Pregnancy, birth and baby

Urinary tract infection during pregnancy and all its risks

Does a urinary tract infection during pregnancy cause a miscarriage?

People get more urinary tract infections during pregnancy. During pregnancy, urinary tract infections can cause problems for the fetus and mother that need to be diagnosed early.

“In the middle of my pregnancy, my doctor informed me that I had a urinary tract infection and that I should be treated with antibiotics,” said one woman who experienced a urinary tract infection during pregnancy. I was surprised by the positive result of the infection test.

I had no symptoms and did not think I had an infection, and my doctor found out with a routine urine test.


What is a urinary tract infection during pregnancy?

Urinary tract infection occurs when bacteria outside the body enter a woman’s urethra and cause an infection. Women are more likely than men to get a urinary tract infection.

The female anatomy allows bacteria to enter the vagina or anus and into the urinary tract because they are all close together. Bacteria usually cause urinary tract infections in the skin, vagina, or anus that enter the urethra and move upwards.


Why is urinary tract infection common during pregnancy?

Urinary tract infections are common during pregnancy. Because a growing fetus can compress the bladder and urinary tract, it traps or secretes these bacteria. There are also physical changes, and in the sixth week of pregnancy, almost all pregnant women experience urethral swelling when their urethra dilates and continue to give birth.

The enlarged urethra and increased bladder volume, and decreased bladder volume all cause more urine to remain in the urethra. This allows bacteria to grow. To make matters worse, a pregnant woman’s urine becomes more concentrated and concentrated.

It also contains certain types of hormones and sugars. This can increase bacteria’s growth and reduce your body’s ability to fight off “bad” bacteria.


What are the types and causes of urinary tract infections during pregnancy?


Urinary or bladder infections:

Most bacteria stop and multiply in the bladder, causing inflammation and a bladder infection’s familiar symptoms. Urinary tract inflammation is joint in women between the ages of 20 and 50 who are sexually active.


kidney infection:

Bacteria can also pass through your bladder and infect one or both kidneys. Kidney infection is the most common medical disease during pregnancy. This infection can spread to the bloodstream and be life-threatening.

Kidney infection can have severe consequences for your baby. This increases the risk of preterm delivery and low birth weight baby and is associated with an increased risk of fetal mortality or stillbirth.


Asymptomatic bacteria:

Bacteria in the urinary tract may have no symptoms. This bacterium is known to be asymptomatic. When you are not pregnant, this condition is generally not a problem and often resolves on its own.

However, during pregnancy, asymptomatic bacteria significantly increase the risk of kidney infection and are associated with preterm delivery and low birth weight. This is one of the reasons why your urine is usually tested during pregnancy.


What happens if I get a urinary tract infection during pregnancy?

Asymptomatic bacteria are associated with preterm birth and low birth weight, and if left untreated, the risk of kidney infection increases by up to 40%.

To determine if there are bacteria in the urethra, your doctor will take your urine at your first prenatal appointment and send it to a lab for testing. If it is negative, you are less likely to get a urinary tract infection during pregnancy.


Is urinary tract infection hazardous during pregnancy?

Any infection during pregnancy can be hazardous for you and your baby because infection increases preterm birth risk. One patient says he has experienced this:

“I had a hard time understanding that an untreated infection during pregnancy could cause a lot of damage after giving birth. After giving birth to my first daughter, I returned home 24 hours after giving birth to about 105 degrees Fahrenheit (41 degrees Celsius). I had a fever.

I returned to the hospital with an undiagnosed infectious disease called UTI. It can be a deadly disease for both mother and baby. “The disease had spread to my kidneys, and as a result, my kidneys were permanently damaged.”



Sepsis is your body’s response to a severe infection. It is often referred to as “blood poisoning,” and causes severe fever and pain, and can be very annoying.

Inflammation can be so severe that it cuts off blood flow to your organs or fetus, which can be fatal to both of you.


