Diet plan for the treatment of hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the body does not produce enough thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones help control growth, cell repair, and metabolism. Therefore, hypothyroidism may experience fatigue, hair loss, weight gain, colds, and lethargy. The disease affects between one and two percent of people worldwide. Women will be 10 times more likely to get the disease than men.
Foods alone do not cure hypothyroidism, but a combination of nutrients and the right medications can help reduce these symptoms and improve thyroid function.
Which foods are essential?
Although diet can not completely cure hypothyroidism, it can play three critical roles in managing the disease.
Foods that contain specific nutrients such as iodine, selenium, and zinc can help maintain normal thyroid function.
Other foods interfere with thyroid function, such as foods containing citrus or soy. Therefore, reducing their consumption improves the symptoms of hypothyroidism.
Some foods and supplements can be related to how the thyroid is absorbed, limiting these substances. An underactive thyroid can lead to overweight because it will slow down a person’s metabolism. A person with an underactive thyroid should plan for a healthy diet to prevent overweight.
Changes in diet can affect how a person feels and help improve their quality of life.
The following nutrients can help improve hypothyroidism:
The body needs iodine to produce the thyroid hormone. Although the body cannot make iodine on its own, it must get it from the diet. Iodine deficiency can also cause the thyroid gland to enlarge.
Foods containing iodine include:
- Ice cream
- Iodized salts
Selenium is a nutrient that is involved in the production of thyroid hormone and has antioxidant activity. Thyroid tissue naturally contains selenium, and studies show that selenium in the body helps to avoid thyroid disease and increase a person’s overall health.
Foods containing selenium include the following:
- Brazilian peanuts
- Two heads
- Enriched bread
Zinc is another essential nutrient that has beneficial effects on a person’s thyroid hormones.
Zinc supplementation can be taken in combination with selenium or alone, which in both cases increases the levels of thyroid hormone T3 and T4. (Everything About Zinc Deficiency; Symptoms, Risks)
Foods containing zinc include the following:
- Pumpkin seeds
Here are some foods that are good for hypothyroidism:
- Egg yolk and white
- Meat in all types of white and red
- All kinds of fish, shrimp, and tuna
- All vegetables, mostly boiled
- All fruits, including raspberries, oranges, and tomatoes
- Gluten-free cereals such as rice, quinoa, chia seeds, and flaxseed
- Drinks such as water and other decaffeinated beverages
List of foods to avoid:
Some foods interfere with the thyroid, impair health, and improve thyroid problems by limiting their consumption.
Foods containing citrus are usually green and cross-shaped and include the following:
- Beetroot root
- Russian kale
- sweet potato
- Green tea
Although these foods have numerous other health benefits, as we have pointed out in the section on moist health, people with hypothyroidism should consume these foods in moderation to keep their hormones under control. Of course, cooking can reduce the effect of citrogen.
Hypothyroidism is associated with immune system disorders, so that you may be more prone to autoimmune diseases such as celiac disease.
Celiac disease causes chronic inflammation and damage to the small intestine, caused by the body not digesting gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat and other grains such as barley and buckwheat.
Celiac disease is treated by eliminating gluten from the diet. People whose hypothyroidism has led to immune system disorders should eliminate gluten from their diet.
Researchers have concluded that soy is related to how thyroid hormone is produced.
Studies show that severe hypothyroidism increases after consuming soy-containing substances for six months. If you do not consume these foods and take medication, you can improve hypothyroidism.
Foods containing soy include:
- Soy milk
- soya sauce
Processed foods are high in calories and have very few benefits, so they should be avoided. Processed foods also cause weight gain.
Examples of processed foods include the following:
- Hot dog
- fast food
Other diet tips
Some specific foods and supplements reduce the effects of hypothyroidism.
The following medications and supplements interfere with the body’s absorption of thyroid hormone:
- Medicines to reduce stomach acidity
- Iron supplement
- High fiber foods and beverages
- Foods high in iodine
- Soy-based foods
People taking these supplements and medications should be monitored regularly by their doctor to increase or decrease their thyroid control levels.
Essential tips for a healthy weight
- Get enough rest: Everyone needs 7 to 8 hours of sleep a night. Sleeping less than this will increase fat, especially in the abdomen.
- Practice eating smart: Pay attention to the foods you eat. Be careful how fast you eat. Connect with food. Studies show that believing in weight loss while eating is effective in reducing your weight.
- Do Yoga and Meditation: Yoga and meditation help relieve stress and increase your overall health, and research shows that these two exercises keep your weight healthy.
- Try a low carb diet: Eating low or medium carb diets is very important to maintain a healthy weight. However, you should not follow a ketogenic diet because too little carbohydrate intake can lower thyroid hormone.