Most of us have allergies, but what do we know about the disease and its symptoms?
An allergy occurs when the immune system reacts to something that is usually harmless. The initiators of these reactions are called allergens, including plant pollen, fungi, animal villi, and some foods or substances that irritate the skin. Allergies are prevalent. The World Allergy Organization (WAO) estimates that allergies in different world countries range from 10 to 40%. More than 150 million Europeans suffer from chronic allergic diseases, and it is estimated that by 2025, half of Europe’s population will have some form of allergy. In the United States, one in five people has at least one type of allergy.
What happens in the body during an allergic reaction?
Allergens are usually harmless substances that trigger an immune response and reaction in the body of sensitive people. An allergic reaction occurs when a person is naturally exposed to an allergen. Allergic reactions can be mild, severe, and even fatal. Usually, the immune system protects the body against harmful substances such as viruses or bacteria. If a person has allergies, their body reacts to allergens as if they are aggressive.
This releases histamine into the body. Histamine acts as a neurotransmitter and plays critical roles in many of the body’s physiological functions, such as sending messages to the stomach to produce acid or regulating the sleep-wake cycle. When the immune system reacts to an allergen, it produces an antibody called immunoglobulin E or IgE. The production of this immunoglobulin is part of the body’s effort to eliminate allergens and protect itself. Histamine dilates blood vessels and increases their permeability, so white blood cells and other protective substances can leave the blood vessels and attack them.
During this process, IgE antibodies signal to other cells to release certain chemicals, such as histamine. Too much histamine in the body can cause an unwanted reaction that results in irritation or burning of the skin, nose, throat, and lungs.
Types of allergies
Food allergies: more common in infants and children; But it can be seen at any age. You may even be allergic to food that you have eaten for years without any problems. A food allergy occurs when the immune system treats a food or one of the compounds in the food as aggressive and overreacts.
Symptoms of a food allergy can range from mild to severe. Food that once caused mild symptoms can sometimes cause severe symptoms at other times. The most severe form of allergic reaction is called anaphylaxis; A general and lethal reaction in the body can cause respiratory problems and severe hypotension and affect heart rate. Anaphylaxis can occur within minutes of exposure to an allergic food. This reaction can be fatal and should be treated immediately with an injection of epinephrine (adrenaline).
Although any food can cause adverse reactions in the body, eight types of food play a role in almost 90% of all reactions:
Eggs, milk, peanuts, nuts, fish, oysters, wheat, and soy
Individual seeds, such as sesame and mustard, are common triggers for allergic reactions in many countries. Sesame is one of the food allergens.
Symptoms of food allergies
- Vomiting or stomach cramps
- Shortness of breath
- Frequent cough
- Shock or collapse of blood circulation
- Suffocation and tightness of the throat and swallowing problems
- Swelling of the tongue
- Weakening pulse
- Discoloration or discoloration of the skin
- Dizziness or feeling weak
Most food-related symptoms begin within two hours of eating and even within minutes. In sporadic cases, the reaction may start 4 to 6 hours late. Of course, not all people who experience symptoms after eating certain foods have food allergies and should not avoid them altogether.
For example, some people may feel itchy in the throat and mouth after eating raw fruit or vegetable. This condition may be Oral Allergy Syndrome (OAS); A reaction to pollen and not the food itself. The immune system detects pollen and similar proteins in food and develops an allergic reaction to them. When a food allergy is diagnosed, the most effective treatment is to avoid that food. People who are allergic to a particular food may also react to related foods.
Diagnosis of food allergies
A food allergy usually causes a reaction in the body whenever the food is consumed. Symptoms may vary from person to person, and a person may not always experience the same symptoms. Allergic reactions to foods can affect the skin, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, and cardiovascular system.
It is not possible to predict the severity of the next reaction, and all patients with food allergies should be aware of the risk of anaphylaxis. Although food allergies can occur at any age, they are more common in childhood. If a person is suspected of having a food allergy, they should see a doctor. To make a diagnosis, your doctor will ask questions about your medical history and symptoms. After that, skin tests or blood tests may be done.
