During pregnancy, there are changes in the body that cause pain in the knee and other joints due to these physical changes. This pain is due to the extra weight of your body which puts extra pressure on the joints.
Knee pain in early pregnancy:
You will be overweight during the nine months of pregnancy, which puts pressure on the uterus, joints, and ligaments, leading to the onset of knee pain during pregnancy and in the first trimester. Hormonal changes will also play a significant role in causing knee pain in early pregnancy.
Types of knee pain during pregnancy:
You may have excruciating, persistent pain in your knees, which may be due to damage to your ligaments and soft tissues, and if the knee is damaged by something sharp, the pain can worsen. You may feel pain in your knees if you stand or walk for a long time.
Causes of knee pain during pregnancy:
There are several possible causes for knee pain during pregnancy, some of which are listed below:
During the third trimester, hormones are released to prepare the ligaments and tendons for childbirth. They loosen not only the pelvic ligaments but also the ligaments and tendons of other parts. They reduce around the knees. The knee ligament may not be the exact cause and can lead to knee cramps during pregnancy.
Pregnancy can increase the pressure on the arteries of the legs and knees, which can cause pain.
The most common cause of knee pain during pregnancy is gradual weight gain. This weight gain puts pressure on the knees, especially if it is your first child because your body cannot handle the extra weight properly.
If you exercise too much during pregnancy, you may experience knee pain. Exercises such as weightlifting are helpful during pregnancy but can weaken the knees, so be sure to do knee strengthening exercises after squats.
In some cases, the knee pain may be due to an injury or trauma, not a change in the body. If you have severe knee pain, consult your doctor immediately as it may be a severe injury.
Walking or standing too much:
Sometimes knee pain can be caused by walking or standing too much during the day when the knees have to bear weight for a long time and get injured.
Lack of calcium in the bones can also cause knee pain during pregnancy.
Change the point of gravity:
If you move or exercise too much during pregnancy, your body changes its center of gravity, puts unbalanced pressure on your knees, and causes pain.
Knee pain problems during pregnancy:
Knee pain during pregnancy, if left untreated, can cause problems in the future:
If you suffer from knee pain during pregnancy, you are at risk for osteoarthritis, which later occurs due to wear and tear of cartilage around the knee, which can cause joint stiffness, locking of the knee joints, and severe pain.
Being overweight puts pressure on the knees and damages the protective cartilage and ligaments around the joints, and if left unchecked, can lead to problems with walking, bending, and running in the long run.
How is knee pain treated during pregnancy?
Knee pain is usually related to one of two causes: either due to injury or due to the effects of pregnancy. The first requires medical intervention, but the second can be treated with the following natural methods:
- Knee-strengthening exercises can help treat knee pain
- Use calcium-rich foods to maintain and balance the amount of calcium in your body
- Be careful not to get fat
- Most of the time, keep your legs up and get enough rest
- Eat foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids and take supplements, but remember to consult your doctor first.
Home remedies for knee pain in pregnant women:
Interestingly, these pains subside after the birth of your baby, but until then, there are several home remedies to reduce your discomfort:
- Try low-pressure exercises to strengthen your knee muscles.
- You should consult your doctor before doing any exercise.
- Wear comfortable shoes with a suitable sole.
- Stand on the soles of your feet; this will cause immediate relaxation because the weight is removed from your feet.
- Look for a knee brace.
These devices support your ligaments and tendons, especially if your knees are swollen during pregnancy.
- Do not overeat at all, and do not gain weight unnecessarily.
Being overweight is normal during pregnancy.
- Stick to a good diet and do not overdo it.
Stick to a healthy diet to control your weight, which is the best way to prevent knee pain during pregnancy.
- Massage therapy can help with joint pain and stiffness.
- Use a splint, especially on the hands and feet, to relieve pain.
How can knee pain be prevented during pregnancy?
Here are some things you can do to help:
You can try hot or cold compresses to relieve joint pain.
Talk to your doctor before taking medicine. Doctors usually prescribe acetaminophen to relieve pain during pregnancy.
Some supplements can be taken to prevent joint pain after consulting your doctor.
Include omega-3 rich foods in your diet to prevent joint pain.
Get enough rest to rest your knees and joints.
When should I see a doctor?
Being overweight during pregnancy often leads to knee pain, which can also be caused by something else, and you need to know when to see a doctor:
If the knee pain is not due to an injury, the best option to find the real cause is to consult a doctor.