Regular watering of plants is one of the principles of maintaining their growth, and the following points must be observed for proper watering:
Make sure the soil is moist. A plant’s growth will be disrupted by too much watering or keeping it dry.
Mold on the soil surface or excess water. There is too much water in the plant, which indicates overwatering.
Water plants when the soil cracks or becomes lighter in color.
In or under the plant pot, remove stagnant water.
A lack of irrigation may cause the plant’s leaves to grow slowly, its edges to become brown and dry, and its lower leaves to become yellow and crooked.
Excessive watering causes the leaves to change color, grow slowly, fall, and develop mold spots.
Plants should be watered with room temperature or very cold or very hot water.
A fertilizer is a substance that contains elements to feed plants, and plants require 17 natural elements to grow, three of which are found in the air, namely oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon. The rest of the elements are provided to plants through fertilization, which includes:
For most houseplants, compost or an all-purpose fertilizer will do, and here are some tips:
Generally, liquid fertilizer is one of the best types of fertilizer, and potassium-rich fertilizer is best for flowering plants.
Fertilize most plants from March to September, when they are actively growing.
Stop fertilizing plants after leaf fall in fall and limit fertilizing in winter.
Nitrogen-rich fertilizers are needed for foliage, a plant grown for its ornamental leaves.
Plants should be pruned regularly
There are some plants that need their branches trimmed every once in a while, because plants that are not pruned can look random and irregular, and pruning helps maintain their health and growth, and it depends on the person’s nature and needs. There is awareness in the plant. The following points should be kept in mind when pruning plants:
Branches and stems that are dead should be removed. Insects are attracted to it.
Indoor plants should not be spilled tea or coffee, as they attract insects that can eat them and damage their appearance.
Make sure the temperature and light are right.
Different types of plants require different temperatures for growth. Cold-season crops, such as cucumbers and lettuce, require temperatures between 12-18°C, while warm-season plants need temperatures between 18-24°C.
Ensure that plants are protected from high temperatures.
There are some plants that cannot tolerate high temperatures. When temperatures rise above their normal range, plants can be preserved by taking simple steps.
Protecting the root of the plant from direct sunlight, keeping the soil moist around it and reducing water evaporation by placing sawdust around it.
Early in the morning, water the plants. Stump burns can occur as a result of high temperatures at the end of the day drying the soil and evaporating water rapidly.
Young plants and seedlings should be planted under stronger plants. Direct sunlight should be avoided by young plants.
Low temperatures should be protected from plants
While most people choose to plant flowers and trees that can withstand normal weather conditions, there are a number of precautions that need to be taken when temperatures drop. These include:
Cover the plant with plastic over a cloth to provide warmth and avoid covering it with plastic alone, as this will damage it. Remove the cover in the morning.
Put a string of small lights around the plant, such as Christmas lights. In order to keep him warm.
Water the plants in cool weather, but do so in the middle of the day when it is warmer. Water that is applied in cold weather freezes and does not reach the leaves.
Wrap the sides of the potted plants in cloth and move them to a warmer location.
When the temperature drops, cover the plants with an inverted bucket.
Plants need the right light
Depending on the type of houseplant, light can affect its growth differently. Most houseplants need between 16 and 12 hours of sunlight a day, and if the artificial light of the house is not the main source of light, they should be exposed to indirect sunlight from all sides during late spring and early summer.
Plant growth is affected by three characteristics of light:
By highlighting additional lights on indoor plants, you can increase the amount of light they receive, which allows them to grow more rapidly.
Plants can grow with the help of light. It is known that white light can encourage the growth of leaves and seedlings, while red and bright orange light produce heat and light, making them good sources of light for plants.
Some plants lose their flowering if they are exposed to light for a long time, and some need a longer time to flower if they are exposed to light for a long time. Plants that do not bloom in long light, such as chrysanthemums, can be induced to bloom by covering them for 12 hours.
During the process of plant growth, soil plays an important role, and there are six main types of soil, which are discussed here, along with how to make each type suitable:
A rock with high permeability, alkaline soil cannot hold water. Minerals such as manganese and iron are easily leached from chalky soils, which can be treated by continuously adding fertilizer.
After drying, the clay hardens and cracks, but it still contains a lot of nutrients.
Plants thrive in loamy soil. The soil is rich in nutrients and does not leak water easily.
Sandy soil doesn’t allow water to penetrate, heats up early in the spring, and is easy to handle, but it dries quickly, and when it rains, nutrients leak out. To preserve the soil’s nutrients and moisture, a lot of organic matter should be used.
Silt soil contains very small particles, so water cannot leak through it, and it keeps moisture inside itself. It also contains a high concentration of nutrients.
Keeping plants disease-free
The most important ways to protect plants from diseases are as follows:
Plant selection for disease resistance
Breeding disease-resistant plants is one of the best ways to prevent disease, and although it is impossible to find a completely disease-resistant plant, some types of plants do not suffer from disease problems at high rates.
Use fungicides regularly to prevent fungal diseases, keep pruning tools clean, don’t over-fertilize, and don’t over-water plants.
Ensure that plants are not overwatered
It is important to protect plants from excessive moisture, which eventually leads to rot, by using several methods, including:
Rain should not be allowed to fall on indoor plants
During heavy rains, cover houseplants with plastic tarps or move them indoors so they can breathe while protected from the rain.
Tall plant supports
It’s best to support tall plants with drooping branches, as bending may break their branches and expose them to moisture, so support them on a wooden support or gently tie them to a fixed tree.
Drainage holes should be made
You can direct rainwater away from plants by digging tunnels or making simple drainage holes.