Management and treatment
The first way to manage food allergies is to avoid food, which can cause problems. Food labels should be carefully studied, and the person should know what to avoid. Although labeling can be an excellent guide to avoiding a food item, some foods are so common that they are difficult to avoid. A nutritionist can help the patient get all the nutrients his body needs without suffering from nutritional deficiencies by using other foods. Many people want to know if their food allergies are permanent or not. There is no definitive answer. Allergies to milk, eggs, wheat, and soy may go away over time, while allergies to peanuts, nuts, fish, and oysters often last a lifetime.
When a doctor diagnoses a person with a food allergy, they should prescribe an automatic epinephrine injection device to the patient and show them how to use it. Anyone with a food allergy should always have an injector nearby and always make sure they have two doses of the drug as there is a chance of a severe reaction coming back in 20% of people.
If a person has severe symptoms such as shortness of breath, frequent coughing, weak pulse, hives, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, or a combination of symptoms in different parts of the body such as hives, itching, swelling of the skin with vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal pain, Use epinephrine.
Itching, redness, and bumps on the skin are typical and may not be easily identified. A specialist can determine if an allergy causes these symptoms. A red, itchy, bumpy skin can be annoying, painful, and embarrassing. These skin lesions may result from various factors, such as exposure to certain herbs, allergic reactions to a drug or food. Eczema and urticaria are both associated with allergies and are two of the most common types of skin lesions. If a person’s skin condition is an allergy, a doctor can diagnose and treat it.
Eczema generally affects about 10 to 20 percent of children and one to three percent of adults. Common symptoms of eczema are dryness, redness, and itching of the skin. Occasionally there is a lump of yellowish fluid on the skin, especially if there is an infection. People with eczema often have a family history of allergies. According to the study results, the prevalence of eczema among children aged 6 or 7 years is 98.5%, and among adolescents, 13 to 14 years is equal to 52.6%.
Hives are red swellings that appear on the surface of the skin. Urticaria has both acute and chronic conditions, depending on how long it lasts. Acute urticaria often results from exposure to an allergen and an infection. The cause of chronic urticaria remains mostly unknown.
Contact dermatitis occurs when the skin comes in contact with a stimulant or allergen. Symptoms include itching, blistering, burning, and lesions on the surface of the skin. Soaps, detergents, fabric softeners, shampoos, and even excessive water exposure can cause contact dermatitis. Other factors that can cause this reaction include metals (such as nickel), adhesives, nail polish, topical medications, herbs, and latex gloves. Sometimes allergens do not cause a skin reaction unless the skin is exposed to sunlight. This condition is called photoallergic contact dermatitis. This can happen with products such as shaving lotions, sunscreens, and some perfumes.
People who are allergic to dust are familiar with sneezing, but sneezing is not the only annoying sign. People with this type of allergy may also have a stuffy or runny nose, itching and redness, and watery eyes. In fact, for many people with a dust allergy, home is the starting point for their symptoms. These symptoms begin as soon as the house is swept and dusted. Cleaning the house causes dust to be released into the air and the person to breathe it. People with allergies to mites also suffer from this problem. Mites are tiny organisms that use dust in the house and moisture in the air. They are one of the most common indoor allergens. In addition to allergic rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal mucosa), mite allergy can cause asthma and eczema symptoms.
Symptoms of dust allergy:
- Nasal congestion or runny nose
- Redness, itching, or watery eyes
- Sneezing, coughing, and shortness of breath
- Dust allergy triggers
- Mold (fungus)
- Hair, fur, or animal feathers
Dust allergy management:
- Keep pets away from where you live
- Keep living humidity to a minimum
- Use anti-corrosion beds and wash the beds with hot water.
- Use a mask when cleaning your home
Mites: These mites, sometimes called bed mites, are the most common cause of dust allergies in the home. These organisms multiply quickly in hot and humid places. These mites die when the humidity drops below 50% and are not usually found in arid climates. Mites are often found on pillows, mattresses, carpets, and furniture and are spread in the air while sweeping the house. Dust mites are also a common cause of asthma in children. These particles are tiny and often do not disappear during routine cleaning procedures.
Beetles: These creatures live in all neighborhoods and buildings. Some people develop allergy symptoms when they are close to beetles. Fine particles from beetles are a common component of house dust and can cause dust allergies.
Mold: Mold is a fungus that produces spores that float in the air. When people with allergies to mold inhale these spores, they develop allergy symptoms. There are several types of mold, some of which can be seen, but others are not easy to see. Mold lives everywhere; On fallen wood and leaves, and in damp places such as bathrooms and kitchens. Fine particles and spores are a standard part of house dust mites that can cause allergies. (How To Get Bed Bugs Out Of The House?)
