Pre-pregnancy measures and tests to have a safe pregnancy and a healthy baby
The importance and value of prenatal care are well documented because it puts the mother and child on her path. Medical examination during pregnancy is recommended. However, in recent times, most specialists have recommended pre-pregnancy or pre-pregnancy care.
What are pre-pregnancy checkups?
Pre-pregnancy screening includes a set of tests that your doctor may do on you and your partner to make sure you are both healthy.
Based on the results of these tests, your doctor will give you instructions to follow in areas such as exercise, diet, lifestyle, and supplements. She also recommends changes in some habits such as smoking and alcohol consumption for a safe pregnancy and having a healthy baby.
Why are pre-pregnancy checkups important?
Pre-pregnancy examinations are essential to ensure the mother’s health and have the physical ability to bear and bear the baby. The pre-pregnancy test is necessary for couples because it can increase a woman’s chances of getting pregnant.
If a pre-pregnancy examination is found, the risk of congenital disabilities, irregularities, or miscarriages is reduced. This helps to address future problems that may arise during pregnancy due to existing health problems with both men and women.
Medical professionals can provide the necessary care before delivery, during delivery, and after delivery.
What are pre-pregnancy tests?
For pre-pregnancy tests, you should see the following specialists:
- Family doctor:
This trained specialist can treat diseases and take care of you during and after pregnancy.
A midwife is a trained and educated person who can care for pregnant women or others regardless of age.
This is a doctor trained in the care of pregnant women and childbirth.
- Fetal and maternal specialist:
A doctor who specializes in caring for at-risk women. If you have a health condition, you may have problems during or after pregnancy to have a contraceptive specialist.
- Family nurse:
This doctor has a nursing degree and is fully qualified to care for pregnant women.
- Nurse and gynecologist:
This person is qualified and cared for by women and is aware of pregnancy-related problems.
What happens during pre-pregnancy checkups and tests?
During a pre-pregnancy check-up, your doctor will perform various tests and tests to make sure you are ready for pregnancy.
- Check the weight:
You need to know that your body weight should be commensurate with your body size and type. If this is not the case, your doctor may recommend specific changes in your diet or prescribe medications to help you regain the weight.
If you are at a healthy weight, your doctor will advise you not to get pregnant. A body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 and 22.9 is ideal for women.
- Mental health screening:
Psychological problems such as anxiety disorders, depression, or eating disorders during pregnancy are complex. Because there will be significant mood changes, this may exacerbate the condition and interfere with fertilization.
To reduce the risk of mental disorders, mental health screening is done by your doctor before or during pregnancy during or after the examination.
- Urine test:
Urine testing for urinary tract infections and kidney disease is part of pre-pregnancy control.
- Obstetric screening:
This screening is done to check for uterine cells, cysts, benign tumors, or any pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), as well as irregular periods and PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) or any gynecological condition. This is another delivery that can disrupt pregnancy.
- Chest, pelvic and abdominal examinations:
A pelvic exam examines infections such as yeast or trichomoniasis that may be causing the problem. The abdomen is examined for any physical abnormalities. Breasts are examined for lumps that may need attention. To be.
- Blood pressure:
Blood pressure is checked for BP too high or too low, as both can lead to problems.
- PAP test:
Having a Pap smear is an integral part of your first visit to the doctor. This test is done by inserting a speculum into the vagina to see the uterus. The doctor then places a cotton ball on the cervix, collects the cells, and sends them to a lab for analysis.
This test evaluates whether you are infected with a sexually transmitted disease (STD) such as gonorrhea, syphilis, HIV, or hepatitis B. If the doctor finds abnormal cells during the test, a colposcopy is performed.
- Blood test:
Vitamin D deficiency
- Genetic conditions:
If your family has a history of thalassemia, cystic fibrosis, or Down syndrome, further research is needed, and you should talk to your doctor.
Tell your doctor about contraception. Many measures do not affect pregnancy. However, if you have used birth control pills, it may take up to a year for your fertility to return to normal.
- Past pregnancies:
It is always advisable to talk about miscarriages or ectopic pregnancies you may have had in the past. Although this may be difficult for you, it helps your doctor prepare for the best treatment.
- Frequently Asked Questions:
You can expect your doctor to talk about your general healthy diet, lifestyle, and current job. Share any side effects with your menstrual cycle. Any health condition such as asthma or diabetes can also come to your doctor during the examination.
What is checked in a pre-pregnancy test?
