What you need to know about semen

When a male ejaculates, he exhales a white, cloudy liquid called semen. The fluid contains sperm cells and semen, which is rich in nutrients. In fertility, seminal fluid plays an important role in transporting sperm cells and prolonging their life for about five days.

How does semen work?

Millions of sperm cells are contained in the seminal fluid of the sperm. An estimated 100 million sperm cells are released from the penis during every ejaculation. As they mature under the influence of testicular and pituitary hormones, these sperm cells enter a tube called the epididymis to be stored and matured.

The sperm cells then travel to the vas deferens, a muscular tube, where they mix with the seminal fluid secreted by the 2 ejaculatory ducts. These processes result in semen as the final product. Three to five days are necessary for sperms from the sperm to survive in the vagina.

What you need to know about semen

Three different organs secrete semen:

It is a pea-sized gland that secretes a liquid that acts as a lubricant and neutralizes acid to keep sperm alive.

A gland that secretes fluid that keeps semen liquid: the prostate gland. Sperms are also fed and protected by these secretions, which contain useful nutrients and enzymes.

Specimens of sperm are lifted into the vaginal canal by the action of a tubular gland called seminal vesicles, which produces a fluid rich in fructose, which gives sperm cells energy, and prostaglandin, which causes the muscles in the vaginal canal to contract and lift sperm.

The urethra is a long tube through which the semen is propelled during ejaculation.

Pre-seminal fluid: what is it?

A male’s body produces pre-semen, or urine, as one of its sexual fluids. In the penis, this liquid is released before semen. Usually, pre-water does not contain sperm since it is produced in the bulbous glands. Minerals and other compounds in this liquid promote sperm health. When amniotic fluid leaves the body, sperm may enter it, even though it does not contain sperm.

Acid in urine may kill sperm cells, and since urine and semen pass through the same tube, the acid may damage the sperm. Sperm can pass through the urethra when amniotic fluid neutralizes acid in the urethra. Natural lubricants are also found in this liquid.

Preeclampsia makes it difficult to get pregnant, but it is not impossible either. Research shows that 41% of people’s foreskin contains motile sperm. The fluid enters the fallopian tubes and fertilizes the egg. Sexually transmitted diseases can also be spread through the skin.

How much semen should a woman have?

A woman’s ejaculation produces varying amounts of semen. Study results from 2012 indicate that the average amount is 3.4 milliliters, or 2/3 of a teaspoon. A man’s fertility is affected by the amount of semen he produces. It is a sign of a low sperm count if the amount of semen is higher than normal. A dilution of sperm cells is responsible for this phenomenon.

Low fertility is also associated with a low amount of semen (less than 1.5 ml). Retrograde ejaculation occurs when the semen returns to the bladder rather than leaving the body when the amount of semen is always low. High blood pressure and heart disease are two times more likely to develop in men with low semen. There are other factors that can cause low semen volume, such as dehydration and recent ejaculation, as well as infertility or disease.

Semen naturally tastes and smells like:

High fructose in the semen probably makes it sweet, and it smells like chlorine or ammonia. Each individual’s experience of this liquid will differ completely. Semen can be bitter or odorous when some foods affect its taste and smell. Foods such as these include:








Semen’s taste and smell are also affected by tobacco consumption. Smoking can also decrease sperm quality, number, and motility, making fertility difficult.

Semen’s taste and smell can also be affected by infection. Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis are sexually transmitted infections. Infections of the genital area or urinary tract can cause the semen to smell unpleasant and rotten.

It is important to remember that some tastes do not indicate disease, and the taste of healthy semen can vary from person to person. Here are some examples:

It is a sign that the pH is high or there is more alkalinity if the semen tastes bitter or salty.

Sweet tastes are created by fructose;

Vitamins and minerals are probably responsible for the iron taste.

Some foods, such as celery, parsley, and pineapple, can also make semen taste and smell milder and sweeter.

Semen color and concentration are normal.

It is usually almost white or yellowish white in color when normal semen is present. It should have a consistency similar to egg white or jelly. Dehydrated or recently ejaculated people may have jelly-like particles in their semen, which is normal. Some colors of semen can be signs of disease, but a changed color is usually not alarming.

Colors that are red or brown:

Blood may be present in red or brown semen. There is nothing very dangerous about this, although it may sound alarming. Blood can be found in the semen due to the following diseases:

Blood vessel rupture;

Enlargement of the prostate;

Usually caused by infection, epididymitis is an inflammation of the epididymis.

When the testicles swell due to infection, this is called orchitis.

Diseases caused by venereal organisms;

Testicular damage;

A kidney or bladder stone;

Biopsy of the prostate recently;

It is good to know that blood in sperm usually disappears without medical intervention. Cancer is rarely the cause of this complication.

An orange or yellow color:

If the semen is green or yellow in color, there is probably an infection present. This problem is also caused by other complications. There are several reasons why semen is yellow or green, including:

Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis are sexually transmitted diseases.

Usually caused by infection, prostate inflammation occurs.

Bilirubin accumulation caused by hepatitis and gallstones results in yellowness or jaundice.

There is a condition called Pyospermia, which results in male infertility. High levels of white blood cells in the semen damage the sperm cells.

Semen is composed of what components?

The male reproductive system produces a complex mixture of substances called semen. The majority of this liquid is made up of water, plasma, and mucus. These essential nutrients are also found in it, along with 5 to 25 calories:





Lactic acid;




Semen is eaten as follows:

Nutrients are present in semen, but their amounts are insufficient to satisfy the body’s demands. It is also safe to eat these compounds. Semen allergies are rare, but some people do have a severe reaction to them. Sexually transmitted infections are the biggest risk of eating semen.

It is possible to contract herpes, syphilis, or gonorrhea from eating semen. AIDS can be contracted by eating semen, but it’s rare. Human papilloma virus (HPV) can also be transmitted through semen. This virus cannot be diagnosed with a serum test, of course. Cancer of the throat can be caused by some types of this virus.

Semen allergy:

There are very few cases of semen allergy, but it does exist. It usually causes redness and inflammation in the affected area (usually the vagina) as the result of an allergic reaction to this liquid. Proteins in the semen cause allergic reactions. A person’s sexual partner may also have an allergy to food or antibiotics he takes. When allergens reach the vagina, they accumulate in the sperm and enter the bloodstream. It is possible that the sexual partner will develop severe or generalized hives as a result of this situation.

Female ejaculatory secretions:

When the G-spot is stimulated, fluid is released during ejaculation. Urea, uric acid, and creatinine are combined with pseudo prostate gland enzymes to form this liquid, which is secreted from the urethra. The structure of the female body allows her to ejaculate and release these secretions, but only about 10% to 50% of women do so.

source : webmdverywellhealthverywellhealth

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