  • In addition to causing pain and stiffness, inflammation can also cause permanent joint damage. Starting treatment early in the course of the disease can help minimize damage.

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include the following:

  • Swollen and painful joints (mostly when healthy)
  • Severe fatigue
  • Feeling we have ‘Run out of gas’ emotionally
  • Rheumatoid arthritis often occurs in small joints of the hands and feet and can affect the same joints on both sides of the body simultaneously, which happens very slowly and then gradually, and Over time, it gets worse.

Rheumatoid arthritis can occur in adults of any age. It usually affects people in their 40s and 60s and is more common in women than men.

Some medications can help reduce immune system deficiencies and reduce joint pain and swelling. These are called disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and include biological therapies. Still, you should be aware that taking drugs that slow down the immune system may also damage your body.

If these drugs are tested and are not sufficient, doctors will try newer biological therapies. Biological therapies have a more targeted effect on the immune system.


Arthritis spondylosis is a word used to describe several conditions that cause pain and swelling, mainly around the spine’s joints.

In this condition, there is inflammation of small parts of the connective tissue called the ventricles. These stiff fibers attach to the tendons of the bones.

What are the main symptoms of arthritis?

Ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of spondyloarthritis that causes pain and swelling around the joints of the spine.

Under these conditions, in response to inflammation around the spine, the body can produce more mineral calcium. This mineral is naturally used by the body to strengthen bones. However, in ankylosing spondylitis, excess calcium can cause new bone parts to grow in the spine, causing pain and stiffness in this area.

This condition usually causes back pain and swelling in the middle of the night and in the morning, which usually lasts more than half an hour.

Some medications can slow this process, and being active will go a long way in minimizing spinal stiffness and maintaining a good posture, and preventing spinal curvature.

Ankylosing spondylitis usually occurs between the ages of 20 and 30, making it more common in men.

Psoriatic arthritis

This type of arthritis is also an autoimmune disease and is also a type of spondyloarthritis.

In this disease, the body’s immune system can cause painful swelling and stiffness inside the joints and skin rashes, scaling the skin called psoriasis. Acne can affect many areas of the body, including the elbows, knees, back, buttocks, and scalp.

Severe fatigue is another symptom of this disease.

Anti-rheumatic drugs and biological therapies can treat the cause of arthritis. There are also various treatments, including creams and medications, for treating psoriasis.

Psoriatic arthritis usually occurs in people who have had psoriasis before. However, the disease occurs in some people without symptoms of psoriasis.

It can occur at any age but is more common in adults.

Adolescent idiopathic arthritis

If a teenager develops inflammatory arthritis before 16, it is called juvenile idiopathic arthritis, or JIA.

There are different types of this disease that the immune system is involved in causing this disease and causing pain and swelling.

The sooner the disease is diagnosed, the better. This is because treatment options are more responsive in the early stages of disease progression.

Analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-rheumatic drugs, and biological therapies can reduce the disease’s symptoms and pain and swelling.

About 12,000 young people in England have the disease.

Do I need to see a doctor?

Occasional pain and swelling are joint, especially with strenuous physical activity.

So how do you tell the early signs of arthritis from normal pain?

If you have swelling or stiffness that you do not know why it happened and this condition lasts for several days, also if you experience severe pain if you touch the area, it is best to see a doctor as soon as possible so that your disease can be diagnosed and treated faster.

Here are some other things to look for when selecting yours.

Durability of symptoms

How and when does the pain start?

If the pain occurs after exercise or unusual activities, there is no need to worry, and the pain will go away in a few days.

See your doctor if the pain is not related to an injury and does not go away after a few days.

Swelling of the joints

If the joint becomes swollen without damage, you should see a doctor.

This is especially important if accompanied by discomfort, redness, warmth in the joints, and fever.

See your doctor if you are unable to perform your daily tasks due to joint and muscle pain.

Also, in case of any new symptoms and without any specific reason, it is necessary to see a doctor.

Other diseases that have similar symptoms to arthritis

Several other conditions can cause pain and swelling in and around the joints:

What are the main symptoms of arthritis?


Lupus is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissues in the body. In this disease, different body organs such as the heart, lungs, and other organs are attacked by the immune system and pain. Swelling is common in lupus, especially in the small joints of the hands and feet. Joint pain in the lupus may spread from one joint to another.

Lupus is difficult to diagnose because it can cause as many different symptoms as other diseases.


It is a long-term disease that can cause pain and tenderness in the body.