Plant pollen: People may be allergic to different types of pollen. For example, some people are allergic to beech pollen, while others may be allergic to certain grass types. Pollen is also a standard component of house dust mites that can cause allergies. Plantain pollen is the most common type of plant pollen allergen.
Hair, fluffy, and stuffed animals: Pets can cause allergic patients problems in various ways. Fine skin particles, saliva, and urine of these animals can cause an allergic reaction, especially when combined with dust.
Treatment of dust allergy
If a person thinks they have a dust allergy, they need to see a doctor. A skin test is often needed to determine what triggers an allergic reaction. Some of the allergen extracts are placed on the patient’s skin in skin tests, and his reaction is monitored. A positive reaction (swelling and redness) may indicate that the person is allergic to the substance. Sometimes a blood test is done to confirm the allergy finally.
- taking medication
- Subcutaneous immunotherapy (allergy shots)
- Oral safety
- Change in living conditions
Your doctor may prescribe medication if your efforts to reduce dust exposure are not successful. Anticonvulsants and antihistamines are the most common allergy medications. These medications help reduce the symptoms of stuffy and runny nose, sneezing, and itching. Some medications block the release of chemicals that trigger allergic reactions in the body. Corticosteroid sprays are useful in treating nasal inflammation. The basis of immunotherapy is the gradual increase in a person’s resistance to allergens. The first dose is given in the doctor’s office and under his supervision, and then it is used daily by the patient. The course of treatment is usually one year.
Allergy to insect bites
The bites of some insects (including bees and fire ants) cause allergic reactions to the venom injected into the skin. Most people are not allergic to insect bites, but the bite’s pain may make them think they are allergic to it. It is essential to know the difference between a normal reaction and an allergic reaction. Every year, a large number of people go to hospitals due to insect bites. Fatal reactions in this area are estimated to occur in about 0.4-0.4 children and 3% of adults.
Symptoms of insect bite allergy
Pain, redness, swelling (in the area of the bite and a little around it), hives, itching, anaphylaxis
Management and treatment of insect bites
- Avoid insects
- Immediate injection of epinephrine if symptoms of anaphylaxis appear
The intensity of the reaction to the bite of an insect varies from person to person. A natural reaction leads to pain, swelling, and redness at the bite site. It is best to wash the area with soap and water and use ice to reduce swelling. A large local reaction leads to swelling that spreads beyond the bite site. Although this condition may seem alarming, it is often treated as the same natural reaction. An unusual pain situation or a pervasive local reaction may require medical attention. Because this condition can last for two to three days, antihistamines and corticosteroids are sometimes used to reduce symptoms. The most severe reaction to an insect bite is an allergic reaction. This condition requires immediate medical attention. Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:
Hives, itching and swelling in other areas besides the bitten area Abdominal cramps, vomiting, severe nausea or diarrhea Difficulty breathing wheezing, swelling of the tongue and throat, or difficulty swallowing
The anaphylactic reaction may also occur within minutes of the bite. In this case, the use of a dose of epinephrine and prompt medical attention is required. Symptoms may include:
- Dizziness or a severe drop in blood pressure
- Loss of consciousness or cardiac arrest
Detection of allergy to insect bites
If anyone is suspected of having an insect bite allergy, they should consult a specialist. The doctor will first ask questions about the patient’s history. They may then order one or more tests to diagnose an allergy to insect venoms, such as a skin test or a blood test. In a skin test, a small amount of liquid containing insect venom is placed on the forearm’s skin and rubbed on the skin with a skinny rod to allow some of it to enter the skin. If the spot becomes swollen and red within 15 to 20 minutes, it indicates an allergy. In a blood test, a blood sample is tested for IgE antibodies.
Management and treatment
Insect bite allergies are treated in a two-step approach:
- The first step is to treat the symptoms immediately after a severe reaction
- The second step is the prophylactic treatment of insect venom allergy using venom immunotherapy.
Long-term treatment for insect bites is called poison immunotherapy. Immunity Poison therapy involves gradually increasing the amount of venom applied to a patient’s skin to reduce their sensitivity to the venom. This can reduce the risk of allergic reactions in the future.
