What are the symptoms of corns? Treatment with medical and surgical shoes and insoles

Corns are a disorder in which part of the skin becomes hard and thick and can develop on the fingertips, between the fingers, or the fingertips. Calluses are similar to corns but are larger and usually occur around the chest and cause pain in the heel area or outside the thumb. Corns and calluses are often confused, but both are signs of a bone problem.


Types of corns

Corns are hyperkeratotic circular lesions whose conical nuclei cause pain and inflammation. The conical part of the corn is formed in response to a mechanical shock. This conical core facilitates the diagnosis of callus with corns. Corns are divided into hard corns and soft corns.

In hard corns, which are the most common type of corns, and in the area of ​​the toes, a strong and prominent tissue is created, the central part of which is firm.

Soft pimples are caused by excessive absorption of moisture, and their appearance indicates this fact. A soft callus is a very painful lesion between the fingers but mostly between the fourth and fifth fingers.

Can corns become infected?

What causes corns?

Corns and calluses are caused by constant pressure and foot friction with shoes or the ground, in which case the stable bony structure of the toes is constantly pulled to the ground. In this way, the skin begins to thicken in response to pressure to prevent blisters or painful sores.

If the friction or pressure on the foot is mild but long, it can cause corns or calluses. Excessive friction or stress in a short time can cause blisters or open sores. Calluses can also be caused by another disorder called the hammer toe, in which the toes are usually under the adjacent toe, which is generally the smallest toe, causing corns.

Calluses form under the head of the long thumb bone and are caused by placing too much weight on the toe. Many bone disorders are inherited, but wearing the right shoes can minimize the risk of developing calluses or corns.


How does acne feel?

Acne mainly affects the toes. In general, corns and calluses cause pain and discomfort and shooting pain due to inflammation of the nerve. Sometimes the pain is so severe that it interferes with the patient’s daily activities.

How do I remove corn on my foot?

How is corn diagnosed?

When you see a doctor for toe pain, he or she will first examine the painful area and then cut some of the thick skin on foot to rule out the possibility of a wart due to a viral infection. In some cases, he or she may request an X-ray to diagnose bone disorders that have caused corns or calluses.

Your doctor may magically decide to identify painful areas so that they can be properly examined by X-ray. After an x-ray, the doctor can diagnose the cause of the pain in the painful area of ​​the finger.

How are corns removed surgically?

How can acne be treated?

Shaving the thick skin of the foot can temporarily relieve toe pressure, but if you have diabetes or circulatory problems, you should not do it yourself; otherwise, the risk of infection increases. Special products used to get rid of calluses and corns have very strong acids that help remove excess skin but may cause severe chemical burns, increasing the risk of infection and more pain. Gives. That’s why you have to be very careful.

To begin, you can dip your foot in warm soapy water and gently remove the dead skin. To do this, you can use a footstone or razor and move it gently on your foot. The best time to use footstone is after bathing when the skin is soft. It is best to do this after each shower. Excessive rubbing or calluses can cause skin burns, so be very careful. Using the right moisturizers such as vitamin E oil, cocoa butter, or lanolin on hardened areas of the feet can soften them and relieve pain. You can use a special pad for corns and calluses. When removing the thick skin of the foot, be very careful not to cut the foot.


What does a doctor do to treat corns?

Your doctor can diagnose the cause of corns or calluses after reviewing your medical history and performing a physical exam, or requesting an x-ray. Your doctor specializes in removing thick spots on the skin of the feet and usually recommends the use of pads for corns and calluses and asks you to use special places and other medications prescribed at home.

The use of anti-inflammatory drugs can help heal the injury, and in some cases, the doctor injects cortisone to reduce pain and swelling immediately.


Use a special pad to treat corns.

Using a special corn pad can relieve symptoms by reducing mechanical friction in the corn or callus area. If the callus is stiff, your doctor may recommend using a silicone pad or foam pad to protect the skin after removing hard tissue. The use of silicone pads is very useful because it protects the foot while releasing special materials to eliminate the created lesions.

Calluses are caused by high pressure on the metatarsal bone due to body weight and can be helped with a special pad. Using a special place causes the body’s weight to be transferred to other parts of the foot and the weight to be distributed. When preparing the pad, the shape and size of the metatarsal bone should be considered.

The inner edge of the metatarsal pad should match the width of the bone head and be narrow at the middle and side edges. The pillow should be wider than the chest and narrow at the heel. Using a metatarsal pad gradually reduces the amount of pressure applied to the finger.


Use the right shoes to treat calluses.

In most cases, mechanical foot injuries can be treated with the right shoes. The doctor asks the patient to wear short heels and shoes that provide enough space for the toes. Patients with hammertoes need shoes that are wide enough to protect the footwell.

People who have soft or hard calluses on their thumb can use shoes that are wide enough. These people should be very careful when preparing shoes and choose the right shoes because wearing the wrong shoes increases the risk of calluses or corns or worsening of these problems.


Perform surgery to treat corns

The doctor will usually cut the callus or corn from the base of the foot to completely drain it. For surgery and treatment of calluses or calluses on your feet, you should see a pediatrician to treat the root cause of these problems and remove the fork or hammer foot. Surgery usually causes pain and discomfort for a short time, but you can eventually return to normal activities. Surgery does not mean complete rest in bed. Many patients who undergo surgery are very satisfied with the result because their pain is completely relieved.

Surgery focuses on correcting the abnormal mechanical stress on the toe and is usually performed when treatment and care methods do not improve the patient’s problem. The goal of surgery is to correct foot deformities such as hammertoe, toe, or similar issues to eliminate painful foot lesions.

Hard corns on the fifth finger and soft corns on the middle finger are treated with surgery and complete evacuation. Callus formation under the metatarsal bone is treated with care because the results of osteotomy surgery are usually unpredictable, and a callus may form under the adjacent bone.


How do podiatrists remove corns?

Can acne recur?

Adjusting the size and type of shoes can usually be very helpful, so be very careful when preparing shoes and buy shoes that fit your feet and prevent footwear.

The shoes you need should provide enough space for the toes and protect the calluses or corns of the toes. Get shoes that protect your chest well and are not too tight because the shoe’s toe is so tight that it does not pressure the toes. To decide if your shoes are the right shape and size, you need to place your foot on a white sheet and draw the shape of your foot.

Then place the desired shoe on the drawn shape. If you find that our shoes are smaller and narrower than your feet and do not be surprised, try to imagine the force applied to the toes and soles when wearing such a shoe. Wearing tight shoes and walking with them endangers the health of the feet.

Check your shoes now, and if you find that you do not have the right shoes, it is better to think about buying better shoes. Do not forget to check your socks and always try to use cotton and wool socks.

There are several types of thicker socks on the toes and heels and can protect these areas. You can use wool socks that minimize wear on the toes and heels. Corns and calluses are usually very resistant, and sometimes surgery is unavoidable, so if you can not treat your problem with preventive methods, you should choose surgery.

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