Signs and symptoms of iron deficiency in the body

When the body does not have enough mineral iron, iron deficiency occurs, which leads to abnormal levels of red blood cells because iron needs protein in red blood cells to produce hemoglobin, which enables them to carry oxygen throughout the body.

If your body does not have enough hemoglobin, the tissues and muscles will not receive enough oxygen and will not function effectively. This leads to a problem called anemia.

Although there are different types of anemia, iron deficiency anemia is the most common anemia worldwide. One of the leading causes of iron deficiency is insufficient iron absorption due to a poor diet. Or restricted diet, inflammatory bowel disease, increased conditions during pregnancy, and heavy bleeding during menstruation.

Whatever the cause, it can lead to unwanted symptoms that affect your quality of life, including health, focus, and productivity at work.

iron deficiency

The leading causes, signs, and symptoms of iron deficiency

Iron deficiency signs and symptoms vary depending on the severity of the anemia, growth rate, age, and current health status. In some cases, people do not experience any of these symptoms. And there are symptoms of iron deficiency that start with the most common iron deficiency:


  1. Unusual fatigue:

Excessive fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of iron deficiency, affecting more than half of people. This is because your body produces a protein called hemoglobin, which is found in red blood cells. Needs iron; hemoglobin helps carry oxygen to the body.

When your body does not have enough hemoglobin, less oxygen reaches the tissues and muscles and depletes their energy. In addition, your heart needs to work harder to move oxygen-rich blood around your body, which can make you tired.


  1. Iron deficiency and paleness:

Bright color inside the lower eyelids is a common sign of iron deficiency. The hemoglobin in red blood cells gives the blood-red color. Locate an area, such as the face, pale gums or eyelids, and even nails.


  1. Shortness of breath:

Hemoglobin enables red blood cells to carry oxygen to the body. When hemoglobin is low due to iron deficiency, oxygen levels will be low.

This means that your muscles do not have enough oxygen to perform everyday activities such as walking. As a result, as your body struggles to get more oxygen, your breathing rate increases. Therefore, shortness of breath is one of the common symptoms.


  1. Dizziness and headache due to iron deficiency:

Iron deficiency can cause headaches. This symptom seems to be less common and is often accompanied by dizziness. In iron deficiency, low hemoglobin levels in red blood cells mean that there is not enough oxygen to reach it. There is no brain.

As a result, blood vessels in the brain may become swollen, causing pressure and headaches. Although there are many causes for headaches, recurrent headaches and dizziness can be signs of iron deficiency.


  1. Heart palpitations and iron deficiency:

A rapid heartbeat, also called a pulse, can be another sign of iron deficiency anemia. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that helps carry oxygen to the body.

In iron deficiency, low hemoglobin levels mean that the heart has to work hard to carry oxygen, leading to an irregular heartbeat or making your heart feel abnormal.

In severe cases, it can cause the heart to enlarge or even fail. However, these symptoms are much less common. You have to suffer from iron deficiency for a long time.

iron deficiency

  1. Dry and damaged hair and skin from symptoms of iron deficiency:

Dry, broken skin and hair can be a sign of iron deficiency, which is why when your body is iron deficient, it directs its limited oxygen to more critical functions such as organs and other tissues.

When the skin and hair are deprived of oxygen, it becomes dry and weak. In more severe cases, iron deficiency is associated with hair loss.

Swelling and sores on the tongue and mouth are signs of iron deficiency:

Sometimes just looking at the mouth or around it can be a sign of iron deficiency anemia. Symptoms include swollen, inflamed, pale tongue.

Low iron in hemoglobin can cause paleness of the tongue, while lower levels can cause the language to become injured, flattened, and swollen.

Myoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that supports your muscles, such as the muscle that makes up the tongue. Iron deficiency can also cause dry mouth or red cracks and sores in the corners of the mouth.


  1. Restless legs in iron deficiency:

This disease is associated with restless legs syndrome. Restless Legs Syndrome is an urgent need to move the legs at rest. It can also cause itching or itching or a strange itching of the feet’ skin and soles, which usually worsens at night, meaning that people may need sleep.

The cause of Restless Legs Syndrome is not fully understood. However, it is estimated that up to 25% of people with restless legs syndrome have iron deficiency anemia.


  1. Fragile and spoon-shaped nails:

Common symptoms of iron deficiency are brittle, spoon-shaped nails. This often starts with brittle nails that break and crack easily, and in later stages of iron deficiency, spoon-shaped pins can form in the middle of the nail. It comes in and out like a spoon, but it is a rare side effect and is usually seen only in severe cases of iron deficiency anemia.