Allergies to pets
If a person has a runny nose or eyes when they come in contact with a pet or start sneezing and wheezing, they are probably allergic to pets.
- Management and treatment of pet allergies
- Avoid contact with dogs and cats
- Use of nasal sprays, antihistamines, and bronchodilators to improve symptoms
Cats produce a variety of allergens. These allergens are found on the skin, hair, and inside their saliva. All cats produce these allergens. Dust and pollen in cat litter can also cause an allergic reaction.
Cat Allergy Symptoms
Symptoms of allergies to cats can range from mild to severe, depending on the individual’s sensitivity and level of allergen exposure. These symptoms include the following:
- Sneezing, stuffy or runny nose
- Facial pain
- Cough, shortness of breath, and wheezing
- Redness, itching, and watery eyes
- Acne and urticaria
Diagnosis of cat allergies
A common way to diagnose a cat allergy is to have a skin test. For this test, a small amount of cat allergen extract is placed on the skin and applied to the skin so that some of it enters the skin. If the person has symptoms of allergies, it means that he is allergic to cats.
Allergy to dogs
Dogs also produce various allergens. These allergens are present in the skin, hair, saliva, and urine of the animal, and all dogs produce these allergens. Of course, sometimes dust and pollen on the dog’s coat can cause allergy symptoms, meaning the dog itself does not necessarily cause these symptoms. Symptoms of a dog allergy are similar to those of a cat allergy mentioned earlier.
If a person develops hives, itching, and difficulty breathing after taking certain medications, they may have a drug allergy. People with drug allergies may have an allergic reaction, no matter what form of medication they take.
Symptoms of drug allergy:
- Boils and hives
- Respiratory problems and wheezing
- Typical initiators of drug allergies:
- Penicillin and related antibiotics
- Antibiotics containing sulfonamides (sulfa drugs)
- Anticonvulsant drugs
- Aspirin, ibuprofen, and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Chemotherapy drugs
- Diagnosis of drug allergies:
- Skin test (accurate for penicillin only)
- Drug Challenges
Management and treatment of drug allergies
- Avoid primers
- If allergy symptoms worsen or several symptoms appear together, the patient should seek medical attention. All treating physicians should be aware of a person’s allergies.
While a person may not experience allergic symptoms the first time they use a drug, the body may produce antibodies against it. Consequently, when a person retakes the drug, the immune system treats it as an attacker, and as a result of the release of chemicals in the body to defend against the substance, symptoms appear in the person. Penicillin causes most allergy symptoms. Of course, just because a person has shown allergic symptoms after taking penicillin does not mean that they have the same reaction to related drugs such as amoxicillin, although it is possible. Also, having one reaction to penicillin or another drug at one time does not necessarily mean that the same reaction will occur in the future. Antibiotics that contain sulfa drugs, such as Septra, Bactrim, and Pediazol, can sometimes cause allergic reactions.
Drug allergy diagnosis
Drug allergies are difficult to diagnose. Only penicillin allergy can be definitively detected through a skin test. The symptoms of some allergic reactions to medications are similar to the symptoms of some illnesses.
If a person has a drug allergy:
- He should inform any doctor he sees about his allergies
- Be aware of related medications that you should avoid
- Ask your doctor for advice on alternative medicines
- Use a warning medical bracelet
If there is no suitable alternative to the antibiotic to which the person is allergic; they should be desensitized. This approach involves gradually increasing the dose of the drug. This is usually done in a hospital under the supervision of a doctor. This is especially useful when you have to take medicine every day. When a person stops taking the drug, they should be desensitized again to retake the drug later when the chemotherapy course ends.
Allergy to penicillin
About 10% of people are allergic to this drug. Of course, more than 90% of people who think they are allergic to penicillin do not have this type of allergy. Even in people diagnosed with an allergy to this drug, only about 20% still have an allergy to this drug ten years after the first allergic reaction.
