Pregnancy, birth and baby

Common Baby Skin problems in infants

Are you worried about pimples, rashes, or small bumps on your baby’s skin? Allergies, illness, heat, or cold usually cause these skin changes in the baby. Many of these changes are not a big problem and can be easily treated.

The general definition of Baby Skin diseases:

Childhood acne

If your baby has acne, it may have started at birth, but it often appears several weeks later. This skin problem has a small tip or white head and is surrounded by red skin. These pimples usually appear on the baby’s cheeks and may sometimes be on the baby’s chin, forehead and back.

Childhood acne can be aggravated by mobility or heat, skin irritation with milk, saliva, cloth, or washing with strong detergents. Naturally, acne resolves spontaneously in childhood without any treatment, but sometimes it can take several months.

Herpes blisters

If a child has blisters or herpes for the first time, their gums become swollen, and their mouths become sore, which may cause saliva. A series of small blisters appear on or near the lips that turn into painful sores after a few days, possibly accompanied by swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck and fever.

After a few days, it closes on the child’s wounds and gradually disappears. The duration of this type of wound is about 5-10 days. The child may refuse to eat or drink, so parents should be careful about their child’s dehydration.

The next time a child gets herpes, it starts with blisters and will not have the first symptoms. Parents can rub ice packs on their child’s wounds or give him or her a paracetamol (acetaminophen) suspension to relieve pain.

Erythema toxins

Toxic erythema or toxic redness is not known to parents among children with skin problems. The skin rash appears as red spots with a slight yellow or white pimple in the center of the baby’s skin.

Children with this type of problem usually grow five days after birth. This complication may appear anywhere on the baby’s body except the soles of the feet. This problem will be resolved within two weeks.

Folliculitis

Folliculitis, or inflammation of the hair follicles, when a child develops folliculitis, a small sack full of pus forms around the hair follicle; there may also be scabs that usually appear on the neck, arms, armpits, legs, and buttocks.

This skin problem is rare in children under two years of age. If your child sees a doctor with this complication, he or she may be prescribed an antibiotic cream.

Hives

Symptoms of urticaria include:

  • Great prominent spots, natural urticaria 1-2 cm wide that appear suddenly.
  • They may be white or red and itchy around them.
  • Other symptoms may accompany urticaria and therefore appears as a widespread skin rash.

Hives usually go away on their own within a few hours to a few days. Calamine lotion or antihistamine cream can be used to relieve swelling as well as itching.

Jaundice

  You know very well that about 50% of babies see a yellow halo on their skin within the first few days after birth. In babies with dark skin, this jaundice is seen in whiteness or inside the eyes or soles of the feet.

All babies have minor jaundice during the first week, but not all of them are visible. It usually takes a week for jaundice to clear and the skin to return to normal, but this process may take longer if the baby is born prematurely.

Measles

Some common symptoms of measles include:

  • runny nose
  • cough
  • Fever 38 degrees Celsius
  • Pain, swelling, and redness of the eyes
  • Small white spots inside the mouth

About 3-4 days after these symptoms, parents see red spots on the back of the baby’s ears, neck, and face. With these pimples, the child’s fever may rise. Acne mainly affects the body and lasts for five days or more.

As the disease progresses, the rash turns brown, and the measles is actually a virus, so it goes away on its own within a few days. Adequate rest, acetaminophen, and more fluids are recommended to reduce fever and complete recovery.

Molluscum contagiosum

Warty or infectious mumps is a viral skin problem with round, small, shiny, white, and sometimes whitish blisters. There are about 20 pimples, each with small pus in the middle or head in most cases.

The size of each of them is different and is in the range of 10-10 mm and may occur within a few weeks. The most common part of the body where these spots appear is on the chest and abdomen or inside the joints, such as inside the elbow or behind the knee.

Disease lesions may also be found on the buttocks or genitals. This problem rarely occurs in a place such as an eyelid or mouth. These lesions often go away at 18 months without any treatment, and you should see a doctor if your baby is bleeding, itching, or upset.

Old pimples

They are swollen red pimples that appear around the baby’s genitals, thighs, and buttocks. Sometimes there may be dry or wet blisters, and children usually have this problem in the first year of life.

