Stress and anxiety during pregnancy and childbirth are not uncommon in pregnant women. A little fear, frustration, and depression is reasonable and not a cause for concern, but it becomes worrying if it is too much.
What causes stress during pregnancy?
The causes of stress vary from person to person. For some mothers, pregnancy itself is stressful because it is difficult for them to control and manage physical changes.
Other reasons that can have emotional side effects include:
Physical stress is caused by pregnancy symptoms such as nausea, constipation, lethargy, or body aches.
Severe fluctuations that lead to mood swings can affect the mind’s structure and make it more difficult to control stress.
Managing work, pregnancy, and housework is strenuous for some, affecting their personal and professional lives and increasing stress.
If you experience more than one of these conditions, your stress level can be much higher.
What kind of stress can cause pregnancy problems?
You can control stress for as long as you want without exacerbating it. Everyday stresses, such as being busy at work and driving in traffic, do not necessarily cause problems during pregnancy. However, other types of stress are damaged during pregnancy.
Negative life experiences such as failed marriages and divorces, deadly illnesses, the death of a loved one, or the loss of a job can cause severe stress that is difficult to control.
Incidents such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, or natural disasters such as terrorist attacks or accidents can have a profound emotional impact during pregnancy and lead to emotional stress.
Acute stress due to financial problems, relationships, physical or mental behavior can affect long-term depression.
Some women experience stress as a result of racist remarks or attacks. This is one of the reasons American women lose weight and give birth prematurely.
Pregnancy stress, which results from fear of miscarriage, labor pains, child health, or concerns about motherhood, is another cause of stress in women, leading to lack of sleep and even depression.
How does stress affect pregnancy?
If stress is not controlled correctly, it can have dangerous consequences. This disease can affect the health of the mother, the baby, and in some cases, both.
If long-term and severe stress are not treated in time, it can lead to the following problems:
- High blood pressure
- Gestational Diabetes
- Weak immune system
- major depression
Some people try to control their stress by smoking and using drugs, leading to illness in both mother and baby.
What effect does stress have on the unborn child?
Stress during pregnancy can affect the fetus in different ways. Emotional stress stimulates the secretion of the hormone cortisol, which increases with the severity of the stress. It can cause depression, obesity, muscle loss, heart disease, and osteoporosis in children.
There is a possibility of premature birth, which in some cases can lead to digestive problems, respiratory problems, poor immunity, and death.
Even babies born on time may be underweight and have weak immune systems. It can also cause hypoxia (insufficient oxygen supply at birth) and the consequences of long-term growth in children and increase the risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder late in life.
What are the symptoms of chronic stress during pregnancy?
Chronic stress can cause many physical, emotional, mental, and social symptoms, including:
- Chest pain, respiratory problems, vision problems, headaches, rapid heartbeat, dizziness, fatigue, muscle aches, abdominal issues, and sweating.
- Confusion, nightmares, memory loss, changes in sleep patterns, and difficulty concentrating
- Sadness, guilt, anxiety, anger, fear, denial, worry, loneliness, or fatigue From family and friends
Stress management methods during pregnancy:
Once you recognize stress, it is easy to control, which leads to a positive pregnancy experience and reduces the risk of illness for you and your baby. Here are some ways to reduce stress during pregnancy:
- Doing some light physical activity such as walking reduces stress and prevents chronic discomfort during pregnancy.
- Try relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation.
- Do breathing exercises.
- Participate in activities such as reading books, watching your favorite show, or doing things you enjoy.
- For childbirth, go to childbirth training classes to learn about pregnancy, birth, relaxation techniques, and exercise.
- If you think you are depressed, start treatment quickly to avoid taking antidepressants.
- Eat healthy and nutritious food.
Can stress affect preterm labor?
Stress in the first trimester affects the mother’s reproductive system and, to some extent, increases the risk of preterm delivery, and these complications are transmitted to the baby during delivery. As a result, it affects the baby’s metabolism and immune system. The intestinal microbial flora is altered and increases the risk of neurological disorders such as schizophrenia and autism.
Can stress cause miscarriage?
According to research, stress can cause miscarriage. However, severe stress can lead to premature birth, low birth weight, or behavioral problems throughout life.
Can stress affect pregnancy in the third trimester?
Severe stress in the third trimester increases cortisol levels, which can have a lasting effect on a baby’s cognitive abilities and IQ.
Does stress cause congenital disabilities?
Severe stress during pregnancy is more likely to cause congenital disabilities such as cleft lip, cleft lip, cleft spine, anencephaly, and congenital heart defects.
Can crying affect pregnancy?
Crying during pregnancy is due to stress and depression. This is associated with preterm delivery, low birth weight infants, and intrauterine growth restriction.