Symptoms of penicillin allergy
Mild to moderate allergic reactions to penicillin are common, and symptoms may include:
Urticaria, swelling, and swelling of the skin, especially on the face, sore throat, wheezing, cough, and difficulty breathing, can sometimes cause an anaphylactic reaction. Symptoms of anaphylaxis may include not only skin symptoms but also the following: Chest tightness and difficulty breathing Swelling of the tongue, throat, and lips Dizziness and loss of consciousness, which can lead to shock and heart failure
Allergic nasal mucositis (allergic rhinitis or hay fever)
If a person sneezes a lot and often has a stuffy or runny nose or his eyes, mouth, and skin feel itchy, he may have inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Inflammation of the nasal mucosa is often referred to as hay fever, but a person doesn’t need to be exposed to hay for symptoms to occur. Despite the disease’s name, a patient should not necessarily have a fever that has hay fever. Respiratory allergies, especially allergic rhinitis, are among the most common allergies and are expected to increase in prevalence. Recent studies have shown that the prevalence of allergic rhinitis in children is high and more attention needs to be paid to control this disease’s disease. The prevalence of respiratory allergies is reported to be between 10 and 30%.
Allergic rhinitis comes in two forms:
Seasonal: Symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis can occur in spring, summer, and early fall. These are usually caused by an allergic reaction to mold spores and pollen in the air.
Chronic: People with this type of allergic rhinitis have symptoms throughout the year. This condition is often caused by mites, animal hair and skin lesions, beetles, or mold.
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis:
- Runny nose, itchy eyes, mouth, or skin, sneezing, stuffy nose, fatigue
- Management and treatment of allergic rhinitis
- Make changes in behavior and living environment to avoid initiators
- Keep windows closed when there is a lot of pollen in the air
- Use glasses outdoors
- Use of anti-slip beds
- Wash right after contact with animals
- Control of some symptoms with antihistamines, anticonvulsants, and steroid nasal sprays
Allergic rhinitis can be accompanied by the following:
- Decreased concentration
- Restriction of activity
- Decreased decision-making ability
- Poor hand-eye coordination
- Difficulties in remembering
- sleep disorders
- More traffic accidents
- More injuries at work or school
Many parents say that children with allergic rhinitis become irritable and moody during the allergy season. Because children cannot express their symptoms directly, they may express their frustration with aggressive behavior at school and home. This irritability caused by problems with the nose, ears, or throat mustn’t be confused with attention deficit disorder. Symptoms of allergic rhinitis have other causes, the most common of which is the cold that causes the infection (infectious rhinitis). Most infections are relatively short-lived, and symptoms improve within three to seven days.
Diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis
A specialist doctor can help treat the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis is sometimes complicated by certain medical conditions, such as nasal deviation or nasal polyps. Many allergens that cause allergic rhinitis are present in the air, so it is impossible to avoid them altogether. If a person’s symptoms are not controlled by avoiding primers, medications are prescribed to improve the symptoms.
If a person has more workplace symptoms, such as allergic rhinitis, they may have occupational rhinitis. Occupational rhinitis is a condition in which a person’s symptoms begin or worsen due to allergens present in the workplace. These symptoms can include sneezing, runny nose, and eyes. Typical initiators include cleaning products, chemical gases, certain types of dust, and corrosive gases.
Sinusitis is often confused with rhinitis. Rhinitis affects only the nasal passages. Rhinitis may be caused by a cold or allergies. Sinus infection or sinusitis is one of the significant health problems. Sinuses are empty cavities in the bones of the face. People with allergies, asthma, structural problems in the nose or sinuses, or people with weakened immune systems are at higher risk. A bacterial infection often causes the disease. Sometimes viruses and fungi can also cause it. Infection of the sinus cavity near the brain can be fatal if left untreated. The sinuses usually have a thin layer of mucus that traps dust, objects, and other airborne particles. There are hair-like protrusions in these cavities that cause the mucus to move toward the nasal cavity. Infection and inflammation of the sinuses stop the natural flow of mucus in the sinuses. When infection or allergy causes the tissues in these membranes to swell, these hair-like bumps also stop working, and mucus builds up in the sinuses. According to the results of a review study, the prevalence of sinusitis is about 53%. Also, the prevalence of sinusitis in the west of the country is lower compared to other regions, and the highest prevalence is related to the central regions.
Symptoms of sinusitis
A bad cold is often confused with a sinus infection. Many of the symptoms, including headache or facial pain, runny nose, and nasal congestion, are the same. Still, unlike the common cold, the symptoms of sinusitis may be caused by bacterial infections. This problem often requires treatment with antibiotics.
