Iron deficiency is one of the most common types of anemia in which the blood does not have enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body’s tissues, and as the name implies, iron deficiency anemia is the body.
Iron is one of the essential minerals in the human body. If it is less than usual, it can cause headaches, dizziness, weakness, and lethargy. Most children and adult girls, pregnant women, and the elderly are exposed to iron deficiency, leading to weakness and lethargy. Also, paying attention to proper nutrition is one of the ways that can prevent this problem.
Without enough iron, your body cannot produce enough red blood cells to carry oxygen (hemoglobin), and as a result, iron deficiency anemia can cause fatigue and shortness of breath.
Iron deficiency anemia is usually controlled with iron supplements, and sometimes additional tests and treatments for iron deficiency anemia are necessary, especially when your doctor suspects internal bleeding.
Symptoms of iron deficiency:
At first, iron deficiency in anemia may be very mild and overlooked, but as iron deficiency decreases, the signs and symptoms worsen.
Signs and symptoms of iron deficiency include:
- Severe fatigue
- Pale skin
- Chest pain
- Or shortness of breath
- Headache, dizziness
- Cold hands and feet
- Inflammation and pain in your tongue
- Fragile nails
Irrational cravings for non-food items such as ice, dirt, starch, poor appetite, especially in infants and children with iron deficiency anemia
When should you see a doctor for iron deficiency?
See your doctor if you or your child has these signs and symptoms. Iron deficiency anemia is not something you can diagnose and treat yourself, so see your doctor instead of taking supplements. Excess iron in the body is dangerous because iron accumulation can damage your liver and have other side effects.
Reasons for iron deficiency:
Iron deficiency in anemia occurs when your body does not have enough iron to produce hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the part of red blood cells that causes the blood to turn red and enables red blood cells to carry oxygen to the body. If you do not get enough iron or lose a lot of iron, your body will not produce enough hemoglobin, and eventually, anemia will develop in iron deficiency.
The blood in red blood cells contains iron, so if you lose blood, you also lose iron. Women with heavy menstruation are at risk for iron deficiency anemia because they bleed a lot during menstruation. Reducing the amount of chronic bleeding in the body such as stomach ulcers, hernias, colon polyps, or corneal cancer can cause iron deficiency in anemia. Gastrointestinal bleeding may be due to the continued use of certain painkillers, especially aspirin.
Iron deficiency in your diet
Your body regularly receives iron from the foods you eat. If you consume small amounts of iron, your body will gradually become iron deficient. Examples of iron-rich foods such as meat, eggs, green leafy vegetables, and iron-rich foods need iron in the diet to properly develop the baby and toddler.
Inability to absorb iron
Iron is absorbed from food in your small intestine. An intestinal disorder such as celiac disease that affects your gut’s ability to absorb nutrients from digested food can cause iron deficiency. If part of your small intestine is surgically removed or destroyed, it may affect your ability to absorb iron and other nutrients.
Without iron supplements, iron deficiency anemia occurs in many pregnant women because stored iron must increase its blood volume to be a source of hemoglobin for fetal growth.
Risk factors for anemia:
This group of people may be at risk for iron-deficiency anemia:
Because women lose their blood during menstruation, they are generally more prone to iron deficiency anemia.
Babies and children
Babies, especially those underweight or born prematurely, may be iron deficient if they do not get enough iron from breast milk or formula.
Children need extra iron as they get older.
If your child does not have a varied and healthy diet, he or she may be at risk for anemia.
People who do not eat meat may develop iron deficiency anemia if they do not eat iron-rich foods.
People who donate blood regularly increase their risk of iron deficiency anemia because contributing blood stores iron. Low hemoglobin due to blood donation may be a temporary problem that can be relieved by eating iron-rich foods. If you cannot donate blood due to low hemoglobin and worry, consult your doctor.
Side effects of anemia and iron deficiency:
Iron deficiency in anemia usually does not cause side effects; however, iron deficiency in anemia can be severe and can cause health problems, including:
Iron deficiency in anemia can cause a rapid and irregular heartbeat. Your heart needs to pump more blood to compensate for the lack of blood oxygen during anemia, and this can lead to heart failure.
In pregnant women, iron deficiency anemia can lead to premature birth and low birth weight. However, this can be prevented in pregnant women who take iron supplements as part of prenatal care.
Iron deficiency problems in infants and children can lead to anemia as well as growth. Also, iron deficiency in anemia is associated with increased susceptibility to infection.
