Medical

The symptoms and treatment of kidney disease in women

Kidney disease in women : With unhealthy lifestyles and eating habits, kidney disease is no longer uncommon. Around 850,000 people die each year from kidney disease and other urinary tract problems, according to the World Health Organization.

A chronic disease, also known as chronic failure, is a factor in the decline of kidney function over several months or years. An individual with chronic kidney disease has a glomerular filtration rate of less than 60 ml / min or 1.73 m2 in three months or more.

video link

Each stage of a woman’s life affects her health differently. Women of childbearing age have different kidney problems from men, for example. High blood pressure and blood clots can aggravate the condition. For women with insufficiency taking birth control pills, their risk increases if they have significant problems; even women without kidney disease can become pregnant. The risk of childbirth is increased by preeclampsia and high blood pressure. High blood pressure and preeclampsia during pregnancy can lead to this organ’s insufficiency and increased risk of disease as we age.

Every year, more than 10 million people are hospitalized for urinary tract infections. Germs can spread to this part of the body and cause a more severe type of infection than pyelonephritis if left untreated. Pregnancy increases the risk of urinary and renal infections, which have become a widespread problem.

A number of lifestyle habits damage the kidneys and reduce their ability to purify blood waste, resulting in chronic kidney disease. In the body, waste accumulates, and if the kidneys cannot filter it, it can lead to many complications.

Common kidney diseases in women

Lupus nephritis (LN) :

Lupus nephritis is an autoimmune disease that causes damage to this organ. Immune system attacks body cells and tissues. Lupus-associated kidney disease may worsen over time and lead to kidney failure. Women are more likely to suffer from this condition than men, and it usually occurs during the reproductive years. Nine out of ten people with SLE are female.

Pyelonephritis (kidney infection):

Pyelonephritis is an infection of the lower urinary tract caused by bacteria. Left untreated, it can spread to the kidneys. Infections of the kidneys can be dangerous. Due to anatomical factors, urinary tract infections are more common in women and girls.

Common symptoms of kidney disease in women

Women are more likely to suffer from urinary tract infections because their urethra is shorter and closer to the anus. Therefore, bacteria are more likely to enter the urinary tract. Some older women with kidney infections may not have urinary tract infection symptoms and may not see a doctor. If not treated in time, this infection can cause permanent kidney damage. If not treated in time, this infection can cause:

Symptoms of kidney infections include fever and sometimes fever with chills. Fever starts suddenly and reaches above 101 degrees Fahrenheit in these people. Chronic kidney infections may not cause a fever or may cause a periodic fever.

In women, kidney infection can cause pain on both sides of the spine and on the same side of the body where the kidneys are infected. A severe infection in this organ is characterized by abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.

video link

Symptoms of kidney infection include urinary changes and the following symptoms:

  • Frequent urination
  • Urge to urinate immediately
  • A burning sensation when urinating
  • dark urine
  • Blood in the urine or pink or rust-colored urine

 

Infections of the kidney and urinary tract, if not diagnosed and treated in time, can spread to the bloodstream and cause sepsis.

 

Causes of chronic kidney disease

48% of men and 63% of women are obese in the abdominal area. Obese people are more likely to develop kidney disease than people of normal weight. Obesity accelerates the progression of kidney disease and its complications.

40-60% of chronic kidney disease is caused by diabetes and high blood pressure. Almost 75% of the population with an average or low body mass index has hypertension.

Arsenic, cadmium, fluoride, etc., are thought to pose a threat to kidney histology and chronic interstitial nephritis. In its early stages, chronic kidney disease is silent and asymptomatic. Patients with severe kidney disease:

  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Pain when urinating
  • Inflation
  • Frequent urination
  • backache
  • Anorexia
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Cause of kidney disease
  • Method of diagnosis of kidney disease in men and women

The problem occurs when examinations are delayed. Diabetes and high blood pressure are caused by unhealthy lifestyles. Changing your lifestyle and eating habits early can prevent kidney damage.

The following tests should be performed to screen and diagnose kidney function:

1- The presence of several markers in the blood indicates kidney function.
2- A urine test measures kidney clearance by comparing urine and blood markers.

3- Estimation of glomerular filtration: In order to determine the amount of glomerular filtration in the kidneys, a formula must be used that considers creatinine and serum levels, as well as toxin, sex, and race.

4- Imaging tests: Ultrasonic waves are used in kidney ultrasound to analyze the shape, size and function of this organ, which often detects damage to this organ or a change in filtration capacity.

prevention

Although we can’t do much about external damage to the kidneys and aging, many other major risk factors that contribute to kidney disease can be prevented.

As you age, regular exercise can help reduce the risk of kidney disease.

Blood pressure should be controlled to prevent kidney failure.

Diabetes patients should eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and control their blood sugar levels.

Limit salt intake.

 

Kidney infection during pregnancy; Causes, treatments, and preventive measures

Pregnancy is associated with health problems, but not all of them can be ignored, such as kidney infections, which need immediate attention. The changes in the urinary tract structure during pregnancy reduce urine flow, resulting in a bacterial infection in the lower urinary tract that spreads to the bladder, then one or both kidneys.

What causes kidney infection during pregnancy ?

Infection of the kidneys, or inflammation of the pelvis and kidneys, occurs when the infection enters the upper urinary tract. This causes inflammation of the kidney tissue and pelvis. Bacteria that enters the bladder and kidneys through the urethra often cause infection. Klebsiella pneumoniae is another bacterium that can cause a urinary tract infection. The most common cause of infection is a change in the urinary tract, such as an enlarged kidney or a compressed urethra and bladder.