Preterm delivery:

Urinary tract infections increase the risk of preterm birth, which leads to the baby not growing and breathing without assistance.


Risks of urinary tract infection during childbirth:

Like other bacterial infections, urinary tract infections can be transmitted to your baby during childbirth. This can cause severe conditions that can be life-threatening to your baby’s eyes, nose, or mouth.

If you think you may have a urinary tract infection during childbirth, you should talk to your doctor about the risks and other options to prevent the baby from becoming infected. You know your body, so make sure your doctor does not dismiss it as a natural sign of pregnancy.


What are the symptoms of a urinary tract infection during pregnancy?

  • Burning and pain when urinating
  • Dull or bloody urine
  • Pelvic or back pain
  • Frequent urination
  • Feeling fast urinating
  • Fever
  • Nausea or vomiting


Women who get a urinary tract infection are more likely to get it during pregnancy. This is also true for women who have multiple children.


Natural remedies:

Urinary tract infections often go away on their own. Despite the body’s natural defenses, fungi, bacteria, and viruses reach the urinary tract and are located in the bladder, urethra, and urethra.

Antibiotics are prescribed as the first line of treatment but should be strictly avoided during pregnancy. The best treatment option during pregnancy is treatment without antibiotics, and natural and safe home remedies should be used as much as possible. Be.


  1. Increase fluid intake:

Drinking plenty of water and fluids throughout the day is the best way to eliminate bacteria from the body. To keep your body hydrated, you should drink a glass of water after each meal to flush bacteria out of your body. Reduces infection.


  1. Frequent urination:

It would help if you urinated during pregnancy to prevent the growth of bacteria in the bladder. If a person does not urinate, the bacteria can multiply in the urinary tract and lead to infection.


  1. Keep your body clean and dry:

It would help if you tried to wear loose clothing to allow air to pass through and dry out the urethra. It would help if you dried your toilet after each wash to make sure bacteria do not enter the urethra.


 It would help if you did not allow sperm to enter your body:

You must use a condom in your relationship. The prevalence of urinary tract infections is higher among women who are sexually active and do not use condoms.


  1. Probiotics:

Probiotics protect the human body, which acts as a defense for the body. Yeast foods such as kimchi, probiotic yogurt, and raw cheese are foods that contain probiotics. Eating fermented foods repairs the body’s bacteria without causing disease.


  1. Garlic:

Raw garlic, freshly chopped, has many antimicrobial properties. The antifungal properties of garlic can cause fungal infections.


  1. Vitamin C:

Vitamin C reduces the risk of eczema. It improves the immune system and acidifies urine. If treated with vitamin C for three months, it improves women’s health and reduces urinary tract infections.


  1. Clove oil:

Clove oil is known for its antimicrobial, antiviral, and antifungal activity. The anti-inflammatory properties of clove oil are other benefits. However, there may be adverse reactions to the body, so please take them under your healthcare provider’s supervision.


  1. Orange oil:

The orange essential oil can be used successfully as a treatment for bacterial infections. It is a bacterium found in urinary tract infections. This medicine should be given to the patient after consulting a healthcare provider.


Urinary tract infections are usually caused by bacteria that enter the urinary tract and cause pain and discomfort. The recurrent nature of the disease increases the risk of developing drug resistance. They have unpleasant side effects, so you should try home remedies.


How can urinary tract infections be prevented during pregnancy, etc.?


Drink at least eight glasses of water a day.

Empty your bladder shortly before and after sex.

If you need a lubricant during sex, choose an oil.

Avoid strong deodorants and soaps that cause allergies.

Rinse the vaginal area with warm water before intercourse.

Wear cotton underwear.

Take a shower instead of borrowing.

Do not wear too-tight pants.


Risks of urinary tract infection during pregnancy:

Since urinary tract infections are common during pregnancy, there is no need to worry.

Problems arise if left untreated.

If it is not stopped with antibiotics, it can spread to the kidneys. From there, it can lead to problems in your pregnancy.


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