Urine is the leading cause of this problem in children. According to experts, the best way to treat this complication is to keep the baby’s feet dry and clean and to change diapers or old ones regularly.

Toxic ivy, sumac, and oak

If a child comes in contact with poison ivy, sumac, or oak, they may have an allergic reaction and develop a skin rash. Allergic rashes to these plants appear as red and swollen spots on his body that blister after 1-2 days. The blisters disappear very quickly and itch at the same time. After two weeks or a little more, this complication gets better.

Roseola

Roseola is one of the most common skin lesions in children. The following symptoms appear when a child develops Roseola:

  • cough
  • Sudden fever between 38 and 42 degrees Celsius
  • Mild diarrhea
  • runny nose

A child with Roseola is usually lethargic, anorexic, and irritable. Her fever may last for 3-4 days and suddenly stops, and as the fever subsides, pink spots appear on her skin.

These spots start on the baby’s chest and abdomen and spread to the neck and other parts of the body, and disappear after a few hours to two days. Improving and reducing a child’s fever is achieved through adequate rest, acetaminophen (paracetamol), and plenty of fluids.

Infectious conjunctiva

Red eyes with tears may be a sign of conjunctivitis or conjunctivitis. The conjunctiva is the part of the eye that covers the eyelid and part of the whites of the eye. Infection or allergy causes this complication. Infectious conjunctiva is caused by a bacterial or viral infection and is highly contagious.

Other symptoms of conjunctivitis include:

  • Eye adhesion
  • Pain and redness of the eyes
  • Yellow discharge around the eyelid and sometimes yellow discharge from the eye

If your child has infectious conjunctivitis, you should clean his eyes thoroughly and regularly with warm water and cotton. You should use towels and other fabrics and aprons and keep them separate.

In children under one year of age with conjunctivitis, parents should see an ophthalmologist immediately. Complications of conjunctivitis in young children may be due to severe infections such as chlamydia.

Mosquito bites

Mosquito bites sometimes cause prominent and itchy skin lesions. To relieve itching and prevent itching, parents can apply a cold compress to the mosquito bite.

Baby nails should also be kept short, and itching can be relieved with calamine lotion. Mosquito bites do not need to see a doctor, but they should see a specialist if they become infected.

Sometimes the symptoms of an infection include the following:

  • Inflation
  • Growing red area
  • Touch the skin of the warm area

Baldness

Insects and worms do not cause baldness, but superficial infections, also called skin fungi (tinea), are caused by fungi that live on dead skin, hair tissue, or nail tissue dermatophytes.

The skin layers first become scaly or swollen, then appear as an itchy red rash with blisters and inflammation all around. The rash is transmitted through skin contact or sharing personal items such as towels and sports equipment. However, most of them are treated with antifungal creams.

Lyme disease

Sometimes lice bites can cause Lyme disease. This is a serious infectious disease and needs proper treatment. When a child develops this complication, pimples or rings appear around the bite site.

Slap cheek syndrome

The infection is mild and can improve after a week. At first, the patient has flu-like symptoms; then, red spots appear on the face and body. The disease usually spreads through coughing or snoring and is most contagious in the first week before redness occurs.

Slapping and red cheeks syndrome can be treated with rest, drinking plenty of water, eating soft foods, fluids, and digestion (do not take aspirin in people under 16). However, the child must be treated for other symptoms that indicate a serious illness.

Chickenpox

Chickenpox or varicella is a highly contagious disease characterized by an itchy red rash and is one of childhood’s most common infectious diseases. It is often mild in children, but there is still a risk of bacterial pneumonia, and the disease does not cause serious health problems in children.

The disease is caused by the varicella-zoster virus and is spread by coughing or sneezing fluid, contact with clothing and bedding, or blisters from an infected person. Most children with chickenpox should be treated at home with symptoms of restlessness, itching, fever, or the flu.

Yellow wound

Another skin lesion in children is jaundice, a bacterial infectious disease of the skin that causes red sores that open and secrete fluid, followed by yellow or brown scabs and scabs. Be. Infection can occur anywhere in the body, but mainly around the nose and mouth.

The blisters look red and painful, and the problem is spread through direct contact or shared bedding, toys, clothing, or other items from an infected person.