Kidney enlargement:

During pregnancy, the hormone progesterone releases a high concentration, which delays the urinary tract and reduces urine flow. As a result, it accumulates in the bladder, causing the kidneys to enlarge and giving the bacteria time to multiply and cause infection.

Bladder compression:

As the uterus grows, it puts pressure on the urethra and bladder and restricts urine flow. In women, the infection spreads much more quickly than in men, because their urethra is shorter and closer to the anus. Therefore, bacteria pass from the stool in the anus to the urinary tract.

What are the symptoms of kidney infection during pregnancy?

Infections of this organ can be classified as acute or acute pelvic infections, each of which has different symptoms.

Symptoms of acute pelvic infection include:

  • Backache, fever
  • Decreased appetite
  • Pregnant women who have been pregnant for more than 16 weeks suffer from severe abdominal pain.
  • Fever accompanied by a sudden rise in body temperature.
  • Concentrated urine with pus.
  • Vomit.
  • Kidney sensitivity was affected.

Semi-acute pelvic infection

  • In this case, the symptoms appear gradually.
  • Lower back pain.
  • I was feeling sick.
  • Mild abdominal pain.
  • Irregular change in body temperature.
  • Vomit.

Subacute pelvic infections can be hard to diagnose since the symptoms appear slowly and, like other pregnancy disorders, are acute or subacute. The consequences of infection of this organ cannot be ignored.

When the infection of this organ is not treated during pregnancy, it can cause problems such as

Kidney ulcer:

This can lead to high blood pressure and kidney failure in the future.

Complications of kidney infection during pregnancy include:

Purifies all excess blood and reuses the purified blood within the body. Infection of this part of the body causes bacteria to enter the bloodstream and cause blood poisoning.

Complications of kidney infection in pregnancy include:

An infection of this part of the body causes an increase in bacteria in the bladder and fluid. This can result in the sac rupturing and premature birth. Low birth weight babies are born as a result of premature birth. A pelvic infection with high fever is a serious type of infection of this organ that can lead to miscarriage. If you suffer from severe back or side pain, vomiting, and fever, these could indicate an infection of this organ.

What are the complications of kidney infection during pregnancy?

Diagnosis of kidney infection during pregnancy:

If your doctor wants to determine your health history, he or she will ask you a few questions and check your file. A routine diagnosis could include:

Physical examination to diagnose kidney infection:

For this reason, the doctor gently presses around the kidney to determine how sensitive it is and how much pain it feels.

The following tests are used to diagnose kidney infection in pregnancy:

Urine test to detect pus, blood, bacteria, white blood cells, and red blood cells. A culture of clean urine can be used to identify the type of bacteria causing the infection. A blood test may also be conducted to determine the extent of the infection. A scan of the abdomen is also used to determine the size of the kidneys or if the urinary tract is obstructed.

Photographing the pelvis and kidneys to diagnose kidney infection:

A dye is injected into a vein during this type of imaging. X-rays can detect obstructions or abnormalities that pass through the urinary tract. In order to determine the extent of infection in this organ, fragmentation may be suggested. An ultrasound can also be used to check for urethral obstruction. You should be hospitalized if this organ is infected. The length of the hospital stay is determined by the severity of the infection and the length of time it takes to treat it.

How can I prevent kidney infections during pregnancy ?

During pregnancy, you can reduce your risk of developing a kidney infection by taking the following steps:

 

  • Drink 8 glasses of water every day.
  • This increases blood flow to the urinary tract.
  • A low blood flow reduces urine production, resulting in bacterial infection.
  • Yellow urine indicates adequate hydration.
  • Prevent bacterial infections by keeping your genital area clean.
  • Clean the area thoroughly after defecating to prevent the transmission of bacteria from the intestine to the urinary tract.
  • Use no soap or spray that irritates the skin. This can allow harmful bacteria to enter the body.
  • Avoid caffeine and alcohol during an infection.
  • Good health and a healthy diet can help prevent infection. They can also aid in your recovery.
  • Certain foods have been proven to fight infection in the body.

 

The following are home remedies for kidney infection :

Try to consume these foods to speed up your recovery.

1- Cranberry water increases the acidity of urine, which inhibits bacteria’s growth and prevents kidney infections.

2- Yogurt contains antioxidants. Further, the bacteria in yogurt prevent foreign bacteria from invading the mucous cells of the urinary tract.

3 – Consume foods rich in vitamin C, such as citrus fruits, broccoli, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes, kiwis, and strawberries.

4- Parsley juice is a natural cleanser that improves urine flow; Parsley juice helps eliminate toxins and microorganisms from the kidneys.

5- Marshmallow root is a diuretic that improves urine flow. Moreover, it fights unwanted microorganisms and protects the urinary tract from free radical damage.

6- Apple cider vinegar has antibacterial properties and balances the body’s pH; Apple cider vinegar prevents bacterial infections in the urinary tract; apple cider vinegar and honey are also useful.

7- Garlic is a natural diuretic that helps the body eliminate toxins and microorganisms.

8- Echinacea has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties; Echinacea is effective in treating swollen ureters and relieving pain when urinating.

9- Celery seed is antibacterial and antifungal. By increasing urine flow, it reduces toxins.

10- Kidney infections can be completely cured with the right medicine and care. Call your doctor as soon as you notice severe kidney infection symptoms.

When using a public restroom, be sure to observe personal hygiene and take your medications as prescribed by your doctor.

 

also read : 

renal diet – foods to avoid with kidney disease

The causes and symptoms of kidney protein excretion +video

The kidney and their diseases – everything we need to know

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

For security, use of Google's reCAPTCHA service is required which is subject to the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.

I agree to these terms.

Back to top button