Pregnancy, birth and baby

When should pregnant women take the most important supplements?

Pregnant women are limited in the types of medications and supplements they can take. Taking a pregnancy supplement that contains a variety of vitamins and minerals, however, is not only permissible, but also highly recommended. Because you and your growing fetus need to stay healthy and get all the nutrients you need during these nine months.

 

When should you start taking a pregnancy supplement?

1. When to decide to get pregnant

You should not only stop using contraceptive methods, quit smoking, and schedule an appointment with a gynecologist, but also start taking pregnancy supplements.

Pregnancy cannot be predicted in advance. This may take weeks or months. In contrast, you usually do not find out you are pregnant until a few weeks after fertilization. This is why supplementation is an important part of pre-pregnancy care.

 

2. As soon as you realize you are pregnant

Once the pregnancy test is positive, you should begin taking vitamins if you haven’t done so already. You do not need to wait for your gynecologist to recommend a specific brand of pregnancy supplement. Because in the first trimester of pregnancy, every day and every moment you spend is very important.

When should you start taking supplements before getting pregnant?

Growing and developing a fetus requires nutrients from your body. During these nine months, you may experience problems such as nausea, fatigue, pain, and mood swings. Your baby gets all the nutrients he or she needs directly from you. You are therefore at risk of deficiency of important vitamins and minerals during pregnancy. You can be sure that your body’s reserves are being depleted if you start taking pregnancy supplements before the fetus is formed.

 

What are the most important nutrients for pregnant women?

It is important to get a balanced intake of vitamins and minerals, but some nutrients are more essential to the formation of vital fetal organs, which begin to develop in the first weeks of pregnancy. Some of these nutrients include:

 

1. Calcium

In the womb, the baby builds its bones and teeth. Therefore, it needs a lot of calcium, which your body must provide. During pregnancy and lactation, your baby will get everything it needs directly from your bones, which can temporarily cause bone loss.

 

2. Iodine

Maintaining proper thyroid function in pregnant women requires adequate iodine intake. In mothers and children, iodine deficiency leads to the following problems:

Abortion
Mortality
Physical growth disorder
Mental retardation
Deafness

 

3. Iron

Iron provides the fetus with blood and oxygen, helps develop the placenta, and prevents anemia. Pregnant women are prone to anemia, so taking an iron supplement can ensure that you have the right amount of red blood cells in your body. Premature birth and low birth weight are risks associated with anemia during pregnancy.

 

4. folic acid
Folic acid or vitamin B9 can be found in green leafy vegetables, nuts, beans, and citrus fruits. But supplements should also be taken during pregnancy, since the need for this vitamin increases. The neural tube or structure that ultimately forms the brain and spine is formed from folic acid. The baby may be born with problems such as spina bifida or anencephaly if this process is not done correctly.

Fortunately, all experts agree that taking folic acid supplements significantly increases the chances of healthy neural tube development. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, adequate intake of this vitamin can reduce the risk of neural tube defects by up to 50 percent. After fertilization, the neural tube closes within four weeks. Thus, neural tube defects can occur early in pregnancy and before many women are aware they are pregnant.

Since half of all pregnancies are unplanned, all women of childbearing potential should take 400 micrograms of folic acid daily. Once your pregnancy is confirmed, you should increase your daily intake of this vitamin to at least 600 micrograms. Take folic acid supplements at least one month before becoming pregnant to prevent birth defects.

You should take folic acid if you have a history of giving birth to a baby with a neural tube defect. A higher dose of this vitamin (up to 4,000 micrograms) taken one month before pregnancy and during the first trimester of pregnancy may prevent this problem from recurring.

 

also contribute to your health during pregnancy. Depending on your condition, your doctor may recommend the following supplements:

5. Omega 3 fatty acids
The fats, which include DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid), are found only in certain foods, such as fatty fish (salmon). Omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight babies, according to studies. If you do not eat omega-3 rich foods, talk to your doctor about the need for supplements.

 

6. choline
Choline can be made by the body, but most of it must be obtained from food. Choline is found in beef, poultry, fish, and eggs. Choline is necessary for fetal brain development, but many pregnant women do not get enough of this nutrient.

During pregnancy, people take biotin supplements to keep their skin healthier and more radiant. Several studies link biotin to hair and nail growth, as well as skin beauty, which is why many people use supplements. However, these effects have not been proven by research.

Some studies indicate that taking dietary supplements may increase your chances of becoming pregnant. There is no magic bullet for treating infertility, but getting enough nutrients can help regulate the body systems involved in getting pregnant.

 

Are there any side effects to taking a pregnancy supplement?

Vitamins and nutrients in pregnancy supplements are generally not harmful. If they had such an effect, pregnant women would not be encouraged to take them. The amount of nutrients in pregnancy supplements is adjusted to meet the specific requirements of this period. If you don’t consume them too much, they won’t pose a problem.

These tips can help you minimize side effects of supplements if you are experiencing digestive issues:

Talk to your doctor about switching brands. A dietary supplement may be formulated in a way that is not right for you.

You may want to try another approach. Supplements for pregnancy can be found in the form of capsules, syrups, chewable pills, and even protein shakes. Changing the supplements you take can sometimes help with digestion problems.

Be sure to drink plenty of water before and after taking the supplement. Take water with a pregnancy supplement if you have constipation. In consultation with your doctor, you can also use a fiber supplement to solve this problem.

You can change the time when you take it. You can take a supplement with or without food if it causes nausea. Some people find it annoying to take supplements on an empty stomach, while some women find it more comfortable to take supplements on an empty stomach.

Taking a pregnancy supplement is one of the most important things you can do if you are serious about getting pregnant in the next few months. If you are already pregnant and have not taken the supplement before, start taking it as soon as possible. You and your baby both benefit from getting enough nutrients.

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