The symptoms are similar to arthritis, but they are more common in the muscles than the joints.

The most common symptoms of fibromyalgia are:

  • Severe pain
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • The unpleasant feeling when waking up
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Poor memory
  • Severe sensitivity to pain and physical pressure
  • PMR

The disease includes muscle pain and stiffness. Hips, shoulders, and thighs are usually affected by this disease.

Raising both arms above the head can be very painful. Muscle pain and stiffness are usually more significant in the morning. Other symptoms include boredom and fatigue.

The disease mainly affects people over 70 years; in this disease, the brain’s arteries increase in size, which leads to symptoms of pain and tenderness in the head. This condition can also cause pain in the tongue and jaw when chewing food, and in some rare cases, can also affect a person’s vision.

If you notice any of these symptoms, see a doctor immediately, and if left untreated, the person may become completely blind. The disease can be treated with pills and other biological therapies.


Back pain is one of the most common problems that many of us have experienced. This condition is caused by muscle strain or ligament and usually does not lead to a severe problem. Back pain usually goes away after two weeks, and the use of painkillers will help reduce back pain.

What are the main symptoms of arthritis?


Tendinopathy is a condition in which the tendons, the strong ligaments that connect muscles to bones, become severely sore. The affected part of the body in this disease is hot, red, and swollen, making it difficult to move the desired part. Other symptoms include severe hunger.

This disease is caused by the overuse of that part of the body. Stopping or changing the activity is the first step to curing the disease. Taking painkillers also helps a lot to reduce the pain in this area. Using an ice pack wrapped in a towel can also reduce pain and swelling.

What should I do if I have arthritis?

There are several treatments you can take to manage this disease.

Exercise helps a lot to reduce the symptoms of this disease, including pain and swelling. There are several reasons for this:

  • Exercise strengthens muscles and joints and increases their flexibility.
  • The joints will be able to maintain their range of motion.
  • Exercise will help a lot to maintain your fitness and weight.
  • Exercise triggers the release of the hormone endorphins, a natural analgesic in the body.
  • Regular exercise will significantly help improve blood circulation and get proper sleep.
  • Home prevention and treatment of arthritis (arthritis)

Weight Loss :

If you are overweight, you can lose weight to reduce the pressure on your joints.

Sport :

Regular exercise softens and flexes the joints. Swimming and water aerobics are useful exercises because the buoyancy of water reduces the pressure on the joints.

Ice compress

You can use electric mats and ice packs to reduce the pain of arthritis.

Cane, Walker

Protect your joints and improve your condition; it is better to use aids such as canes, walkers, and toilets.

Treatment of arthritis with alternative medicine

Many people use traditional and alternative therapies to treat arthritis. These treatments include:


In this type of treatment, arthritic pain is reduced by inserting thin needles into specific skin areas.

What are the main symptoms of arthritis?

Yoga or Tai Chi:

Improving the joints’ flexibility and range of motion and improving arthritis pain can be done by stretching and gentle yoga or tai chi movement.

Swimming, cycling, brisk walking, yoga, Pilates, and many other exercises can help people with arthritis. If you feel pain while exercising, there is no need to worry because this is very natural, and there is a need to worry.

Exercise helps reduce the pain of arthritis. The important thing about exercising for people with arthritis is that they should avoid strenuous exercise that causes arthritis pain. Give.

Exercise will help reduce the pressure of overweight on the joints and reduce inflammation in these people, helping maintain a healthy weight.

The best way to lose weight is to follow a proper, low-fat, low-sugar, and balanced diet. Increase your intake of fruits, vegetables, and water, and do not forget to exercise regularly. You can ask a sports coach to help you follow an exercise program that is appropriate for your arthritis.

Foods that help reduce arthritis inflammation include fish, nuts, fruits and vegetables, beans, olive oil, and whole grains.

Various herbs and spices such as turmeric, garlic, ginger, black pepper, and green tea help improve this disease’s symptoms.

If you decide to use any natural medicine to cure your disease, be sure to consult a specialist before implementing your decision.

Some foods, such as tomatoes, which are high in selenium, have been linked to arthritis pain; So if you have arthritis, cut down on tomatoes.

Sugary and sugary foods also aggravate the symptoms of this disease.

Physiotherapy exercises that may be used to reduce the pain of arthritis include specific exercises or hydrotherapy. It is also necessary for these people to take the necessary measures to carry out their daily activities and use specialized equipment.

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