Prevention of iron deficiency:
By choosing foods rich in iron, you can reduce the risk of iron deficiency in anemia.
Choose iron-rich foods that include the following:
- Red meat, pork, and chicken
- Dark green leafy vegetables like spinach
- Dried fruits such as raisins and apricots
- Cereals fortified with iron bread and pasta
Your body absorbs more iron from other sources of meat. If you decide not to eat meat, you should increase your intake of different foods and plants rich in iron to absorb as much iron as those who eat meat.
Choose foods that contain vitamin C to increase iron absorption:
You can increase your body’s absorption of iron by eating iron-rich foods, drinking citrus juices, and eating foods rich in vitamin C. Vitamin C in citrus juices, like orange juice, can help the body absorb iron.
Vitamin C also in:
- Green leafy vegetables
- Tomatoes are found
Prevention of anemia in infants:
Use breast milk or formula to prevent iron deficiency in infants in the first year. Cow’s milk is not a good source of iron for babies and is not recommended for children under one year. After six months, give your baby iron-fortified beans or raw meat at least twice a day to get more iron. After one year, make sure your baby does not drink more than 20 ounces (591 ml) of milk a day. Excess milk replaces other foods, including foods rich in iron.
Home remedies for iron deficiency and anemia
Twelve home remedies for anemia can help you boost your body’s energy and get it back to normal.
As we use home remedies for anemia, we start with something sweet. Dates are a rich source of vitamin C and iron. It produces not only excess iron but also vitamin C, which increases iron absorption. Your body helps.
Put two dates in a glass of milk overnight.
The following day, eat milk and dates before breakfast.
Repeat this treatment every day to see your condition improve.
Black sesame seeds
Black sesame seeds are another primary treatment for anemia due to their iron content. Believe it or not, 1 cup of sesame seeds contains about 30% iron.
Add two tablespoons of black sesame seeds to a glass of water and leave for at least 3 hours.
Add one tablespoon of honey to the mixture and stir well.
Take this mixture twice a day.
Drink every morning instead of breakfast.
Or you can eat half a pomegranate for breakfast.
Because spinach contains iron, it gives you strength; Spinach is one of the best home remedies for anemia because it has two other nutrients that are important in treating anemia and are not associated with iron deficiency. It is vitamin B12 and folic acid that help increase energy levels.
Add spinach leaf juice to your water.
You can also make spinach soup.
Add garlic, onion, and chopped olive oil to the mixer with a bit of water.
Pour the liquid into a bowl and cook for 5 to 7 minutes.
Drink fruit juice or soup twice a day.
Black beet juice
Add one tablespoon of black beet juice to a cup of warm water or milk.
Take it twice a day, especially if you have anemia during pregnancy.
Or combine two tablespoons of black beet juice with a glass of water and apple cider vinegar.
Put a small piece of beetroot in a blender and mix with your favorite water and consume daily.
Use beets in your meal and add them to salads because beet skin is rich in nutrients.
Adding bananas to a mixture of water is the best way to use them. You can also mix a ripe banana with one tablespoon of Indian grapes, consume this mixture several times a day, or add a banana meal to it or eat a snack every day.
This fruit is in the recipe of all juices, so be sure to add it to your juicer.
Mix apple juice and beet juice with one tablespoon of honey
Add apples as a snack to salads or oatmeal.
Eat 2 to 3 apples a day.
Add two teaspoons of blueberries to a cup of rice and cook.
You can also soak two tablespoons of blueberry seeds in 1 cup of milk and drink it the following day.
Soak a lot of dried berries in water overnight.
The following day, eat berries before breakfast.
Repeat this medication for several weeks.
People with anemia should drink a cup of yogurt twice a day in the morning and the afternoon with a teaspoon of turmeric.
In anemia, the person may become swollen, and the skin may become cold and rough.
This treatment method is effective in balancing the body.
How to absorb more iron?
Many compounds in the daily diet inhibit the absorption of iron in the body. These include oxalate, tannins, phytates, phosphates, and fiber overdose. One of the bad eating habits is to drink tea immediately after eating. Tea contains tannins and tinctures that block iron absorption, and oxalate is found in many fruits and vegetables.
One of these compounds is spinach, which contains large amounts of oxalate. Also, spinach is a source of plant iron. Many people think that spinach prevents iron absorption because it has yogurt, a source of calcium. Still, the fact is that the oxalate in spinach interferes with the absorption of iron calcium. Beans are the most crucial source of phytate and the most important source of phosphate.