In children, scratching causes the wound to move from one part of the body to another. Several topical antibiotics can cure the disease, but sufferers may also need to take antibiotics.

Milia

One of the most common skin problems in children is milia, which is characterized by small white spots on the child’s face and is often seen on the nose, chin, forehead, cheeks, and around the eyes.

Although Melia has a prominent appearance, it is smooth to the touch and has no protrusions. Melia naturally disappears a few weeks after birth as the baby’s sebaceous glands grow.

Warts

Warts are also one of the most common skin diseases in children. It is a fact that many of us have seen warts on a certain part of the body or at a certain stage of life, but this complication is more common in children than adults. Warts are skin infections caused by the human papillomavirus family.

Affect any part of the body but usually affects hot, humid areas of the body, such as wounds or cuts on the toes. By removing or covering the wart with adhesive tape, the wart is removed and always keeps the infected parts of the body dry. If the wart persists and does not heal, laser surgery or chemicals may be used.

Sweaty rash

Sweating rash is common in children and infants. Sweating is called turmeric or malaria, which occurs when you sweat a lot and block the sweat glands. Children and infants burn sweat during the wet or hot season because their sweat glands are not fully formed.

Skin conditions cause an itchy, round, raised, reddish rash that stimulates odor and sensation. It often affects many parts of the body covered by clothing, such as the abdomen, waist, upper chest, armpits, and groin.

Symptoms can be seen on the baby’s head, neck and shoulders. Children whose parents wear a lot of clothing covering their abdomen, back, chest, armpits, or groin cause them to become hot and humid. Children should wear light clothing and air exchange, even if the child’s hands and feet look cold.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease that affects a wide range of disorders. In some people, this complication appears as dryness, redness, and itching of the skin. In some, it is accompanied by blistering or scaling and discharge of fluids.

Contact dermatitis is an allergic reaction resulting from contact with food, soap, or poisonous plant oils. The disease often improves with the elimination of the cause, so the child should avoid toxic plants.

Eczema

Atopic dermatitis is a skin rash that is most commonly seen before the age of five. In children and infants, the disease is standard on the scalp and cheeks but may also affect the hands, feet, chest, or other parts of the body.

The rash appears as thick, dry, scaly skin, or it may consist of several small red bumps that secrete and become infected by scratching.

The fact is that the itching of the wounds causes the scar to remain or the skin to thicken. This problem is caused by a lack of personal hygiene but may be due to asthma allergies and people with sensitive immune systems.

Diseases of the hands, feet, and mouth

The disease is associated with sores on the mouth, hands, feet, or even hips and the human foot. The disease often occurs in summer and autumn and begins with a fever; the wounds are also painful. This problem often does not last more than a week. The disease is usually transmitted through inhalation or contact with an infected object.

Therefore, frequent hand washing is essential when in contact with a sick person. The most common home remedy for this condition is ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Avoid taking aspirin in people under 16 years of age. People with this disease should drink plenty of water and eat nutritious foods.

Scarlet fever

Scarlet fever is an infectious disease of the throat characterized by the appearance of a red layer in the throat. Symptoms include sore throat, fever, headache, abdominal pain, swelling of the neck glands.

After 1 or 2 days, the skin is red, has a surface like sandpaper, and disappears within 7 to 14 days. Regular hand washing can help reduce the incidence of the disease. Parents should take the child to the doctor with a fever, and the treatment is usually antibiotics.

Itchy urticaria

This type of urticaria is often characterized by redness, itching, or stiffness of the skin. The red layer appears all over the body and lasts for a few minutes or days, accompanied by shortness of breath and a sign of a severe problem.

To treat this disease, aspirin or penicillin is prescribed, and it is better to limit the consumption of some foods such as eggs, nuts, seashells, and condiments in these children. High body temperature, infection, and sore throat may play a role in spreading the disease. These children need specialized treatment and are usually treated with antibiotics.

Rubella

Rubella is a mildly infectious disease that affects most children from 6 months to 2 years of age and is rare after four years. The symptoms are similar to those of high-grade respiratory illness that lasts for more than seven days.

The fever suddenly stops, and then red rashes appear on the body, and parents should use acetaminophen to treat the fever and remember not to give aspirin to people under 16 years of age.

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