Pregnancy, birth and baby

Cause of muscle cramps in pregnancy and its treatment methods

What are muscle cramps in pregnancy, and why does it occur?

Muscle cramps are sudden that causes severe muscle pain. The uterus is a muscle. Whenever your uterus is stimulated (with a bladder full of water, strenuous exercise), the uterus’ natural response is contraction. This condition prevents the patient from moving.

Constipation is one of the conditions that most pregnant women experience. This disease occurs for many reasons, but for any reason, this disease also causes pain in pregnant women and should be treated as soon as possible. It is time for treatment. Although this disease is common, in severe cases, it can have serious consequences such as miscarriage, so do not ignore it.

Muscle cramps in pregnancy

What are muscle cramps during pregnancy?

Muscle cramps begin in the second month of pregnancy and continue until delivery.

Muscle cramps in the first trimester of pregnancy are due to changes in the uterus caused by fetal growth.

In the second trimester, the uterus reaches its most extensive state, which increases pain and cramping.

Abdominal cramps in the third trimester of pregnancy are symptoms of labor.

In the third trimester of pregnancy, leg cramps occur due to weight gain.

Pregnant women usually experience muscle cramps in the early stages of pregnancy. Cramps can be a sign of your pregnancy when your egg is implanted in the uterus wall. Most pregnant women are prone to heartburn in the first 16 weeks of pregnancy.

Pregnancy causes fatigue in women; frequent cramps destabilize the mental health of pregnant women. This is not good for them and their fetus.

Women who have abortions should pay special attention to muscle cramps. Pregnancy is always a memorable event, so you should help your health, reduce stress and get regular checkups to have a healthy pregnancy.

Pregnant women often get pimples during pregnancy, and many people think that this condition is related to muscle cramps. However, this idea is entirely wrong. This is because your baby goes to the wall of the uterus during pregnancy. This explains why women often get pimples during menstruation.


Complications of muscle cramps in pregnancy


The onset of muscle cramps in the second month of pregnancy

Types of muscle cramps in pregnancy

Muscle cramps and abdominal pain


Muscle cramps and back pain

Back pain means the growth of your fetus. Back pain occurs in the second half of pregnancy. There are two types of back pain in pregnancy, which include:


Low back pain

This pain is usually felt in the center of the upper part of the belt. This pain increases with inappropriate postures such as improper standing or sitting.


Pelvic pain

Pelvic pain is 4 times more than back pain and occurs in the lower part of the belt. The pain is felt on both sides of the body and extends to the buttocks and back of the thighs. This pain occurs due to hormonal changes, muscle detachment, weight gain, and sitting or standing posture changes.


Muscle cramps and leg pain

Pain in this part of the body is seen during pregnancy in the second trimester of pregnancy and worsens as the pregnancy progresses. Leg pain is due to leg muscle cramps due to weight gain. Foot pain also occurs due to pressure on the blood vessels in the foot, hormonal changes, or a lack of calcium and magnesium, and a warm bath before bed helps to reduce the pain caused by leg cramps.


What are the common causes of muscle cramps in pregnancy?

  • Weight gain very fast
  • Muscle blockage and stretching
  • Dehydration
  • Calcium deficiency
  • Potassium deficiency
  • Sodium deficiency


What are the common symptoms of muscle cramps in pregnancy?

  • You often have sudden seizures when you cough or laugh.
  • Congestion occurs more than once.
  • Colds, nausea, and vomiting.
  • Pain in the abdomen or above the shoulder.
  • High body temperature
  • You always feel bad
  • You often have trouble urinating
  • You do not have the usual symptoms of pregnancy.
  • Vaginal bleeding


Who is at risk for pregnancy cramps?

Most pregnant women are more prone to seizures. However, pregnant women with severe morning sickness and fibroids are more likely to get the disease. You can control this problem by reducing risk factors. Please see your doctor for more information.


When to see a doctor?

Because muscle cramps are a common condition during pregnancy, you do not need to worry too much about them. However, if your condition worsens, i.e., you have more than five muscle cramps, you should see a doctor. Also, you should see a doctor if you have any of the following symptoms.

Prolonged menstrual period, body temperature is constantly rising. Also, if you have any questions, consult your doctor.


Can you prevent leg and back muscle cramps during pregnancy?

You can try. To do this, it is better to slowly release yourself and gently pull your foot a few times before bedtime. Also, wearing low-quality, high-quality socks and avoiding standing or sitting for long periods may reduce muscle cramps’ risk.

Magnesium and calcium supplements can support you. Drink plenty of water (2-3 liters a day), but also drink small amounts of water at all times to avoid cramps because too much water is irritating. This is another common problem during pregnancy.

Muscle cramps in pregnancy

To relieve thigh pain and leg cramps during pregnancy:

Remember to warm up your muscles before exercising.

Stretch your leg muscles while sitting:

Prepare two chairs and a towel

Sit in a chair and place your right foot on another chair.

Use a towel to cover the soles of your feet.

Start pulling the towel towards you.

Pause for 30 seconds,

Then do the same with your left foot.

You will feel relaxed in the leg muscles.

Please do this exercise 2-3 times a day to get the best results.


Stretch the leg muscles while standing:

Wear suitable non-slip shoes.

Stand on a flat surface at a distance of about 60-90 cm from the wall.

Put your hands against the wall.

Slowly move down to relax the muscles.

To prevent or reduce muscle cramps during pregnancy, you should do this exercise 2-3 times a week.


Exercise to prevent muscle cramps during pregnancy

Here are some tips to help you lose weight and stay lean during pregnancy

In cases of hip pain and pelvic cramps during pregnancy, avoid standing or sitting for long periods.