Blood tests should be done before pregnancy and after pregnancy before deciding to become pregnant. Your doctor is undoubtedly the best person to suggest appropriate tests, so it’s best to talk to him or her about:
- Complete blood count (CBC):
This is a mandatory test to determine if you should take iron supplements. You can suffer from anemia when your body is deficient in iron.
- Hepatitis B test:
This test is recommended if your doctor feels that you are at risk for the disease. You can be vaccinated against hepatitis B before pregnancy.
- Herpes test:
If you or your partner have a history of genital herpes, this test should be done before you know it. This test should be done even if you have no signs of genital herpes.
- Blood test:
A blood test determines your immunity to chickenpox or rubella.
- Syphilis test:
This test ensures that the mother has syphilis or not so that it does not spread to the baby. Syphilis causes miscarriage or fetal death, so your doctor may recommend this test.
- HIV test:
Human immunodeficiency virus testing is mandatory because HIV reduces the body’s ability to fight infections by attacking the immune system. The virus can be transmitted to your baby during childbirth and breastfeeding.
Tests that can be considered at the first visit during pregnancy:
Cervical cytology (Pap smear):
Women who have had a Pap smear with the recommended screening test (two years) do not need to be retested during pregnancy. However, there is no evidence that Pap smears are dangerous during pregnancy, and women who need screening should be tested at their first visit during pregnancy.
Screening for blood disorders:
Some women may need additional screening tests for hemoglobinopathy (an inherited blood disorder in which hemoglobin deficiency is abnormal).
Your doctor will determine if these tests are necessary based on the results of regular blood screening tests.
Chickenpox antibody screening may be done in women who have never been vaccinated against chickenpox or are unsure about having the disease or vaccination.
However, because the varicella vaccine is not recommended for management during pregnancy, varicella antibody screening is ideally performed before a woman becomes pregnant.
Do I need a dental examination before pregnancy?
A complete dental examination is as vital as a pre-pregnancy examination. By eliminating the risk of bacteria in the gums, you ensure that the bacteria are not transmitted to the baby through the amniotic fluid.
Planning for pregnancy:
Pre-pregnancy Talk to your doctor about pre-pregnancy health care. Your doctor will talk about your health history and any medical conditions you currently have that can affect your pregnancy.
She will also talk about pre-pregnancy problems, the medication you are currently taking, the vaccinations you need, and the steps you can take before pregnancy to prevent congenital disabilities.
If you already have a medical condition, make sure they are controlled and treated. Some of these conditions include sexually transmitted diseases, diabetes, thyroid, brain disorders, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, eating disorders, and chronic diseases.
Taking certain medications during pregnancy can cause severe congenital disabilities. These include some over-the-counter or over-the-counter drugs or supplements. If you plan to become pregnant, you should see a doctor before becoming pregnant and making sure that you are taking only the necessary medication.
Some vaccinations are recommended before pregnancy, during pregnancy, or just after delivery.
Getting the suitable vaccine at the right time can help your child stay healthy and prevent illness or lifelong illness.
Take 400 micrograms of folic acid daily:
Folic acid is a B vitamin. If a woman has the necessary folic acid for her body at least one month before and during pregnancy, it can prevent congenital disabilities in the spine and the baby.
Stopping alcohol, smoking, and drug use on the street:
Smoking, drinking alcohol, and taking street drugs can cause many problems for women and children during pregnancy, such as premature birth, congenital disabilities, and infant death.
Get help if you want to get pregnant and not stop drinking, smoking, or using drugs.
Avoid environmental toxins:
Avoid toxins and environmental contaminants at work or home, including synthetic chemicals, metals, fertilizers, insecticide sprays, or mouse feces. These substances can damage the reproductive system of men and women. They can make pregnancy more difficult.
Maintain your mental health:
Mental health is that when we adapt to life, we think, feel and act. To be at your best, you need to feel good about your life and gain value.
Everyone gets upset or anxious. But if these feelings do not go away and do not interfere with your daily life, you should help yourself. Talk to your doctor or other health care professional about your feelings and behavioral choices.
Having and maintaining a healthy weight:
People who are overweight or obese are at higher risk of many serious diseases, including pregnancy problems, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancers. People who are overweight are also at risk for serious health problems.
Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight is not a short-term diet change. It is a lifestyle that includes healthy eating and regular physical activity. If you are underweight, overweight, or obese, talk to your doctor about ways to achieve and maintain it. Talk about a healthy weight before pregnancy.