  1. Other potential symptoms of iron deficiency:

There are other symptoms of iron deficiency. These are less common and can be associated with many diseases in addition to iron deficiency.

iron deficiency

Other symptoms of iron deficiency anemia include:

The feeling of stress:

Lack of oxygen available to weave the body in iron deficiency can cause anxiety, however, as iron levels tend to improve or dissolve.


Cold hands and feet:

Iron deficiency means that less oxygen reaches the limbs. Some people may generally feel cold or have cold hands and feet.


Recurrent infections:

Because iron is essential for a healthy immune system, its deficiency can cause you to get sick more than usual.


When to see a doctor:

See your doctor if you or your child shows signs and symptoms that indicate iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia is not something that can be treated on its own. So see your doctor instead of taking iron supplements.

Iron overload can be dangerous because excess iron accumulates can damage your liver and cause other complications.


Reasons for iron deficiency:

Iron deficiency anemia occurs when your body does not have enough iron to produce hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the part of red blood cells that gives red blood to the blood and enables red blood cells to carry oxygenated blood. Carry your body.

If you do not get enough iron or lose a lot of iron, the body can not produce enough hemoglobin, and iron deficiency anemia will eventually spread.


Causes of iron deficiency anemia include:


Blood contains iron, so if you lose blood, you also lose some iron. Women with heavy periods are at risk for iron deficiency anemia because they lose blood during menstruation.


Dietary iron deficiency:

Your body receives iron regularly from the foods you eat. If you eat less iron, your body will gradually become iron deficient. Examples of iron-rich foods include meat, eggs, leafy green vegetables, and iron-fortified foods. Children and infants need iron in their diet to grow properly.

Iron is absorbed from food in your small intestine. Celiac disease, which affects your gut’s ability to absorb nutrients from digested food, can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.

If part of your small intestine is surgically removed or removed, it may affect your ability to absorb iron and other nutrients.


Iron deficiency in pregnancy:

Iron deficiency anemia occurs in many iron-free pregnant women because their iron stores require increased blood volume and a source of hemoglobin for fetal growth.


These groups are more likely to be iron deficient:


Women generally lose their blood during menstruation.


Babies and children

Babies, especially those underweight and premature and who do not get enough iron from breast milk or breast milk, may be at risk for iron deficiency. Children need extra iron over time. If the child does not have a healthy and different diet, he may be at risk for anemia.


Iron deficiency in vegetarians:

People who do not eat meat may be at risk for iron-deficiency anemia if they do not eat iron-rich foods.

Regular blood donors:

People who donate regularly may increase their risk of iron deficiency anemia because donating blood can deplete iron stores. Lack of hemoglobin in blood donation may be a temporary problem in eating iron-rich foods. If you have been told that you can not donate blood because of low hemoglobin, talk to your doctor.

Symptoms of iron deficiency and its problems:

Iron deficiency anemia usually does not cause side effects. However, untreated iron deficiency anemia can be severe and lead to health problems, including:

Heart problems:

Iron deficiency anemia can lead to a fast or irregular heartbeat. Your heart needs more blood to make up for the lack of oxygen in your blood. This can lead to enlargement or heart failure.


Iron deficiency problems during pregnancy:

In pregnant women, severe iron deficiency anemia is associated with preterm birth and low birth weight infants. Still, it can be prevented in pregnant women who take iron supplements as part of prenatal care.


Growth problems:

In children and infants, severe iron deficiency can lead to anemia and stunted growth. In addition, iron deficiency anemia is associated with increased susceptibility to infections.


Iron deficiency and its prevention:

By choosing iron-rich foods, you can reduce your risk of iron deficiency anemia. Choose foods rich in iron foods that are rich in nutrients to include:

  • Red meat and chicken
  • Seafood
  • Beans
  • Dried fruits such as raisins and apricots
  • Flour fortified with iron, bread, and pasta
  • Peas

Choose foods that contain vitamin C to increase iron absorption. You can increase your iron intake by eating iron-rich foods, drinking fruit juices, or eating other foods rich in vitamin C. Vitamin C in citrus fruits, like orange juice, helps your body absorb iron.


Vitamin C is also abundant in the following foods:

  • Broccoli
  • Grapefruit
  • Kiwi
  • Green leaves
  • cantaloupe
  • Pepper
  • Strawberry
  • Tangerine
  • tomato

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