Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy has many causes, some serious and some of which are not serious. Pregnancy bleeding may occur early or after pregnancy, which is more common in early pregnancy.
In many cases, this is not a significant problem. Bleeding after pregnancy can be more serious, in which case it is best to contact a gynecologist whenever you want.
How does bleeding happen in early pregnancy?
In the first trimester, about 15 to 25 percent of pregnant women develop the problem. Low bleeding or spotting can occur one to two weeks after fertilization when ovulation occurs in the uterus. Bleeding from the cervix may be accessible during pregnancy because many blood vessels in the body at this stage and local bleeding after sex or after a Pap smear are not uncommon.
What problems during pregnancy can cause bleeding?
Infection, preterm delivery, and ectopic pregnancy.
When are pregnancy and fetus lost?
Fetal loss in the first 13 weeks of pregnancy is called preterm labor or miscarriage. It occurs in about 10% of known pregnancies. However, nearly half of women who have had an abortion have never experienced bleeding.
What is an ectopic pregnancy?
This pregnancy type occurs when a fertilized egg does not enter the uterus and is placed inside the fallopian tubes. If the fallopian tube ruptures and internal bleeding occurs, blood loss can cause weakness, fatigue, pain, shock, or even death. Sometimes vaginal bleeding is the only sign of an ectopic pregnancy. Other symptoms may include pain in the abdomen, pelvis, or shoulders. These symptoms can occur even before you become pregnant. If you have any of these symptoms, talk to your doctor.
Common problems that can cause sudden bleeding during pregnancy include:
- Inflammation or growth in the cervix.
- Severe bleeding is a more severe symptom that may be due to placental problems.
- Any amount of bleeding may indicate preterm delivery.
- If you notice any bleeding during pregnancy, you should immediately see a doctor or go to the hospital.
What is the problem of the placenta that can cause bleeding during pregnancy?
Premature separation of the fetus:
In this case, the placenta separates from the uterine wall. The most common signs and symptoms are vaginal bleeding and abdominal or back pain. If this problem occurs, it can cause serious complications. The baby may not have enough oxygen, and the pregnant woman may lose a lot of blood.
When the fetus is in the lower uterus:
It may completely cover the uterus, also called the placenta. May cause vaginal bleeding. This type of bleeding often occurs without pain. Some types of placentas resolve their problems at 32 to 35 weeks, and postpartum delivery can occur naturally. If this problem persists, you may need a cesarean section.
Removal of all or part of the uterus should often be done after delivery, not life-threatening.
Can bleeding during pregnancy be a sign of preterm delivery?
Bleeding in late pregnancy may be a sign of labor pains. If this pain starts before 37 weeks of pregnancy, it is considered premature delivery.
Other symptoms of preterm birth include:
Changes in vaginal discharge
Increased abdominal pain
Mild abdominal cramps and spasms with or without diarrhea
Frequent contraction or tightening of the uterus, which is often painless and occurs approximately every 20 minutes.
Water bag rupture
Is bleeding normal in pregnancy?
What causes uterine spotting and bleeding in the second month?
Vaginal bleeding in the first 3 months affects 20 to 30% of pregnancies. Vaginal bleeding may be spotting or even heavy bleeding with clotting. In the second month, there may be many reasons for vaginal bleeding. Bleeding may occur over time as fertilized eggs enter the uterus, which is perfectly normal.
Bleeding after vaginal intercourse during pregnancy is also very common.
Abortion is often reported as the cause of bleeding in the first trimester of pregnancy. The most crucial reason for abortion is the fetal chromosomes, and other reasons are hormonal problems.