Medical

Causes of “dry eye” and the best ways to treat it

The eye is one of the parts with high sensitivity, and a dry eye can affect this sensitivity.

The leading causes of dry eye and its treatment

Dry eye syndrome is a common condition and occurs when tears are unable to lubricate the eyes. Tears may be insufficient for a variety of reasons. For example, dry eyes may occur if you do not produce enough tears or produce low-quality tears. Dry tears protect the surface of the eye from infection. Without enough tears, the risk of eye infection may increase. Damage to the eye’s surface, if left untreated, can cause severe dry eye, leading to eye inflammation, corneal abrasion, corneal ulcers, and vision problems; Quality of life is reduced, and dry eyes can make daily activities, such as reading, difficult.

What is dry eye syndrome, and how does it occur?

All about the dry eye: Dry eye is a syndrome that makes you feel uncomfortable; If you have dry eyes, your eyes may be itchy or itchy. You may experience dry eyes in certain situations, such as being on a plane, in an air-conditioned room, while cycling, or after looking at a computer screen for several hours. There are treatments for dry eyes that can save you from this torment. These treatments can include lifestyle changes and eye drops. You will probably need to use these measures for a long time to control the dry eye symptoms.

Symptoms of dry eye:

Signs and symptoms that commonly affect both eyes include:

  • Feeling itchy
  • Eye irritation
  • Or scratching in the eyes

When should we see a doctor for dry eyes?

See your doctor if you have long-term signs and dry eye symptoms, including redness, burning, tiredness, or sore eyes. Your doctor can prescribe steps to determine what is causing your eye problem or refer you to a specialist.

Causes of dry eyes

Dry eyes are caused by not having enough tears. Your tears are a complex combination of water, fatty oils, and mucus; This combination also helps keep the surface of the eyes soft and clean and protects your eyes from infection. For some people, the cause of dry eyes is low tear production. The tear vapor is increased for other people, and there is an imbalance in their tear compensation.

Decreased tear production:

Dry eyes occur when you are unable to produce enough tears. The medical term for this condition is Sica keratoconjunctivitis.

Common causes of decreased tear production include:

  • Aging
  • Specific medical conditions, including diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, Sjögren’s syndrome
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Vitamin A deficiency
  • Specific drugs include antihistamines, decongestants,
  • Hormone replacement therapy,
  • Antidepressants and blood pressure medications
  • Acne
  • Contraception
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Laser eye surgery

Intense symptoms of dry eye associated with this process are usually temporary damage to the lacrimal glands due to inflammation or radiation therapy.

Increased tear vapor:

Common causes of increased tear vapor include:

Wind, smoke, or dry air, low blinking often occurs while you are concentrating, for example, while reading, driving, or working with a computer.

Eyelid problems such as eyelid rotation (Ectropion) and eyelid rotation (Entropion)

Imbalance in the composition of tears:

The tear membrane has three main layers: fat, water, and mucus. Shapes of any of these layers can cause dry eyes. For example, the sebaceous membrane, which is made up of small glands at the edge of your eyelids (meibomian glands), may become blocked. Blocked meibomian glands are more common in people who have inflammation around their eyelids, blepharitis, or other skin disorders.

risk factors:

Factors that you are more likely to experience dry eye include:

Being over 50 years old:

Often, the older you get, the lower your tear production. Dry eye is more common in people over 50 years of age.

Being a woman:

Lack of tears is more common in women, especially if they have experienced hormonal changes due to pregnancy, have taken birth control pills, or are menopausal.

  • Eating a diet low in vitamin A: This vitamin is found in the liver, carrots, and broccoli.
  • A diet low in omega-3 fatty acids: found in fish, nuts, and vegetable oils.

Complications of dry eye:

People with dry eyes may experience these side effects:

Eye infections:

Your tears protect the surface of your eyes from infection. Without enough tears, you may be at an increased risk of eye infection.

Damage to the surface of your eyes:

If left untreated, severe dry eye can lead to eye inflammation, corneal abrasion, corneal ulcers, and vision problems.

Decreased quality of life:

Dry eyes can interfere with daily activities, such as reading.

Ways to prevent and prevent dry eye

If you experience dry eye, pay attention to the conditions likely to cause these symptoms in you. Then find ways to prevent these conditions to prevent the symptoms of dry eye. For example: Avoid the presence of wind or the direct or indirect blowing of scorching and drying air in your eyes. Do not direct the hairdryer, car heater, duct split, or any air stream into your eyes. (Making Herbal And Natural Mascara At Home)

Diagnosis of dry eye

Tests and methods that can be used to determine the cause of your dry eyes include:

A comprehensive eye examination, which includes a complete history of your general health and eye health, can help diagnose dry eye causes.

Measuring tear volume, your doctor may measure tear production using a Schirmer test. In this test, paper blast strips are placed under the lower eyelids. After five minutes, your doctor will measure some of the tapes that have been soaked by your tears.

Other tests are performed using unique colors in the eyes to determine the condition of the eye surface.

Your doctor will look for patterns on the cornea and measure how long it will take for your tears to evaporate.

10 ways to eliminate dry eye naturally

  1. Frequent rinsing to prevent dry eyes:

People with dry eyes tend to rub their eyes always, which should be avoided to prevent inflammation. To eliminate this discomfort and maintain good eye health, you must wash your eyelids several times a day. Put a few drops of baby shampoo on your clean fingertips with your eyes closed, gently massage with your fingers near the base of the lashes. Wash your eyelids thoroughly with soap and warm water; Do this once or twice a day.