You need to combine activity with rest. If your job requires sitting down, be sure to dedicate your time to work or relax.

Also, it would help if you kept your legs as high as possible. Lifting the legs can help the fluid inside the legs.

Shake your ankles and toes while sitting, eating, or watching TV. It also helps the muscles to activate and reduces cramps.

Stop all activities that cause muscle cramps during pregnancy

Stop all activities if you do exercise or activities that cause muscle spasms or muscle cramps. Muscle cramps can occur while exercising or doing household chores.

As soon as the muscle contraction signal appears, you should stop working and find a way to deal with it. Try massaging the contracted muscles. Massage helps to relax muscles and increase blood circulation. Avoid continuing activities that you think increase foot pressure and cause pain and cramps.


Walk during pregnancy

This seems strange when you have hip pain and pelvic cramps during pregnancy. Walk as soon as the cramp starts. Walking relaxes the kink; walk for at least 3 minutes to soothe the cramp.

Once the pain is gone, continue to stretch the muscles to relax the muscles. At the same time, lift the tendons and ligaments attached to the heel to loosen them. Pull the cramped muscles for about 1-2 minutes to make sure the cramps are completely gone.

Muscle cramps in pregnancy

Avoid muscle cramps by walking during pregnancy.

Treatment and relief of leg cramps during pregnancy

Pull the feet and toes.

Foot massage and muscle identification

Massage the affected area with your thumb.

You may need to use more force to relax your muscles.

Continue the massage until the muscles begin to relax.

Follow the massage in a circular or stretching manner.

Continue the massage for two to three minutes.

Treatment of cramps during pregnancy (cold compress)

Prepare a clean towel and ice

Use this towel to pack ice

Place this towel on the injured muscle.

Avoid putting ice directly on the skin to prevent skin damage.

You can use a bottle of cold water for the foot area.

Sit in a chair while doing this.


Treatment of muscle cramps in pregnancy with hot and cold compresses

Treatment of leg muscle cramps during pregnancy (hot compress)

Make socks, some rice, beans, or oats.

If you want a generous package with a soothing taste, you should get some mint, cinnamon, or herbs that you like.

You can use herbs in the kitchen, herbal tea bags, or essential oils.

Put rice, beans, or oats in a sock.

If you want to add vegetables.

Sew the head of the sock.

Place the hot pack in the microwave for 30 seconds. After 30 seconds, you can feel the heat of the package.

If you want a hot pack, keep it in the microwave for about 10 seconds until it reaches the desired temperature. The optimum temperature should be between 21 and 27 degrees Celsius.

Place the hot pack in the clogged area.

You should prepare the hot pack in advance and use it whenever you see signs of severe cramps.

Drink enough water to treat muscle cramps during pregnancy

Drink plenty of water if you want to have less pain during pregnancy and leg cramps. Dehydration is one of the most common causes of leg cramps. As mentioned above, morning sickness makes many pregnant women thirsty. Therefore, they are prone to cramps. Excessive water consumption is beneficial for pregnant women and their fetuses.


Pay attention to the color of the urine. If your urine is dark yellow, you may not drink enough water. Drink water throughout the day, before and after exercise, to make sure your body has enough water. Exercise drinks to increase electrolytes due to electrolyte imbalance are also a common cause of muscle cramps. It would help if you also drank a cup of water by your bed to drink at night when you have muscle cramps.


Set a balanced diet

Pregnant women are prone to malnutrition. Nutrition plays a vital role in ensuring the body’s normal functioning and muscles and reducing muscle cramps. The deficiency of potassium, calcium, and magnesium causes muscle cramps. So add foods like bananas, dairy, fresh vegetables, beans, and nuts to your diet.


How to get rid of muscle cramps during pregnancy at home with Epsom salt?

Considering a bath with Epsom salt, Pregnant women can use Epsom salt in their bathtub. Epsom salt can be easily dissolved in water; athletes use this method to relieve muscle pain.

Epsom salt is a crystalline form of sulfate and magnesium, two beneficial minerals that have been used for centuries for sedatives and skin problems such as sunburn or minor cuts. Many pregnant women have also found that Epsom salts can reduce stretch marks and soothe the soul.

To use Epsom salt to relieve thigh pain and leg cramps during pregnancy, you can mix 2 cups of Epsom salt in warm bath water and stay in the water for 15 minutes. Keep the water temperature gentle as high temperatures will harm the fetus, do not forget to take a warm bath.

Note: Do not use Epsom salt during pregnancy without consulting your doctor because, in rare cases, sodium-magnesium poisoning occurs.


Use vegetable oils to treat muscle cramps during pregnancy

There are several ways you can use essential oils to relieve cramps during pregnancy. It should be noted that before use, you should dilute these oils and test them on small areas of the skin.

You can choose a massage between your diluted oils and add a carrier oil such as sweet almonds, hot or cold compresses using essential oils—another good way to relieve pregnancy cramps.


Roman chamomile oil

Roman chamomile is generally safe for pregnant women. The antispasmodic ability of this essential oil is due to its high ester. It is one of the most potent antispasmodic oils used to treat muscle spasms, wounds, and muscle cramps.


Clove oil

To improve leg cramps during pregnancy, you can use stud oil, which contains solid alkaloids and other enzymes, for the healing process. Such chemicals help reduce the symptoms of leg cramps during pregnancy.


Things you should not do

You should not avoid moving your toes during pregnancy, as this will reduce blood circulation and aggravate muscle cramps, resulting in leg cramps.

Make sure the massager is professional. Excessive pressure on the ankles and ankles can trigger orthoses, so only a specialist massager can do the right thing to deal with cramps in pregnant women.

Do not exercise if you are weak, confused, or contracted.

Avoid stretches that require sleeping on your back.

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