A regular examination can show the early signs of the disease. They are finding a problem or illness as soon as possible means increasing the effectiveness of treatment. Many factors such as age, health, family history, and lifestyle affect people’s need for checkups.
A medical examination should usually be part of your routine because your doctor can diagnose your various physical conditions such as minor illnesses, colds, and more, so he or she will tell you to get tested every once in a while. Do. It also reminds you of your lifestyle and any changes in this direction.
Why are regular checkups important?
Regular checkups are essential even for perfectly healthy people. Its purpose includes the following:
- checkups for any health problems in the person
- Assess the risk of future problems
- Healthy lifestyle reminders
- Vaccination update
- Complete medical examination
Regular checkups for young people help them recognize the early and devastating symptoms of a disease. Heart disease, diabetes, and some cancers can be diagnosed in the early stages, and their treatment will be very successful. The following examinations are usually recommended.
A heart test is done to checkups for heart disease, which includes the following:
It is usually recommended that you have your blood pressure checked every two years. Of course, if you are under 40, you do not have a family history of high blood pressure or heart disease, but if you are over 40 or have a family history of high blood pressure, stroke, or heart attack, it should be done soon.
The later hypertension is diagnosed, the higher the risk of heart attack, stroke, heart failure, and kidney damage. Maximum blood pressure is above 140, and minimum blood pressure is above 90 mm Hg. If the ultimate blood pressure is between 130 and 140 or the minimum blood pressure is between 85 and 90 mm Hg, “borderline” blood pressure is considered.
Blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels can be measured in this test. High levels of these substances indicate various problems, including heart disease. If you are over 45 years old, you should have this test every five years. If you have a family history of heart disease, do it every year from 40.
An ECG is a painless test that examines for any imbalances and electrical activity in the heart.
Being overweight is a risk factor for heart problems and may even increase diabetes and vascular disease risk. So be sure to ask a specialist doctor to measure your body mass index and do this every two years. If you are at high risk, you should check your weight as soon as possible.
Diabetes screening involves measuring blood sugar levels, which measure glucose levels. This test is usually done before breakfast.
This test’s average level is less than 110 mg per deciliter, and the intermediate level of blood sugar two hours after eating is less than 140.
By fasting blood sugar tests, type 2 diabetes can be diagnosed in the early stages, and by controlling the disease, eye, kidney, cardiovascular and other complications can be prevented. All healthy people over the age of 45 with no family history of diabetes should have their blood sugar measured every six months, and people who are at higher risk for diabetes should go to the lab every three months for a simple blood test.
People who are most at risk for type 2 diabetes are:
- Family history of diabetes
- History of diabetes in the past
- Age over 45 years
- Overweight or obesity
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Active lifestyle
- Chest pain
- History of heart attack and stroke
- History of polycystic ovary syndrome
- History of gestational diabetes
Intestinal cancer examination
For this type of checkup, they perform a particular blood test in which they use chemicals to check bowel movements in the blood and look for signs of bowel cancer. If you are over 50, do this at least once every two years. If you have a family history of this cancer, get it after the age of 40.
People at risk for bowel cancer need a colonoscopy every 5 years. During the test, the doctor inserts a unique tube called a colonoscope into the anus to look at the anus and colon to check for imbalances.
Examination for different eye conditions
Optometry usually becomes more important with age. New eye diseases such as glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, or any muscle problem in the eye are generally seen after aging.
People over the age of 65 should have this test every year. If people have the following problems, they should pay more attention to this test:
- Family history of eye diseases
- History of eye disease or injury
- Some medical conditions, such as high blood pressure or diabetes
- Taking certain medications
- If you are currently wearing glasses or contact lenses, you should have this test done every year.
- Young people who do not have glasses and lenses should do this every two years.
checkups blood lipids
In people over 30, if their LDL cholesterol is less than 130, every 5 years, and if their LDL cholesterol is between 130 and 160 (borderline), they should have a blood lipid test every one to three years because it has low cholesterol. (LDL), triglycerides (TG) and good cholesterol (HDL) increase the risk of atherosclerosis and stroke. If a person has cardiovascular problems and follows an unhealthy, high-fat diet, this test should be repeated every six months.
Skin cancer examination
A complete skin examination is needed to diagnose skin cancers. The American Cancer Society recommends that skin examinations be performed every 3 years between the ages of 20 and 40 and every year after age 40 to assess skin health. If a problem occurs, diagnose the disease early and immediately to the person being treated. It takes time.
Examination of women
Women also need regular checkups to diagnose their problems. There are different types of special tests for women, the most important of which we will introduce to you.
Cervical imaging is usually recommended every 5 years. This test is accurate and safe, and it is generally recommended that you start at age 25.
If the results are expected, try again 5 years later. If you have been vaccinated against HPV, you should still get tested regularly because it is not resistant to HPV infections.
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Married women should have a urine test between the ages of 15 and 29. They should also be tested for sexually transmitted infections.
