Have you ever noticed that someone has become more beautiful during pregnancy, or has this happened to you? Does your spouse talk about your glowing skin during this time? It will be interesting to hear these sentences during this time, and you should be thankful for your proper blood flow.
High blood flow makes your face glow, but if not enough blood is produced in the body, you will probably have pale skin and a feeling of weakness due to anemia during pregnancy, but do not worry. By following the tips, you can eliminate this anemia.
What is anemia?
Anemia is a low number of red blood cells or low hemoglobin levels (an iron-containing protein) in the body. This condition is more common during pregnancy when the mother’s body needs more blood and iron to feed.
These proteins are present in the human bone marrow and are deficient when bone marrow production is reduced. Under normal circumstances, the human body needs iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid to produce large numbers of blood cells, and a deficiency of these components causes anemia.
Anemia is common during pregnancy, but if it is too severe, it can cause many problems, including premature birth, low birth weight, postpartum depression, or the birth of a baby with anemia.
Different types of anemia in pregnancy t women:
Did you know that there are a total of 400 types of anemia in the world? Only a small number of them occur during pregnancy, three of which are pregnancy anemia:
- Iron deficiency
- Folate deficiency
- Vitamin B deficiency 12
Iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy:
Iron deficiency is one of the most common types of anemia during pregnancy. The body does not have enough iron to produce hemoglobin, a protein in blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to other parts of the body. As a result, if you have anemia, not enough oxygen reaches different parts of the body.
Causes of iron deficiency in the body:
Your body always needs twice as much iron during pregnancy, so your body produces enough blood and delivers oxygen to the fetus. The recommended amount of iron produced in the pregnant mother should be 27 mg per day, and less than that causes maternal iron deficiency.
Increased risks of iron deficiency:
- The short interval between pregnancies
- Persistent vomiting and morning sickness
- A diet containing iron deficiency and foods rich in vitamin C
- Multiple pregnancies
- Severe menstruation before pregnancy
- History of anemia before pregnancy
- Pregnancy before the age of 20
- Eat foods that reduce iron absorption (dairy, soy, tea, coffee)
- Gastrointestinal disorders impair the body’s ability to absorb nutrients.
- Small stomach surgeries
- Specific drugs that affect iron absorption.
- Anemia is a previous pregnancy.
What are the symptoms of anemia in Pregnancy?
Common and mild anemia has no symptoms, but fatigue is one of the first symptoms to increase during pregnancy.
Moderate to severe anemia is associated with the following symptoms:
- Shortness of breath
- Decreased concentration
- Chest pain
- Leg contraction
- Icy hands and feet
- White lips
- Sticky tongue
- The tendency to harmful substances
How to diagnose anemia in pregnancy:
- Pregnancy tests for maternal anemia can also be done, in which case the therapist performs the following steps:
- Blood cell count
- Percentage of blood cells
- Hemoglobin levels
- In the first and third trimesters, the percentage of hemoglobin should not be less than 33%.
- In the second quarter, this percentage should not be less than 32%.
- What are the problems and complications of anemia or iron deficiency during pregnancy?
- If anemia is severe and untreated, it can cause severe problems during pregnancy. Low levels of iron can make you tired quickly, so you need to increase your care.
- If iron deficiency is moderate and left untreated, problems such as low birth weight or increased severity of anemia may occur.
- As we said before, there is a risk of babies dying if they are born too soon.
- Low fetal weight and reduced fetal growth in the uterus, and preterm delivery are other severe anemia complications during pregnancy.
- Placental insufficiency and reduced fetal growth leading to fetal death are also associated with anemia during pregnancy.
- Experts also consider bladder rupture to be an effect of anemia.
- However, the worst side effects and risks of anemia during pregnancy are severe heart failure or maternal death.
- How to prevent and treat anemia during pregnancy:
- Your therapist may suggest iron supplements as well as dietary changes in these cases.
- People should eat more iron-rich foods such as shrimp, beef, and beans than ever before.
- Foods that also increase iron absorption include strawberries, orange juice, grapefruit, peppers, and broccoli.