  1. Hot compress for dry eyes:

Wash a clean, lint-free cloth in warm water and remove excess water. Keep this warm, damp cloth on your closed eyelids for up to 10 minutes (no longer). Be sure to re-wet the fabric with warm water and use it. Finally, rinse your eyes thoroughly with plain clean water. Use this treatment at least twice a day to reduce the symptoms of dry eye.

Tip: When using a compress for your eyes, maintain a maximum temperature of 108 degrees Fahrenheit and do not go above that.

  1. To use castor oil to treat dry eyes:

Use pure, organic, hexane-free castor oil using eye drops, one drop per eyelid twice a day to keep the eyes hydrated and reduce redness.

  1. To treat dry eye, eat omega-3 foods:

This group includes foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids in the diet; good sources of these nutrients are fatty fish and fish oil, flaxseed oil, sesame seeds, and almonds walnuts. You can also take omega-3 supplements after consulting your doctor.

  1. Coconut oil to get rid of dry eyes:

Soak a cotton ball in coconut oil and place it directly on the closed eyelids for 15 minutes. Use this method at regular intervals throughout the day, also. Use coconut oil as an oil to remove toxins from your body in the morning on an empty stomach that can relieve dry eyes.

  1. Blink training and simple exercise to treat dry eye:

Regular blinking can improve the flow of tears, moisturize the eyes, and also spread the tears around the eyes. This, in turn, reduces the signs of dry eyes.

It also regulates blood circulation in the eyes and reduces the redness of the eyes. Each blink brings nutrients to the surface structures of the eye and helps keep them healthy. Do the blinking exercise 5 times at least every hour for a few weeks. You can then reduce the frequency of this operation to at least four times a day.

  •  Close your eyes entirely and count to 2.
  •  Then, squeeze the eyelids together and wait again for two numbers.
  •  Finally, open your eyes and count to 2.
  •  This blinking exercise thoroughly washes the eyes with a fresh layer of tears.

Also, increase your conscious effort to blink when using your computer or mobile device. Apply the 20/20/20 rule, i.e., every 20 minutes, look at something at least 20 feet away from you for at least 20 seconds.

  1. Aloe vera to relieve dry eyes:

Thoroughly wash an aloe vera leaf and extract the gel. Put the gel on a piece of cotton and rub it gently out of your eyelid. Let it rest on the eyelid for 10 minutes. Then rinse with clean water. Use this treatment 2 or 3 times a day.

Note: Do not apply aloe vera gel directly to your eyes.

  1. Treatment of dry eye with the rose:

Soak a cotton cloth piece or a cotton ball in rose extract and place it on your closed eyelids. Leave it for about 10 minutes and repeat this 2 or 3 times a day.

Another option is to wash your eyes with pure rose water or use pure rose water as an artificial tear and do this 2-3 times a day. (16 Things About Eyebrow That You Did Not Know About)

  1. Massage to treat dry eye:

Put a few drops of olive oil or coconut oil on your fingers. Gently apply the oil on the closed eyelids and massage for a few minutes. Then place your palms on your eyelids and cover them entirely for a few more minutes. You should wash and clean the oil from the eyelids because it is absorbed.

Use a fumigator to treat and reduce dry eye:

Using a moisturizer, especially in the winter months, can prevent dry eyes. Keep the humidifier or appliance on and use natural fumigation instead of a suitable commercial humidifier replacement. You can also place plants in the room to add moisture to the hut. Some of the best plants for this purpose are the aris palm, crucifix, and lily of the valley. These plants also help clean the air by absorbing internal pollutants in the environment.

Other tips and general recommendations for treating dry eye:

  1. Dehydration is one of the most common causes of dry eye, increasing your fluid intake to hydrate your body and reduce dry eye symptoms.
  2. Have frequent interruptions while using the computer.
  3. Frequent computer watching, reading books and magazines, and watching TV can also dry out your eyes, so it is essential not to forget to take breaks to get moisture.
  4. Avoid blowing air directly into your eyes or using a hairdryer, car heater, air conditioner. Avoid being in a dry environment, indoors and outdoors, because dry air as a stimulant works.
  5. Try to wear sunglasses or other goggles to prevent dry air and wind. Also, when using a bicycle or motorcycle, use appropriate goggles and goggles to protect your eyes.
  6. Close your eyes for a few minutes when exposed to dry air at high altitudes or in desert areas and on airplanes.
  7. Avoid smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke.
  8. Try to stay indoors when the wind blows.
  9. When it comes to sunglasses, classic sunglasses are always used, which turn off 100% of ultraviolet (UV) rays.
  10. Due to its acidic nature, excessive coffee consumption can aggravate dry eyes in many cases. Therefore, limit your coffee consumption.
  11. Acidic foods can aggravate the dry eye symptoms after eating such foods until your symptoms are completely gone.
  12. In mild dry eye, treatments such as blinking, meibomian practice, or other eyelid aids can treat it. Discontinue or reduce contact lenses if you experience symptoms of dry eye. You can even use acupuncture to treat the symptoms of dry eye.
  13. Do not forget to remove all traces of eye makeup from your eyes and eyelashes.
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