A sampling of cervical cells
The test of cell samples taken from the cervix in women is called PAP SMEAR. This test is the best way to identify the precancerous and latent effects of small tumors.
Early detection of cervical cancer helps treat it quickly, so married women should see a gynecologist for a Pap smear once a year, but this test is unnecessary for single girls.
Women should have this test prescribed by a doctor for three consecutive years. If their test is negative, they can have difficulty with their doctor every three years.
Women with warts and infections are more likely to get cervical cancer, so they should have fewer Pap smears.
Day 12 or 13 of the menstrual cycle, when the cervical mucosa is thicker and more cells can be removed using a Pap smear, is the best time to do this test. You should not have sex 48 hours before the Pap smear.
Be sure to do special tests before pregnancy. There are several tests you can do during pregnancy to make sure you and your baby are healthy.
Pregnancy tests include ultrasound, urine tests, blood tests, and genetics. Some of them are recommended for all pregnant women, but others are only necessary for high-risk women, which a doctor usually prescribes.
Breast cancer is also present in men, but breast cancer is much more common in women. Breast cancer in women has nothing to do with being married or single. Predisposing factors such as the history of breast cancer in relatives, especially first-degree relatives (mother, sister, daughter), inactivity and obesity after menopause, significant fat intake, aging, history of breast cancer and recurrence, late menopause (after age 55), not having children or even giving birth to the first child after the age of 30 increases the risk of disease in some women.
Women over the age of 25 should be examined by a doctor once a year, and on the advice of a doctor from the age of 35, should have a mammogram every 5 years and then every two years.
Women between the ages of 40 and 50 should have a breast mammogram every two years, and mothers between the ages of 50 and 70 should have a breast mammogram annually.
Women with a family history of breast cancer should start mammography early under a doctor’s supervision.
Bone density test
Calcium storage in prenatal bone begins and continues until the age of 30. Between the ages of 30 and 35, each person’s bone mass peaks, and after that age, bone mass begins to decline, so that 30% of women over the age of 75 develop osteoporotic fractures.
The stiffness and degree of strength of the body’s bones can be determined using a bone density test or bone density test. The most common methods for measuring bone density are DEXA and X-ray methods.
To diagnose and treat osteoporosis early and prevent its progression, it is recommended that all women over 60 and men over 70 have a bone density test.
This test should be done between the ages of 40 and 45 for people with a history of fractures or a family history of osteoporosis, as 70% of osteoporosis is genetic. These people should have a bone density test every year.
Prostate cancer examination
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men globally, for which there is no known cause. Prostate cancer increases with abnormalities in male hormones and antigens, poor diet, environmental factors such as living in large industrial cities, genetic factors, and family history.
Talk to your doctor about this test. This test is not generally recommended for all men. That’s why your doctor can determine how many times you should have this test.
To diagnose prostate cancer, a non-cancerous prostate can be diagnosed by examining the thumb. If it is suspected, symptoms such as persistent back pain, burning, and frequent urination, poor and involuntary urination, inability to urinate, poor urination flow, presence of Blood in the urine, secretion of semen with pain, and testing for PSA or prostate-specific antigen were diagnosed in prostate cancer.
Stomach cancer examination
Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers in men and is diagnosed too late because the tumor has a growing space in the stomach, and when it is detected, stomach cancer is over.
Stomach cancer is associated with loss of appetite, weight loss, stomach pain, indigestion, feeling full even after eating small amounts of food, nausea, vomiting, and black stools. If you experience these symptoms, you should see your doctor. The gastrointestinal tract was informed by endoscopy and MRI to check your health.
Checkups for bladder cancer.
One of the leading causes of death globally is bladder cancer, which is more common in men than women. Men who smoke and men who have a history of exposure to chemicals used in the paint, leather, and rubber industries should have periodic urine tests after age 50 to detect bladder cancer earlier.
Blood in the urine and discoloration of the urine (reddish-brown) is an essential symptom of bladder cancer. Men over 40 should check their urine color every day and see a urologist if there is a permanent change in urine color.
Investigation of colorectal cancer
Experts say that colon cancer often originates from colon polyps and that if the polyps are identified and removed soon, colon cancer can be prevented. A secret blood test may be needed to detect polyps and colon cancer early. This is a chemical test that detects a small amount of blood in the stool.
Lung cancer screening
Lung cancer symptoms include increased sputum levels, wheezing, prolonged cough, blood in the sputum, extreme tiredness, and appetite loss. If you are a smoker, see your doctor if you have these symptoms.
Examination for older men
The older you get, the better you can take care of your health. As mentioned, men and women should have their blood pressure, bowel cancer, cholesterol test, heart disease, diabetes test, lung cancer, and osteoporosis tested every year.
Dental examinations are usually recommended every year or sometimes every six months.
Hearing tests are also recommended for people with hearing loss symptoms.
Necessary periodic examinations after the age of 45 to 50 for men and women
Annual and general review to check the health of the body and diagnose some diseases such as anemia, various types of cancer, etc. with the help of blood tests or CBC
Exercise every two years and check your cardiovascular health annually.