If you do not have the above nutrients, you can also take a small iron supplement that improves your physical condition. Still, if the hemoglobin falls below 6 mg, you should take powerful supplements or blood transfusions to find the root cause. You can see a hematologist.
Avoid foods that interfere with your ability to absorb iron:
- Polyphenols in spinach, nuts, raspberries, and broccoli impair iron absorption.
- Phytates in beans and grains can impair the ability to absorb iron.
- The tannins in tea also reduce the ability to absorb iron by up to 50%.
- Calcium deficiency reduces iron absorption by 50 to 60%.
What is folate deficiency anemia?
Another common anemia during pregnancy is folate deficiency, which, if your blood is low in folate, causes a drop in blood folic acid. During this time, you need more folate or vitamin B9 for cell growth. Note that acid deficiency Follicles can lead to mental retardation in children.
Cause of folate deficiency in pregnancy:
The amount of folate received in the body per day should be 600 mg, and less than this amount causes a lack of folate in the body.
Your body system will absorb less during pregnancy, and also the fetus will absorb all the folic acid the body needs to grow. Morning sickness can also lower folic acid levels.
Risks of increased folate deficiency in the body:
- Eat overcooked foods
- Low vitamin diet
- Taking certain medications such as cancer medications or seizures
- alcohol consumption
- Severe kidney problems that require dialysis
Symptoms of folate deficiency in the body:
- Weakness and fatigue
- The lightness of the head
- Feeling clumsy and bored
- Decreased appetite
- Muscle weakness
Diagnosis of folate deficiency in the body:
At this time, your doctor will give you a blood test and ask you about your medical history and symptoms. Problems after folate deficiency in infants:
- Low weight baby
- Birth of a dead fetus
- Nervous system and brain problems
- How to treat folate deficiency in the body:
- Prescribe folic acid supplements
- Change the diet of green vegetables and citrus fruits.
- Eat fruits like cantaloupe.
- Take 0 and 4 mg of folic acid tablets daily as directed by your doctor.
Vitamin B12 deficiency in pregnancy:
Vitamin B12 is another essential vitamin in the human body that plays an essential role in producing blood cells. Folate and vitamin B12 deficiency often occur together.
Reasons for Vitamin B12 Deficiency:
Pregnant women should take 2.6 mg of vitamin B12 during the day, and if they do not get enough vitamin B12, they will no longer be able to produce other essential nutrients.
The main reasons for vitamin B12 deficiency:
- It does not absorb nutrients.
- Lack of meat, eggs, dairy, and poultry
Risks of increased vitamin B12 deficiency:
- Crohn’s disease or celiac disease in which part of the gut loses the ability to absorb vitamins.
- Abdominal surgeries
- Signs and symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency:
- The lightness of the head
- Shortness of breath and high heart rate
- Tongue burning
- Bleeding gums
- Diarrhea and constipation
- Stomach problems
- Vitamin B12 Deficiency Problems:
- Neurological problems in the baby and delayed growth of various organs of the body
- Vitamin deficiency
How to prevent or treat vitamin B12 deficiency:
- Eat foods that increase the production and absorption of vitamin B12, such as fish, eggs, beef, and mutton.
- Taking vitamin B supplements 12
- If you are a vegetarian, you will probably need more of this vitamin.
Other causes of anemia:
- Blood loss too
- Excessive bleeding due to implantation, abortion, ectopic pregnancy, uterine rupture
- Kidney disorders and failures that require dialysis and cause fluid loss and excess fluid
Natural foods to treat anemia:
- Consume red meat
- Red meat is one of the best sources of iron. Beef also contains 0.6 mg of iron.
- Foods containing vitamin C.
- These foods play an essential role in absorbing iron.
Consumption of sugar syrup
Juices such as dates or grapes, and other juices are very rich in iron and have a pleasant taste that you can use in tea or coffee.
Eat fresh lemons
Fresh lemons and oranges also significantly affect the absorption of vitamin C and thus the treatment of anemia.
Other ways to treat anemia in pregnancy:
- If you are not a vegetarian, you should use animal products that contain valuable proteins.
- Blood transfusion in case of severe lack of blood may cause many problems for the child.