Blood sugar control is one of the most important factors during pregnancy. Indeed, controlling your blood sugar will help you have a successful pregnancy. Diabetes control is essential for people with diabetes who want to get pregnant and people who have diabetes during pregnancy. In this article, we look at what a woman’s blood sugar should be like during pregnancy to make sure it is normal.
What is gestational diabetes?
It is reported that on average, 2 to 4% of women develop transient diabetes, also known as gestational diabetes. This is because they are not able to produce more insulin to overcome the resistance level.
Blood sugar control during pregnancy:
Reasonable blood sugar control reduces the risk of complications for mother and baby. HbA1c for mothers before and during pregnancy is 6.1%.
People with pre-gestational diabetes are advised to control their blood sugar levels well before and during pregnancy. The first eight weeks of pregnancy are critical, so it is strongly recommended that you monitor closely. Do not get pregnant without planning.
Mothers with gestational diabetes are initially treated with diet and exercise, but if their blood sugar levels remain high, they may develop hypoglycemia or inject insulin.
To help you reach your proper blood sugar level, you are expected to test your blood sugar before each meal and one hour after a meal. People who take insulin for their diabetes should take it every time before bed and try their blood sugar level.
To control diabetes, blood tests are done at regular intervals. During pregnancy, you will need a high level of care from the medical team.
How does diabetes affect a child?
Diabetes during pregnancy has been reported to increase the likelihood of having abnormally larger babies and congenital disabilities.
Infant mortality and congenital disabilities:
The risk of infant mortality or congenital disabilities increases in diabetic mothers; however, with primary care, the risk can be reduced by ensuring maternal health before and after pregnancy.
Also, if a woman has diabetes before pregnancy, the complications associated with diabetes can get worse. These include high blood pressure, kidney disease, nerve damage, which is a type of diabetes.
The baby of a woman with diabetes often produces a lot of insulin in response to high blood sugar levels in the mother’s body. In type 1 diabetes, your body does not have any extra insulin, so your need for insulin may increase, and your health team should be able to recommend the best way to control your diabetes.
Gestational diabetes increases the risk of congenital disabilities in babies, mainly if your blood sugar is not controlled in the first ten weeks of pregnancy. High blood sugar also helps the fetus grow too much, leading to labor and making labor more complex and increasing the risk of fractures or nerve damage.
Older babies are more likely to be born by cesarean section. Babies of diabetic mothers are at risk for shortness of breath, jaundice, and dangerous levels of calcium and blood sugar deficiencies.
Diagnosis of gestational diabetes:
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed when your blood sugar is too high after two glucose tests. The first test, which is usually done between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy, requires drinking 50 grams of glucose solution and checking its level.
Suppose your blood sugar level is higher than 130 mg/dL. In that case, your doctor will probably set up a second instruction for your glucose test that measures blood sugar during fasting and 2 to 3 hours after the initial examination.
If fasting glucose is above 95 mg /dL and more than 180 mg/dl one hour later, gestational diabetes is more than 155 mg/dL two hours later, or more than three hours later. From 140 mg per deciliter.
For pregnant women without diabetes, the average fasting glucose varies between 69 mg/dL and 75 mg/dL. One hour after eating, it is from 105 mg/dL to 108 mg/dL. If you have early-onset diabetes or gestational diabetes, management’s goal is to keep your blood sugar as close to normal as possible without lowering it too much.
According to the American Diabetes Association guidelines for 2014, blood sugar goals for diabetic women during pregnancy are: fasting blood sugar less than 95 mg/dL, blood sugar less than 140 mg/dL, one hour after a meal Eat less than 120 mg per deciliter, 2 hours after eating.
Pregnancy sugar considerations:
Pregnancy is an emotionally and physiologically challenging period. Maintaining optimal blood sugar levels during pregnancy prevents severe problems for mother and baby.
Early and ongoing care during pregnancy is essential to assess the risk of diabetes and maintain normal blood sugar levels. See your doctor if you know you are pregnant but not yet involved in prenatal care.