Common symptoms of sinusitis include:
- Throat discharge
- Discoloration of nasal discharge
- Nasal congestion
- Feeling of heaviness in the face (especially under the eyes or in the area of the bridge of the nose)
- Headache in the forehead area
- Body odor
Diagnosis of sinusitis: To diagnose sinusitis, you should see a doctor. In most cases, sinusitis is easy to treat.
Allergy to mold
Some people are allergic to molds. Molds live everywhere. These fungi can be found in the bathroom, basement, and wet parts of the cabinet, piles of leaves gathered in the corner of the yard, and other places. Tiny mold spores circulate in the air and cause allergic reactions in sensitive individuals.
Symptoms of mold allergy can be similar to other respiratory allergies:
Management and treatment:
Your doctor should first diagnose this type of allergy. Anticonvulsants and antihistamines can help improve symptoms. When working in areas where there is a possibility of mold, you should use a mask and, after finishing the work, clean your nose with saline solution and wash your body.
Saliva, feces, and loose skin of beetles can trigger an allergic reaction as well as asthma. These allergens act like mites and aggravate symptoms when they are released into the air. According to the National Association for Pest Management in the United States, 63% of homes in the United States have beetle allergens. In some areas, the figure is as high as 98 percent. Common symptoms of beetle allergy include cough, nasal congestion, skin rash, whimpering, ear infection, and sinus infection.
Latex allergies have been identified in recent decades. The risk of developing a latex allergy increases with increasing exposure. Most people who are allergic to latex have been exposed to it for many years. Most of these people are nurses, doctors, dentists, and patients who have undergone many surgeries.
Latex, or natural rubber, is a substance obtained from the sap of the Huabersilinesis tree. After adding preservatives and stabilizers, it is poured into a mold, heated, and then dried. Various chemicals are added to the latex. Sometimes dry powder, usually cornstarch, is added to the latex surface to prevent the rubber surfaces from sticking together. Allergic reactions may occur to latex protein and chemicals added to it, but not to cornstarch. Of course, when gloves are worn, latex protein may seep out of the latex and stick to the cornstarch particles. When changing gloves, these particles can be released into the air and spread latex allergens into the environment. Many commercial products contain latex. These include bandages, baby bottles, baby toys, rubber bands, clothespins, and many medical devices. Compared to latex, synthetic rubber is made from petrochemicals and does not contain allergic latex proteins. Synthetic rubber products do not cause allergic reactions.
In people who are allergic to latex proteins, contact with the latex releases histamine into the tissues. The result is itching and hives due to direct contact, such as wearing latex gloves or swelling and itching of the lips, face, or tongue after inflating latex balloons. Anaphylaxis is the most severe allergic reaction to latex and is most commonly seen in susceptible patients. Latex protein is rapidly absorbed through moist surfaces such as the mouth, nose, throat, vagina, rectum, or internally (e.g., during surgery). Difficulty breathing, severe hypotension, and anaphylactic shock may also occur.
Most adverse reactions to latex are irritative dermatitis, which is not a real allergic reaction and does not involve the immune system. This can lead to dryness, roughness, and flaking of the skin and can sometimes be accompanied by watery sores. This problem is made worse by sweating and rubbing the skin with rubber gloves. Although irritant dermatitis is not an allergic reaction, latex absorption through damaged skin increases latex allergy risk when exposed to latex repeatedly. Diagnosis and treatment are recommended to reduce the risk of latex allergy. Some of the latex proteins are also present in some foods, and some people with latex allergies may experience itchy mouth or sore throat after eating certain foods. The most common foods are bananas, avocados, kiwis, plums, strawberries, and tomatoes.
Awareness and diagnosis
To confirm this allergy, your doctor may order a test to determine if you are allergic to the latex proteins and chemical preservatives in it. The most common type of test is a skin test or blood test for IgE.
If you are allergic to latex, you should consider the following:
- Avoid latex in all available forms and avoid latex coming in contact with the skin, face, eyes, nose, or throat. Latex substitutes should be used if necessary.
- Some condoms and diaphragms used for contraception contain latex. There are also condoms without latex.
- Wear a medical alert bracelet that indicates the type of allergy the person has.
- Before any surgery, dental treatment, Pap smear, blood tests, or other medical procedures, it is necessary to inform the treating person about this allergy.
- Avoid outdoor foods prepared by people who have used latex gloves.
- Avoid jobs that require the use of latex tools.