Tomato is one of the most valuable and widely consumed vegetables that if you are interested in tomatoes, you can grow even at home.
How to grow tomatoes at home; How to grow tomatoes?
Tomato is one of the most valuable vegetables that is eaten cooked and raw. Although tomatoes have been found in all seasons in recent years, organic summer tomatoes taste better. You can grow organic tomatoes at home and enjoy their unique taste; you do not need a garden for this, but you can also plant tomatoes in pots and only need the right sun and heat. By planting tomatoes, you can use the healthy tomatoes you have planted whenever you want. If you want to get acquainted with the method of planting tomatoes and know when is the best time to plant tomatoes, join us.
Teaching the steps and methods of growing tomatoes at home
To facilitate your work, we categorize the steps so that you can proceed according to these steps, which are:
Start with the seeds
Tomatoes can be grown from packaged dried seeds, fresh seeds from chopped tomatoes, or ready-made seedlings. You can buy seeds online from seed exchanges, locals, or elsewhere. You can also buy seeds from the garden of a store. If you want to collect the seeds of the plant, you need at least one tomato. Make sure the tomatoes are hereditary or pollinated. If you pick tomatoes from a chemically controlled seed transplant, the results may not be dramatic. Planting tomato seedlings is the easiest way to grow tomatoes.
A tomato plant can be classified as follows:
Inherited or combined:
Inherited are tomatoes that have been genetically propagated for several generations without reproduction. They are pure tomatoes. Hybrid tomatoes are a combination of two types.
Known and unknown tomatoes:
This method describes the fruiting time of the plant. Known plants bear fruit for a few weeks, but plants of this unknown factor bear fruit throughout the season unless the weather is very cold.
Tomatoes are divided into four categories in terms of shape:
Tomatoes are divided into four categories in terms of shape: spherical, grilled, pasty, and cherry.
Cherry tomatoes are very small and are used to make salads.
Grilled tomatoes are the largest tomatoes, and spherical tomatoes are the best form of tomatoes.
Dough tomatoes are also used to make sauces.
Put the tomatoes in a plastic container
To plant tomatoes, you need a plastic container with a wide lid for a few days. To plant, first cut the tomatoes in half and place them in a container.
Label the container
If you use several types of tomatoes for planting, label the container so that you do not mistake. Put the lid on the container but do not close it until oxygen reaches it.
Put the tomatoes in the right place
Place the container where you put the tomatoes in a suitable place away from direct sunlight, such as storage, etc., because the fermentation process can have an unpleasant odor.
Stir the dish every day
After a few days, a layer of fungus appears on the seeds. This process can eliminate many diseases caused by seeds, which can affect the subsequent production of plants. Be sure to pick the seeds shortly after the fungus has formed so that the seeds do not germinate in the container.
Remove the fungal layer
Remove the fungal layer using gloves. Tomato seeds sink to the bottom of the dish.
Peel a squash, grate it and squeeze the juice
Pour all the dish contents into a strainer and be careful not to throw away the seeds. After collecting all the seeds in a strainer, wash them thoroughly with water.
Dry the seeds
After washing the grains, spread them on a non-stick surface such as a glass container or ceramic tile, sheet, board, etc., because it is very difficult to separate the dry grains from the paper or cloth. Let the seeds dry completely for a few days, and then wrap them in a plastic bag. Be sure to label the seeds in the container.
Store the seeds in a cool, dark place
Place the dried and packaged seeds in a sealed container in the refrigerator to simulate winter weather. Please do not put the seeds in the freezer as it will damage them.
Cultivation of tomatoes by seed sowing method
If you want to grow tomatoes by seed, you must:
Sow tomato seeds in early spring
It is best to plant tomato seeds in pots in early spring when the weather is still cold and let them grow indoors, as cold temperatures in early spring will kill the young seedlings. To improve production chances, start growing seeds indoors.
Choose the right pot
Buy plastic pots or similar small pots for sowing seeds. You can find these vases in the garden supplies store.
Fill the container with suitable soil
Before filling the soil, disinfect the planting containers and fill them with soil suitable for sowing seeds (a mixture of coco peat and perlite). Place 2 or 3 seeds in 1/4 inch to a depth of about 4.10 cm in each pot. Cover the seeds with 1 cm of soil and water in a bright place.
Check the pot every day
To keep the soil moist, you can put the seeds in a plastic bag. Check the planting site daily to make sure the potting soil is moist. After 5-10 days, your seeds will germinate. When plants emerge from the soil, they grow rapidly. After germination, move them to a place where sunlight shines on the buds.
Planting tomatoes at home by transplanting the plant
Another method that we will talk about in this section in the form of home tomato training is the method of plant transfer, which we have discussed below.
Wait for the plant to prepare for the transfer
After the plant germinates in the pot, wait until at least two rows of leaves are added to your bud, and the seedling roots are ready enough for transplanting. Note that the plant should grow 15 cm to avoid the risk of frost in the open.
Gradually place the plant in the open air
About a week before the plant is moved outside, you should gradually adjust it to the outside temperature. Gradually expose the plants to sunlight and a relatively shady area, starting with an hour or less a day, and gradually increase the hours that the plants stay outdoors.
Prepare seedling transfer space
If you want to plant the seedlings in a larger pot or garden, you need to prepare the soil. Use well-drained soil with the right amount of organic matter. The use of moss in the soil improves drainage; to do this, remove more than half of the soil and mix the soil in proportion to the immature moss and pour it at the planting site.
Test the soil compaction level
After adjusting the soil, test the pH level. If the pH level is less than 6, add dolomite lime to the soil to increase the pH level. If the soil pH is above 7, mix the sulfur grains to lower the pH level. Tomatoes grow in the soil at the PH of 6 and 7.
Make a hole in the soil
Make a hole in the soil; it should be deep enough. Pour a tablespoon of organic matter such as compost into the cavity. This will further increase the growth of the plant.
Plant the seedlings
To transfer tomato sprouts to the main planting site, plant them lightly in the hole with the soil around the roots. Try not to damage the roots during the transfer process. For planting in the garden, the distance between each seedling should be 60-40 cm.
Place the wood next to the plants
This helps the plants to become stronger and the fruits to be uprooted more easily than the tree. Be careful not to damage the roots.
Tips for better tomato growth
After transferring the buds to the pot or the main garden, pay attention to the following points:
Best planting time
The best time to plant tomatoes is usually spring, but if you plant tomatoes in pots and at home, make sure the tomatoes grow at 20 degrees.
Tomatoes spoil with a lot of watering; water the tomatoes only when the potting soil is dry. Irrigation of the plant base helps prevent the spread of mold to the leaves.
Tomatoes need at least 6-10 hours of sunlight during the day or to grow. Therefore, your plant should be located in a place that receives direct sunlight.
Two weeks after germination and with low plant growth, use liquid fertilizer containing phosphorus, potassium, and nitrogen once a week, but do not fertilize it after flowering.
The best temperature for growing tomatoes is between 20-25 degrees during the day and between 17-19 degrees at night.
It is better to prune the plant’s lower leaves to spend energy on the stem’s growth and strengthen it. Branches grow between the lateral stem and the main stem, separating these branches from the tomato plant.
Help with pollination
To fill the plant in the garden, bees, butterflies, and wind pollinate in nature. Indoors, you can do this by shaking the plant’s stem and tapping it gently to be well pollinated and has more harvest.
It takes between 60 and 80 days for a tomato to bear fruit. Your tomato plant can bear fruit in all seasons. To pick fruits, rotate them gently and avoid pulling.